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Elsayed, Ahmed (2017) Evaluating the Cultural Heritage and landscape of Quseir - Qift Road: with a special focus on the gold mines and greywacke quarries. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (italian or english)

The study is divided into two parts preceded by an introduction and entailed by a conclusion as follows:
Part I: Archaeological Survey of Quseir – Qift road
This part is divided into two chapters surveying the road and the ports flanking the road between the Nile and the Red Sea.
Chapter I: sheds the light on the hydreumata along the Quseir (Myos Hormos) - Qift (Coptos) road which are:
Bir Nakhil, Dawwi, Bir Sayyala, Bir al Hamara, Al – Zarqa (Maximianon), Bir Fawakhir (Persou II), Bir Hammamat (Persou I), El Muwayh “Krokodilo” and Qusur El Banat.
Chapter II: deals with the ancient port network between the Nile and the Red Sea due to the importance of the Myos Hormos road in the ancient times as the shortest road linking the Nile port of Coptos (Qift) with the Red Sea port of Myos Hormos (Quseir) in addition to the role played by the ancient port of Saww (Mersa Gawasis) from the Pharaonic Perod till the 2nd century AD.
Part II: Cultural Heritage Values of the Quseir - Qift road
This part is divided into three chapters underlining the different heritage values along the Coptos – Myos Hormos road.
Chapter III: underlines the gold mines and the value of gold in Ancient Egypt, the evolution of gold extraction in Bir Umm Fawakhir along the different historical phases from the Pre - dynastic period till the Ptolemaic and Roman – Byzantine era and the impact of this activity on creating the settlement that was once inhabited by the miners.
Chapter IV: studies the greywacke (Bekhen stone) quarries and the development of quarrying techniques through the analysis of the numerous inscriptions left by the members of the various expeditions sent to extract this stone in the greywacke mountain of Wadi Hammamat. These textual evidences helped in rendering the various Quarrying phases starting with the Extraction process upon the arrival to the quarry till the Transportation towards the destination on the Nile valley passing by the Logistics that once regulated the work of large - numbered expeditions in the desert such as the distribution of goods, food and other necessities for the workers and the water supply in addition to the cultic and the religious aspects of the region.
Chapter V: represents the valorization of the heritage value of Coptos – Myos Hormos road through elaborating a number of arguments related to the life of the road that forms a pass towards the realization of a desert road archaeology study. This part of the study includes some proposed ideas towards the ideal use of the potentials of the surveyed areas from the tourism point of view promoting new itineraries and developing projects that may participate as a possible a solution due to the recent status of tourism in Egypt.

Abstract (a different language)

La valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale e paesaggistico della strada Quseir-Qift: con un focus sulle miniere d’oro e le cave di grovacca
Lo studio è diviso in due parti, precedute da un’introduzione e seguite da una conclusione, secondo lo schema seguente:
Parte I
Indagine archeologica della strada Quseir-Qift
Questa parte è articolata in due capitoli che prendono in esame la strada e i porti di Quseir (Myos Hormos) e Qift (Coptos) che fiancheggiano la strada tra il Nilo e il Mar Rosso.
Capitolo I: illustra gli Hydreumata presenti lungo la strada Quseir-Qift che sono: Bir Nakhil, Dawwi, Bir Sayyala, Bir al Hamara, Al – Zarqa (Maximianon), Bir Fawakhir (Persou II), Bir Hammamat (Persou I), El Muwayh “Krokodilo” e Qusur El Banat.
Capitolo II: tratta dell’antica rete portuale tra il Nilo e il Mar Rosso dovuta all’importanza della strada nell’antichità, in quanto via più breve di collegamento tra il porto sul Nilo di Coptos (Qift) e il porto sul Mar Rosso di Myos Hormos (Quseir), in aggiunta al ruolo giocato dall’antico porto di Saww (Mersa Gawasis) dall’età faraonica al II secolo d.C.
Parte II
Valore del patrimonio culturale della strada Quseir-Qift
Questa parte è divisa in tre capitoli che evidenziano gli svariati valori culturali della strada Quseir-Qift.
Capitolo III: esamina le miniere d’oro e il valore dell’oro nell’antico Egitto, l’evoluzione delle tecniche di estrazione dell’oro a Bir Umm Fawakhir nel corso delle varie fasi storiche, dal periodo predinastico fino all’epoca greca e romano-bizantina, e l’impatto di questa attività nella creazione dell’insediamento abitato un tempo dai minatori.
Capitolo IV: studia le cave di grovacca (pietra Bekhen) e lo sviluppo delle tecniche di estrazione della pietra, analizzate tramite l’esame delle numerose iscrizioni lasciate dai membri delle varie spedizioni inviate a estrarre questa pietra dalla montagna di grovacca di Wadi Hammamat. Queste evidenze testuali hanno aiutato a comprendere le diverse fasi del lavoro, a partire dal processo di estrazione della pietra, subito dopo l’arrivo dei lavoratori nella cava, fino al trasporto verso il luogo di destinazione nella Valle del Nilo; sono presi in esame anche la logistica che un tempo regolava il lavoro delle grosse spedizioni nel deserto (come la distribuzione di beni, cibo e altri generi di prima necessità ai lavoratori), il rifornimento di acqua e gli aspetti cultuali e religiosi della regione.
Capitolo V: presenta la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale della strada Quseir-Qift mediante l’elaborazione di alcuni argomenti connessi alla vita della strada, il che rappresenta una tappa verso la realizzazione di un’archeologia delle vie del deserto. Questo capitolo include proposte per un uso ideale delle aree analizzate dal punto di vista del potenziale turistico, promuovendo nuovi itinerari e sviluppando progetti che possono contribuire a un miglioramento delle attuali condizioni del turismo in Egitto.

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EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Zanovello, Paola
Supervisor:Zanovello , Paola
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 29 > Corsi 29 > STORIA, CRITICA E CONSERVAZIONE DEI BENI CULTURALI
Data di deposito della tesi:31 January 2017
Anno di Pubblicazione:31 January 2017
Key Words:Greywacke, Gold Mining, Myos Hormos road
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 10 - Scienze dell'antichità, filologico-letterarie e storico-artistiche > L-OR/05 Archeologia e storia dell'arte del vicino oriente antico
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Beni Culturali: archeologia, storia dell'arte, del cinema e della musica
Codice ID:10241
Depositato il:03 Nov 2017 09:29
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