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Zaffani, Mariachiara (2017) Late Norian-Rhaetian carbon cycle perturbations: from a Tethyan to a global perspective. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (italian or english)

Little is known about the Norian-Rhaetian δ13Corg variations: this parameter could shed new lights on the environmental and climatic conditions preceding the end-Triassic mass extinction, providing thus new clues on this extreme and dramatic event. For these reasons, we analyzed several sections from the Tethys – from the Lagonegro Basin (Italy), the Pindos Zone (Greece), the Lombardy Basin (Italy) and the Wombat Basin (Australia)– comparing them with coeval published successions from the North America and Europe. Our results highlight the occurrence of a negative excursion at the Norian/Rhaetian boundary (ca. 205.7 Ma), which can be correlated at global scale. Other significant δ13Corg decreases during the late Norian and the Rhaetian are correlatable at least at local to regional scale, and appear to be linked to greenhouse-gases emissions, likely from Large Igneous Provinces. Thus, this work supports the hypothesis of a close link between δ13Corg disruptions, biotic crises and volcanic activity for the end-Triassic extinction.

Abstract (a different language)

Le variazioni del δ13Corg dell’intervallo Norico-Retico possono aiutare a comprendere meglio i cambiamenti climatici ed ambientali che hanno anticipato l’estinzione di fine Triassico, fornendo così nuovi indizi sulle dinamiche responsabili di questa tragica estinzione. Per queste ragioni, abbiamo analizzato diverse successioni geologiche Tetidee – dal Bacino di Lagonegro (Italia), l’area del Pindo (Grecia), il Bacino Lombardo (Italia) e il Bacino del Wombat (Australia) – confrontandole con successioni coeve provenienti dal Nord America e dall’Europa. I risultati ottenuti hanno messo in evidenza la presenza di un’escursione negativa al limite Norico/Retico (ca. 205,7 Ma), che può essere correlata a scala globale. Sono stati inoltre riconosciute altri decrementi significativi del δ13Corg durante il Norico superiore ed il Retico, correlabili a scala locale e talora regionale. Tali decrementi sembrano legati ad emissioni di gas serra, probabilmente derivanti dalla messa in posto di estese Province Magmatiche. In questo modo, questo lavoro di tesi supporta l’ipotesi della stretta correlazione esistente tra variazioni del δ13Corg, crisi biotiche ed attività vulcaniche caratterizzanti l’estinzione di fine Triassico.

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EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Rigo, Manuel
Supervisor:Agnini, Claudia
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 29 > Corsi 29 > SCIENZE DELLA TERRA
Data di deposito della tesi:31 January 2017
Anno di Pubblicazione:31 January 2017
Key Words:Norian, Rhaetian, δ13Corg, Lagonegro Basin, Pignola-Abriola, Lombardy Basin, End Triassic Extinction
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/02 Geologia stratigrafica e sedimentologica
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Geoscienze
Codice ID:10197
Depositato il:02 Nov 2017 16:52
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