Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

| Crea un account

Faccioni, Georgia (2018) Ecosystem Services and sustainability evaluation of alpine dairy cattle systems. [Tesi di dottorato]

Full text disponibile come:

Documento PDF

Abstract (inglese)

Grazing livestock systems play a key role in the maintenance of mountain areas in Europe, contributing to human well-being through the creation of socio-ecological systems in which human activities shape ecosystems and are influenced by local and regional socioeconomic, environmental and cultural conditions. The alpine cattle husbandry is historically based on small herds of the local dual-purpose breed, usually hosted in closed barns located in the low valley, excepts for the summer period in which they are moved to high-pastures (summer farms). During last half of the 20th century, livestock husbandry in the alps had to face the impact of the processes of abandonment and intensification, which threaten the ecological functions of the mountain agroecosystems. Both trends involve land use changes, with the intensification occurring in valleys bottoms, whereas abandoned areas are mainly located at high altitudes and steep slopes. As a consequence, there are severe impacts on terrestrial, aquatic and aerial systems, a decrease in the number of farms and a progressive intensification of the remaining farms (larger herds, milk specialised breed, massive use of extra-farms feed). Issues related to livestock husbandry on food security, agroecosystem protection, biodiversity, animal welfare, social concerns and economic competitiveness, have emerged in the public and scientific debate, strongly demanding for a focus on the sustainability of the sector. Sustainability is defined as the use of available resources for meeting human development goals while maintaining the ability of natural systems to continue to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend. It is composed of three parts, a social, an environmental and an economic one. Approaches as multifunctionality and Ecosystem Services have been developed to value the provision of additional function apart from commodity outputs to agroecosystems. Both concepts can be used to tackle the current need and social demand for a sustainable development of mountain agroecosystems. The term of Ecosystem Services defines all the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being. They are categorised as provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services. However, if managed in an incorrect way, the ecosystem can react with what is defined as an Ecosystem Disservices (EDs), which has negative outcomes for society. The aim of this Ph.D thesis was to assess the multifunctionality of the alpine dairy cattle system in the Alpine agroecosystems, integrating the ESs framework into socio-economic approaches (choice model), and participatory approaches (questionnaire and focus group), involving and adding value to stakeholders’ opinions. This Ph.D thesis is composed of three chapters. The first chapter aimed at analysing, within the Ecosystem Services framework, the sociocultural and economic value of a number of positive functions of Alpine agroecosystems, in a context of simultaneous processes of intensification and abandonment. We first performed interviews with farmers and other local stakeholders (qualitative method) to explore the relationships between the dairy livestock systems and the environment. Then we developed a choice model to rank and value the most important functions of the current agroecosystems (dairy livestock systems and permanent crops) according to the views of local (residents of the study area) and reference (residents of the six neighbouring provinces) populations in three policy scenarios. Results showed that local stakeholders had a positive opinion of the outcomes of the mountain dairy livestock system. Regulation services, represented in the choice model by water quality, were found to be the most valuable for the well-being of society. Considering a hypothetical sustainable development scenario, people showed to be willing to compromise on production rather than cut back on environmental services. Besides, they rejected the current trend of intensification of permanent crops and dairy production with the consequent abandonment of summer pastures. It would be possible to take action to support the dairy sector and promote its sustainability since the Total Economic Value of Alpine agroecosystems calculated was €159.30 per person per year, which exceeded current expenditure on agroenvironmental programmes. The second chapter considered the farmer’s ambitions regarding their life and their farm and the connection between their objectives and the real management practices on the farm located in a mountain area. We performed a principal component analyses (PCA) and a cluster analysis on data coming from face to face questionnaires, identifying three factors (quality of life through diversification, environmental goals and economic goals) and three clusters (Diversification entrepreneurs, Traditional farmers and Planner farmers). The relationships among clusters, behaviours and data on their farm structure and management were tested. The analysis highlighted differences in farmer’s personal goals for their farms and trade-off between economic aspects and social sustainability that was to the detriment of the social sustainability. Significant differences among clusters were found when considering management variables related with the territory. The identification of the heterogeneity of farmers’ behaviour is a relevant starting point to achieve the sustainable development of the mountain farming system and for the application of participatory approaches. The third chapter aimed at investigating the relationship between local supply chains and ESs in Austrian and Italian mountain areas, understanding also to which extent the positive added values generated are communicated to society. In order to do so, we applied a stakeholder analysis, an online survey and a focus group for both the Italian and Austrian study areas. As in the first chapter, we found a general positive vision of the effects of the livestock production chain on the mountain environment and vice versa. Only Italian stakeholders identified a negative impact on the environment, concerning water quality. Common difficulties and opinions among stakeholders of both study areas were unravelled during the focus groups. Stakeholders expressed the need for a common network and of an increase in the collaboration among themselves, to generate a targeted communication of ESs linked to the territory maintenance of the dairy production chains in mountain areas. The results of this Ph.D thesis give interesting insights about the Ecosystem Services and sustainability evaluation of Alpine dairy cattle systems. The assessment through the use multiple tools of analysis, allowed stakeholders and researchers to improve the understanding of the relationship between human activities and the ecosystem and also to identify intervention points for problem solving.

Abstract (italiano)

I sistemi zootecnici giocano un ruolo fondamentale nel mantenimento delle aree montane Europee, contribuendo al benessere umano attraverso la creazione di sistemi socio-ecologici in cui le attività umane plasmano gli ecosistemi e sono influenzate dalle condizioni socioeconomiche, ambientali e culturali locali e regionali. Storicamente, l’allevamento zootecnico alpino si basa su piccole mandrie di razze locali a duplice attitudine. Durante la maggior parte dell’anno, le mandrie trovano riparo in stalle del fondo valle, mentre nel periodo estivo vengono trasferite nei pascoli a quote elevate, nelle malghe.
Nell’ultima metà del ventesimo secolo, l’allevamento di bestiame nelle alpi ha dovuto affrontare l’impatto dei processi di abbandono e di intensificazione, i quali minacciano le funzioni ecologiche degli agroecosistemi montani. Entrambe le tendenze implicano dei cambiamenti nell’uso del suolo, con l’intensificazione che prende piede nel fondo valle, mentre le aree abbandonate si localizzano principalmente alle altitudini più elevate e lungo i pendii più ripidi. Di conseguenza, si verificano impatti severi sui sistemi acquatici, aerei, e terrestri; una diminuzione nel numero delle aziende zootecniche e una progressiva spinta all’intensificazione delle aziende rimanenti ( mandrie più grandi, razze specializzate da latte, uso massiccio dei mangimi extra-aziendali). I problemi legati all’allevamento zootecnico sulla sicurezza alimentare, sulla protezione degli agroecosistemi, sulla biodiversità, sul benessere animale, sulle preoccupazioni sociali e culla competitività economica, sono emersi nel dibattito pubblico e scientifico, richiedendo a gran voce una maggiore attenzione sulla sostenibilità del settore. La sostenibilità viene definita come l’uso delle risorse disponibili per raggiungere gli obiettivi dello sviluppo umano mentre si mantiene la capacità dei sistemi naturali di continuare a fornire le stesse risorse naturali e i Servizi Ecosistemici su cui dipendono l’economia e la società. La sostenibilità si compone di tre parti: una sociale, una ambientale e una economica. Per valutare l’approvvigionamento delle funzioni dell’ecosistema, che non rientrino nell’ambito della fornitura di beni di mercato, sono stati sviluppati degli approcci come la multifunzionalità e i Servizi Ecosistemici. Entrambi i concetti posso essere usati per affrontare il bisogno corrente e la domanda sociale di uno sviluppo sostenibile degli agroecosistemi montani. Il termine Servizi Ecosistemici definisce tutti i contributi diretti e indiretti di un ecosistema al benessere umano. Sono categorizzati come servizi di approvvigionamento, di regolazione, culturali e di supporto alla vita. In ogni caso gli ecosistemi, se gestiti in maniera erronea, possono regire con quelli che vengono definiti Disservizi Ecosistemici, che hanno impatti negativi per la società.
Lo scopo della mia tesi di dottorato è stato quello di stimare la multifunzionalità dei sistemi di allevamento di vacche da latte negli agroecosistemi alpini, integrando la struttura teorica dei Servizi Ecosistemici negli approcci socio-economici (modelli di scelta), negli approcci partecipativi (questionari e gruppi di discussione), coinvolgendo e valorizzando l’opinione dei portatori di interesse. Questa tesi di dottorato è composta da tre capitoli.
Il primo capitolo della tesi, puntava all’analisi, nell’ambito della teoria dei Servizi Ecosistemici, del valore socioculturale ed economico di un numero di funzioni positive degli agroecosistemi alpini, in un contesto di due processi simultanei di intensificazione e di abbandono. Per prima cosa, furono svolte delle interviste con gli allevatori e con altri portatori di interesse locali ( metodo qualitativo), per esplorare la relazione tra i sistemi zootecnici da latte e l’ambiente. In seguito, fu sviluppato un modello di scelta per classificare e valutare le più importanti funzioni attuali degli agroecosistemi (i sistemi zootecnici da latte e le colture permanenti), secondo i punti di vista delle popolazioni locali ( residenti nell’area di studio) e di riferimento ( i residenti delle sei provincie confinanti l’area di studio) in tre diversi scenari politici. I risultati hanno mostrato che i portatori di interesse locali avevano una opinione positiva delle attività del sistema zootecnico da latte di montagna. I servizi di regolazione, rappresentati nel modello di scelta dalla qualità dell’acqua, sono stati considerati come i più importanti per il benessere della società. Considerando uno scenario ipotetico di sviluppo sostenibile, le persone si sono mostrate propense al compromesso sulla produzione lattiero-casearia piuttosto che sulla riduzione dei Servizi Ecosistemici. Inoltre, hanno rifiutato il processo corrente di intensificazione delle colture permanenti e della produzione lattiero-casearia, con il conseguente abbandono dei pascoli alpini. Dato che il valore economico totale degli agroecosistemi alpini calcolato è risultato essere di €159.30 pro capite all’anno, che eccede la spesa corrente sui programmi agroambientali, sarebbe possibile intraprendere azione per supportare il settore zootecnico da latte e promuovere la sua sostenibilità.
Il secondo capitolo ha preso in considerazione le ambizioni degli allevatori riguardo la loro vita e la loro azienda, e la connessione tra i loro obiettivi e le reali pratiche di gestione applicate nelle loro aziende montane. Un’analisi in componenti principali (PCA) e un’analisi dei gruppi è stata portata a termine partendo da dati raccolti tramite interviste personali, identificando tre fattori (qualità della vita ottenuta tramite la diversificazione aziendale; obiettivi ambientali; obiettivi economici) e tre gruppi (imprenditori della diversificazione, allevatori tradizionali, allevatori pianificatori). Furono inoltre testate le relazioni tra i gruppi, i comportamenti e i dati sulla struttura e sulla gestione aziendale. Le analisi hanno messo in luce delle differenze negli obiettivi personali degli allevatori per quanto riguardava le loro aziende, e un equilibrio tra gli aspetti economici e la sostenibilità sociale che pendeva a sfavore di quest’ultima. Prendendo in considerazione le variabili di gestione territoriale, sono state trovate differenze significative tra i gruppi . L’identificazione dell’eterogeneità del comportamento degli allevatori è un punto di partenza fondamentale per raggiungere uno sviluppo sostenibile nei sistemi zootecnici montani e per l’applicazione di eventuali approcci partecipativi. Il terzo capitolo della tesi mirava ad investigare la relazione tra le strutture di approvvigionamento locale e i Servizi Ecosistemici nelle aree montane italiane e austriache, cercando anche di capire a che livello viene comunicato alla società il valore aggiunto generato dalla filiera. Per fare ciò, sono state messe in atto un’analisi dei portatori di interesse, una indagine online e un gruppi di discussione sia per l’area di studio italiana che per quella austriaca. Come nel primo capitolo, in generale è stata trovata una visione positiva degli effetti della filiera zootecnica da latte sull’ambiente montano e vice versa. Solo i portatori di interesse italiani hanno identificato degli impatti negativi sull’ambiente, che riguardavano principalmente la qualità dell’acqua. Durante i gruppi di discussione, è stata fatta luce sulle comuni difficoltà e opinioni tra i portatori di interesse di entrambe le aree di studio. I portatori di interesse hanno inoltre espresso il bisogno di una rete di comunicazione comune e di un incremento nelle collaborazioni tra di loro, con l’obiettivo di mirare la comunicazione sui Servizi Ecosistemici legati al mantenimento del territorio e alla produzione zootecnica da latte nelle aree montane. I risultati di questa tesi di dottorato offrono spunti interessanti sui Servizi Ecosistemici e sulla valutazione della sostenibilità del sistema zootecnico di vacche da latte nelle alpi. La stima attraverso l’uso di numerose metodologie di analisi, ha permesso ai portatori di interesse e ai ricercatori di migliorare la comprensione delle relazioni tra le attività umane e gli ecosistemi, identificando possibili punti di intervento per la futura risoluzione dei problemi.

Statistiche Download
Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Sturaro, Enrico
Correlatore:Bernués, Alberto
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 30 > Corsi 30 > SCIENZE ANIMALI E AGROALIMENTARI
Data di deposito della tesi:12 Gennaio 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:12 Gennaio 2018
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):Ecosystem Services; sustainability; choice model; partecipatory approaces; dairy cattle systems; mountain
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/19 Zootecnica speciale
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse Naturali e Ambiente
Codice ID:10709
Depositato il:25 Ott 2018 16:28
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format


I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

Ajzen, I., 1991. The theory of planned behavior. Orgnizational Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50, 179–211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T Cerca con Google

Ajzen, I., Fishbein, M., 1975. Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA. Cerca con Google

Aldanondo Ochoa, A.M., Casanovas Oliva, V., Almansa Sáez, C., 2007. Explaining farm succession: the impact of farm location and off-farm employment opportunities. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 5, 214. doi:10.5424/sjar/2007052-241 Cerca con Google

Alfnes, F., Rickertsen, K., 2011. Non-market valuation: experimental methods, in: Lusk, J.L., Roosen, J., Shogren, J.F. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Food Consumption and Policy. Oxford University Press, p. 901. Cerca con Google

Álvares, F., Blanco, J.C., 2014. Recovering traditional husbandry practices to reduce wolf predation on free-ranging cattle in Iberia. Carniv. Damage Prev. News 10, 4–9. Cerca con Google

Andrighetto, I., Berzaghi, P., Cozzi, G., 1996. Dairy feeding and milk quality: the extensive systems. Zootec. e Nutr. Anim. 22, 241–250. Cerca con Google

Antrop, M., 2004. Landscape change and the urbanization process in Europe. Landsc. Urban Plan. 67, 9–26. doi:10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00026-4 Cerca con Google

APPA, 2017. Provincia Autonoma di Trento. Le acque superficiali: dati di monitoraggio relativi al periodo 2010-2016. Cerca con Google

Assandri, G., Bogliani, G., Pedrini, P., Brambilla, M., 2016. Diversity in the monotony?? Habitat traits and management practices shape avian communities in intensive vineyards. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 223, 250–260. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2016.03.014 Cerca con Google

Atkinson, R., Flint, J., 2001. Accessing hidden and hard-to-reach populations: Snowball research strategies. Soc. Res. Updat. 1–4. Cerca con Google

Baldock, D., Beaufoy, G., Brouwer, F., Institute for European Environmental Policy, 1996. Farming at the margins?: abandonment or redeployment of agricultural land in Europe. The Hague?: Agricultural economics research institute. Cerca con Google

Baldock, D., Beaufoy, G., Clark, J., 1994. The Nature of Farming: Low Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London. Cerca con Google

Battaglini, L., Bovolenta, S., Gusmeroli, F., Salvador, S., Sturaro, E., 2014. Environmental Sustainability of Alpine Livestock Farms. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 13, 3155. doi:10.4081/ijas.2014.3155 Cerca con Google

Beaufoy, G., Cooper, T., 2009. The Application of the High nature Value Impact Indicator. Cerca con Google

Beedell, J., Rehman, T., 2000. Using social-psychology models to understand farmers’ conservation behaviour. J. Rural Stud. 16, 117–127. doi:10.1016/S0743-0167(99)00043-1 Cerca con Google

Benton, T.G., Vickery, J.A., Wilson, J.D., 2003. Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key? Trends Ecol. Evol. 18, 182–188. doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00011-9 Cerca con Google

Bernstein, A.S., 2014. Biological Diversity and Public Health. Annu. Rev. Public Health 35, 153–167. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182348 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., 2016. Novel approaches to evaluate sustainability of pasture-based livestock systems. Adv. Anim. Biosci. 7, 185–190. doi:10.1017/S2040470016000108 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Clemetsen, M., Eik, L.O., 2016. Seeing Northern European Fjord and Mountain Agriculture Through Farmers’ Eyes: A Critical Step in Promoting Sustainability. Mt. Res. Dev. 36, 276–285. doi:10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00108.1 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Olaizola, A., Villalba, D., Casasús, I., 2011. Sustainability of pasture-based livestock farming systems in the European Mediterranean context: Synergies and trade-offs. Livest. Sci. 139, 44–57. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2011.03.018 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Riedel, J.L., Asensio, M.A., Blanco, M., Sanz, A., Revilla, R., Casasús, I., 2005. An integrated approach to studying the role of grazing livestock systems in the conservation of rangelands in a protected natural park (Sierra de Guara, Spain). Livest. Prod. Sci. 96, 75–85. doi:10.1016/j.livprodsci.2005.05.023 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Alfnes, F., Clemetsen, M., Eik, L.O., 2015. Quantifying the multifunctionality of fjord and mountain agriculture by means of sociocultural and economic valuation of ecosystem services. Land use policy 48, 170–178. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.05.022 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Olaizola, A.M., 2016. From landscape to fork?: value chains based on ecosystem services. FAO-CIHEAM Netw. Sheep Goats. Jt. Semin. Sub-Network Prod. Syst. Sub-Network Nutr. Montpellier, Fr. 16 - 18 june 2015. Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Ripoll Bosch, R., Casasús, I., 2013. A qualitative research on Spanish farmers and citizens perceptions of ecosystem services provided by mountain livestock farming. 17th Meet. FAO-CIHEAM Mt. Pasture Netw. 12–16. Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Ripoll-Bosch, R., Alfnes, F., 2014. Socio-Cultural and Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services Provided by Mediterranean Mountain Agroecosystems. PLoS One 9, e102479. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102479 Cerca con Google

Bernués, A., Tello-García, E., Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Ripoll-Bosch, R., Casasús, I., 2016. Agricultural practices, ecosystem services and sustainability in High Nature Value farmland: Unraveling the perceptions of farmers and nonfarmers. Land use policy 59, 130–142. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.08.033 Cerca con Google

Berton, M., Cesaro, G., Gallo, L., Pirlo, G., Ramanzin, M., Tagliapietra, F., Sturaro, E., 2016. Environmental impact of a cereal-based intensive beef fattening system according to a partial Life Cycle Assessment approach. Livest. Sci. 190, 81–88. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2016.06.007 Cerca con Google

Bignal, E.M., McCracken, D.I., 2000. The nature conservation value of European traditional farming systems. Environ. Rev. 8, 149–171. doi:10.1139/a00-009 Cerca con Google

Bittante, G., Cecchinato, A., Cologna, N., Penasa, M., Tiezzi, F., De Marchi, M., 2011. Factors affecting the incidence of first-quality wheels of Trentingrana cheese. J. Dairy Sci. 94, 3700–3707. doi:10.3168/jds.2010-3746 Cerca con Google

Bittante, G., Cologna, N., Cecchinato, A., De Marchi, M., Penasa, M., Tiezzi, F., Endrizzi, I., Gasperi, F., 2011. Monitoring of sensory attributes used in the quality payment system of Trentingrana cheese. J. Dairy Sci. 94, 5699–5709. doi:10.3168/jds.2011-4319 Cerca con Google

Bockstaller, C., Guichard, L., Keichinger, O., Girardin, P., Galan, M.-B., Gaillard, G., 2009. Comparison of Methods to Assess the Sustainability of Agricultural Systems: A Review, in: Sustainable Agriculture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 769–784. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-2666-8_47 Cerca con Google

Bockstaller, C., Guichard, L., Makowski, D., Aveline, A., Girardin, P., Plantureux, S., 2008. Agri-environmental indicators to assess cropping and farming systems. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 28, 139–149. doi:10.1051/agro:2007052 Cerca con Google

Boogaard, B.K., Oosting, S.J., Bock, B.B., Wiskerke, J.S.C., 2011. The sociocultural sustainability of livestock farming: an inquiry into social perceptions of dairy farming. animal 5, 1458–1466. doi:10.1017/S1751731111000371 Cerca con Google

Bouwman, L., van der Hoek, K., van Drecht, G., Eickhout, B., 2006. World livestock and crop production systems, land use and environment between 1970 and 2030. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 75–89. doi:10.1007/1-4020-4368-6_5 Cerca con Google

Briner, S., Elkin, C., Huber, R., 2013. Evaluating the relative impact of climate and economic changes on forest and agricultural ecosystem services in mountain regions. J. Environ. Manage. 129, 414–422. doi:10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2013.07.018 Cerca con Google

Briner, S., Elkin, C., Huber, R., Grêt-Regamey, A., 2011. Assessing the impacts of economic and climate changes on land-use in mountain regions: A spatial dynamic modeling approach. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 149, 50–63. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2011.12.011 Cerca con Google

Briner, S., Huber, R., Bebi, P., Elkin, C., Schmatz, D.R., Grêt-Regamey, A., 2013. Trade-Offs between Ecosystem Services in a Mountain Region. Ecol. Soc. 18, 35. doi:10.5751/ES-05576-180335 Cerca con Google

Brodt, S., Klonsky, K., Tourte, L., 2006. Farmer goals and management styles: Implications for advancing biologically based agriculture. Agric. Syst. 89, 90–105. doi:10.1016/J.AGSY.2005.08.005 Cerca con Google

Brown, B.J., Hanson, M.E., Liverman, D.M., Merideth, R.W., 1987. Global sustainability: Toward definition. Environ. Manage. 11, 713–719. doi:10.1007/BF01867238 Cerca con Google

Brundtland, G., Khalid, M., Agnelli, S., Al-Athel, S., Chidzero, B., Fadika, L., Hauff, V., Lang, I., Shijun, M., Morino de Botero, M., Singh, M., Okita, S., Others, A., 1987. Our Common Future (’Brundtland report’). Cerca con Google

Buckwell, A., Uhre, A.N., Williams, A., Poláková, J., Blurn, W.E.H., Schiefer, J., Lair, G.J., Heissenhuber, A., Schießl, P., Krämer, C., Haber, W., 2014. The Sustainable Intensification of European Agriculture. A review sponsored by the RISE foundation. doi:10.1111/j.1477-8947.1997.tb00699.x Cerca con Google

Bürgi, M., Silbernagel, J., Wu, J., Kienast, F., 2015. Linking ecosystem services with landscape history. Landsc. Ecol. 30, 11–20. doi:10.1007/s10980-014-0102-3 Cerca con Google

Burkhard, B., Crossman, N., Nedkov, S., Petz, K., Alkemade, R., 2013. Mapping and modelling ecosystem services for science, policy and practice. Ecosyst. Serv. 4, 1–3. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2013.04.005 Cerca con Google

Caballero, R., Gil, Á., Fernández-Santos, X., 2008. An Experts Survey on Sustainability Across Twenty-Seven Extensive European Systems of Grassland Management. Environ. Manage. 42, 190–199. doi:10.1007/s00267-008-9134-2 Cerca con Google

Chan, K.M.A., Guerry, A.D., Balvanera, P., Klain, S., Satterfield, T., Basurto, X., Bostrom, A., Chuenpagdee, R., Gould, R., Halpern, B.S., Hannahs, N., Levine, J., Norton, B., Ruckelshaus, M., Russell, R., Tam, J., Woodside, U., 2012. Where are Cultural and Social in Ecosystem Services? A Framework for Constructive Engagement. Bioscience 62, 744–756. doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.8.7 Cerca con Google

Chan, K.M.A., Satterfield, T., Goldstein, J., 2012. Rethinking ecosystem services to better address and navigate cultural values. Ecol. Econ. 74, 8–18. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.11.011 Cerca con Google

Chee, Y.E., 2004. An ecological perspective on the valuation of ecosystem services. Biol. Conserv. 120, 549–565. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.03.028 Cerca con Google

Chemini, C., Rizzoli, A., 2003. Land use change and biodiversity conservation in the Alps. J. Mt. Ecol. Suppl., 1–7. Cerca con Google

Christie, M., Fazey, I., Cooper, R., Hyde, T., Kenter, J.O., 2012. An evaluation of monetary and non-monetary techniques for assessing the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services to people in countries with developing economies. Ecol. Econ. 83, 67–78. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.08.012 Cerca con Google

Cocca, G., Sturaro, E., Gallo, L., Ramanzin, M., 2012. Is the abandonment of traditional livestock farming systems the main driver of mountain landscape change in Alpine areas? Land use policy 29, 878–886. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.01.005 Cerca con Google

Collantes, F., Pinilla, V., 2004. Extreme Depopulation in the Spanish Rural Mountain Areas: A Case Study of Aragon in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Rural Hist. 15, 149–166. doi:10.1017/S0956793304001219 Cerca con Google

Conti, G., Fagarazzi, L., 2005. Forest expansion in mountain ecosystems: “environmentalist’s dream” or societal nightmare? Planum-The Eur. J. Plan. 11, 1–20. Cerca con Google

Cooper, T., Hart, K., Baldock, D., 2009. The Provision of Public Goods through Agriculture in the European Union. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London. Cerca con Google

Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O’Neill, R. V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, R.G., Sutton, P., van den Belt, M., 1997. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387, 253–260. doi:10.1038/387253a0 Cerca con Google

Cowling, R.M., Egoh, B., Knight, A.T., O’Farrell, P.J., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Roux, D.J., Welz, A., Wilhelm-Rechman, A., 2008. An operational model for mainstreaming ecosystem services for implementation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 105, 9483–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.0706559105 Cerca con Google

Crouzat, E., Mouchet, M., Turkelboom, F., Byczek, C., Meersmans, J., Berger, F., Verkerk, P.J., Lavorel, S., 2015. Assessing bundles of ecosystem services from regional to landscape scale: insights from the French Alps. J. Appl. Ecol. 52, 1145–1155. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12502 Cerca con Google

Curtis, R.J., Brereton, T.M., Dennis, R.L.H., Carbone, C., Isaac, N.J.B., 2015. Butterfly abundance is determined by food availability and is mediated by species traits. J. Appl. Ecol. 52, 1676–1684. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12523 Cerca con Google

D’Ottavio, P., Francioni, M., Trozzo, L., Sedic, E., Budimir, K., Avanzolini, P., Trombetta, M.F., Porqueddu, C., Santilocchi, R., Toderi, M., 2017. Trends and approaches in the analysis of ecosystem services provided by grazing systems: A review. Grass Forage Sci. 1–11. doi:10.1111/gfs.12299 Cerca con Google

Dale, V.H., Polasky, S., 2007. Measures of the effects of agricultural practices on ecosystem services. Ecol. Econ. 64, 286–296. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.05.009 Cerca con Google

Dalmasso, S., Vesco, U., Orlando, L., Tropini, A., Passalacqua, C., 2012. An integrated program to prevent, mitigate and compensate Wolf (Canis lupus) damage in the Piedmont region (northern Italy). Hystrix 23, 54–61. doi:10.4404/hystrix-23.1-4560 Cerca con Google

Darnhofer, I., Bellon, S., Dedieu, B., Milestad, R., 2010. Adaptiveness to enhance the sustainability of farming systems. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev 30, 545–555. doi:10.1051/agro/2009053 Cerca con Google

Darnhofer, I., Fairweather, J., Moller, H., 2010. Assessing a farm’s sustainability: insights from resilience thinking. Int. J. Agric. Sustain. 8, 186–198. doi:10.3763/ijas.2010.0480 Cerca con Google

Dax, T., 2004. The impact of EU policies on mountain development in Austria, in: International Conference “Europe at the Margins: EU Regional Policy, Peripherality and Rurality.” Angers, France. Cerca con Google

de Groot, R.S., Alkemade, R., Braat, L., Hein, L., Willemen, L., 2010. Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making. Ecol. Complex. 7, 260–272. doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2009.10.006 Cerca con Google

Diacon-Bolli, J., Dalang, T., Holderegger, R., Bürgi, M., 2012. Heterogeneity fosters biodiversity: Linking history and ecology of dry calcareous grasslands. Basic Appl. Ecol. 13, 641–653. doi:10.1016/j.baae.2012.10.004 Cerca con Google

Dondina, O., Meriggi, A., Dagradi, V., Perversi, M., Milanesi, P., 2014. Wolf predation on livestock in an area of northern Italy and prediction of damage risk. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 1–20. doi:10.1080/03949370.2014.916352 Cerca con Google

Edmonson, A.J., Lean, I.J., Weaver, L.D., Farver, T., Webster, G., 1989. A Body Condition Scoring Chart for Holstein Dairy Cows. J. Dairy Sci. 72, 68–78. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(89)79081-0 Cerca con Google

Edwards-Jones, G., 2006. Modelling farmer decision-making: concepts, progress and challenges. Anim. Sci. 82, 783–790. doi:10.1017/ASC2006112 Cerca con Google

EEA, 2010. Europe’s ecological backbone: recognising the true value of our mountains, Europe’s ecological backbone: recognising the true value of our mountains. Copenhagen. doi:10.2800/43450 Cerca con Google

Egarter Vigl, L., Schirpke, U., Tasser, E., Tappeiner, U., 2016. Linking long-term landscape dynamics to the multiple interactions among ecosystem services in the European Alps. Landsc. Ecol. 31, 1903–1918. doi:10.1007/s10980-016-0389-3 Cerca con Google

Egarter Vigl, L., Tasser, E., Schirpke, U., Tappeiner, U., 2017. Using land use/land cover trajectories to uncover ecosystem service patterns across the Alps. Reg. Environ. Chang. 1–14. doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1132-6 Cerca con Google

Ehrlich, P., Ehrlich, A., 1981. Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species, eweb:35542. New York: Random House. Cerca con Google

Elliott, J., Heesterbeek, S., Lukensmeyer, C.J., Slocum, N., 2005. Participatory Methods Toolkit: A practitioner ’ s manual. King Baudouin Foundation and the Flemish Institute for Science and Tecnology Assessment (viWTA). Cerca con Google

Engel, S., Pagiola, S., Wunder, S., 2008. Designing payments for environmental services in theory and practice: An overview of the issues. Ecol. Econ. 65, 663–674. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.03.011 Cerca con Google

Errington, A., Gasson, R., 1994. Farming systems and the farm family business. ln: Rural and Farming Systems Analysis, Dent, JB and Mac Gregor, MJ. CABI, UK. Cerca con Google

European Commission, 2011. Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020, in: EU Commission (Ed.), Communication From the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Brussels. Cerca con Google

Feldmann, C., Hamm, U., 2015. Consumers’ perceptions and preferences for local food: A review. Food Qual. Prefer. 40, 152–164. doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.09.014 Cerca con Google

Fischer, A., Young, J.C., 2007. Understanding mental constructs of biodiversity: Implications for biodiversity management and conservation 136, 271–282. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2006.11.024 Cerca con Google

Fisher, B., Turner, R.K., Morling, P., 2009. Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making. Ecol. Econ. 68, 643–653. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.09.014 Cerca con Google

Floor Brower, 2004. Sustaining Agriculture and the Rural Environment: Governance, Policy, and Multifunctionality. Edward Elgar Publishing. Cerca con Google

Fu, B., Zhang, L., Xu, Z., Zhao, Y., Wei, Y., Skinner, D., 2015. Ecosystem services in changing land use. J. Soils Sediments 15, 833–843. doi:10.1007/s11368-015-1082-x Cerca con Google

Galati, A., Gristina, L., Crescimanno, M., Barone, E., Novara, A., 2015. Effectiveness of incentives for agri-environment measure in Mediterranean degraded and eroded vineyards 17, 11293. Cerca con Google

Gamborg, C., Sandøe, P., 2005. Sustainability in farm animal breeding: a review. Livest. Prod. Sci. 92, 221–231. doi:10.1016/j.livprodsci.2004.08.010 Cerca con Google

Geneletti, D., 2008. Impact assessment of proposed ski areas: A GIS approach integrating biological, physical and landscape indicators. Environ. Impact Assess. Rev. 28, 116–130. doi:10.1016/J.EIAR.2007.05.011 Cerca con Google

Gibon, A., Sibbald, A.R., Flamant, J.C., Lhoste, P., Revilla, R., Rubino, R., Sørensen, J.T., 1999. Livestock farming systems research in Europe and its potential contribution for managing towards sustainability in livestock farming. Livest. Prod. Sci. 61, 121–137. doi:10.1016/S0301-6226(99)00062-7 Cerca con Google

Giupponi, C., Ramanzin, M., Sturaro, E., Fuser, S., 2006. Climate and land use changes, biodiversity and agri-environmental measures in the Belluno province, Italy. Environ. Sci. Policy 9, 163–173. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2005.11.007 Cerca con Google

Gliessman, S.R., Engles, E., 2007. Agroecology?: the ecology of sustainable food systems. Lewis Publishers (CRC Press), Boca Raton, FL, USA. Cerca con Google

Gordon, L.J., Finlayson, C.M., Falkenmark, M., 2010. Managing water in agriculture for food production and other ecosystem services. Agric. Water Manag. 97, 512–519. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2009.03.017 Cerca con Google

Gossner, M.M., Lewinsohn, T.M., Kahl, T., Grassein, F., Boch, S., Prati, D., Birkhofer, K., Renner, S.C., Sikorski, J., Wubet, T., Arndt, H., Baumgartner, V., Blaser, S., Blüthgen, N., Börschig, C., Buscot, F., Diekötter, T., Jorge, L.R., Jung, K., Keyel, A.C., Klein, A.-M., Klemmer, S., Krauss, J., Lange, M., Müller, J., Overmann, J., Pašalic, E., Penone, C., Perovic, D.J., Purschke, O., Schall, P., Socher, S.A., Sonnemann, I., Tschapka, M., Tscharntke, T., Türke, M., Venter, P.C., Weiner, C.N., Werner, M., Wolters, V., Wurst, S., Westphal, C., Fischer, M., Weisser, W.W., Allan, E., 2016. Land-use intensification causes multitrophic homogenization of grassland communities. Nature 540, 266–269. doi:10.1038/nature20575 Cerca con Google

Grabherr, G., 2009. Biodiversity in the high ranges of the Alps: Ethnobotanical and climate change perspectives. Glob. Environ. Chang. 19, 167–172. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.007 Cerca con Google

Grêt-Regamey, A., Brunner, S.H., Kienast, F., 2012. Mountain Ecosystem Services: Who Cares? Mt. Res. Dev. 32, S23–S34. doi:10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-10-00115.S1 Cerca con Google

Grêt-Regamey, A., Weibel, B., Bagstad, K.J., Ferrari, M., Geneletti, D., Klug, H., Schirpke, U., Tappeiner, U., 2014. On the Effects of Scale for Ecosystem Services Mapping. PLoS One 9, e112601. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112601 Cerca con Google

Groot, D. De, Wang, Y., 2010. The TEEB Valuation Database?: overview of structure , data and results The TEEB Valuation Database?: overview of structure , data and results. Cerca con Google

Guerrero, L., Guàrdia, M.D., Xicola, J., Verbeke, W., Vanhonacker, F., Zakowska-Biemans, S., Sajdakowska, M., Sulmont-Rossé, C., Issanchou, S., Contel, M., Scalvedi, M.L., Granli, B.S., Hersleth, M., 2009. Consumer-driven definition of traditional food products and innovation in traditional foods. A qualitative cross-cultural study. Appetite 52, 345–354. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2008.11.008 Cerca con Google

Guillaumin, A., Hopquin, J., Desvignes, P., Vinatier, J., 2007. Caractériser la participation des exploitations agricoles d’un territoire au développement durable, in: Dictionnaire Des Indicateurs. Institut de l’Elevage, Paris. Cerca con Google

Haines-Young, R., Potschin, M., 2013. Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES): Consultation on Version 4, August-December 2012. Cerca con Google

Halberg, N., Verschuur, G., Goodlass, G., 2005. Farm level environmental indicators; are they useful? An overview of green accounting systems for European farms. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 105, 195–212. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2004.04.003 Cerca con Google

Hein, L., Van Koppen, K., Van Ierland, E.C., Leidekker, J., 2016. Temporal scales, ecosystem dynamics, stakeholders and the valuation of ecosystems services. Ecosyst. Serv. 21, 109–119. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.07.008 Cerca con Google

Hensher, Rose, J.M., Greene, W.H., 2005. Applied Choice Analysis: A Primer. Cambridge University Press. Cerca con Google

Hernández-Morcillo, M., Plieninger, T., Bieling, C., 2013. An empirical review of cultural ecosystem service indicators. Ecol. Indic. 29, 434–444. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.01.013 Cerca con Google

Hicks, C.C., McClanahan, T.R., Cinner, J.E., Hills, J.M., 2009. Trade-Offs in Values Assigned to Ecological Goods and Services Associated with Different Coral Reef Management Strategies. Ecol. Soc. 14, art10. doi:10.5751/ES-02712-140110 Cerca con Google

Horn, M., Steinwidder, A., Pfister, R., Gasteiner, J., Vestergaard, M., Larsen, T., Zollitsch, W., 2014. Do different cow types respond differently to a reduction of concentrate supplementation in an Alpine low-input dairy system? Livest. Sci. 170, 72–83. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2014.10.006 Cerca con Google

Houet, T., Loveland, T.R., Hubert-Moy, L., Gaucherel, C., Napton, D., Barnes, C.A., Sayler, K., 2010. Exploring subtle land use and land cover changes: a framework for future landscape studies. Landsc. Ecol. 25, 249–266. doi:10.1007/s10980-009-9362-8 Cerca con Google

Huber, R., Rigling, A., Bebi, P., Brand, F.S., Briner, S., Buttler, A., Elkin, C., Gillet, F., Grêt-Regamey, A., Hirschi, C., Lischke, H., Scholz, R.W., Seidl, R., Spiegelberger, T., Walz, A., Zimmermann, W., Bugmann, H., 2013. Sustainable Land Use in Mountain Regions Under Global Change: Synthesis Across Scales and Disciplines. Ecol. Soc. 18, art36. doi:10.5751/ES-05499-180336 Cerca con Google

Isselstein, J., Jeangros, B., Pavlu, V., 2005. Agronomic aspects of biodiversity targeted management of temperate grasslands in Europe – A review. Agron. Res. 3, 139–151. Cerca con Google

ISTAT, 2010. 6° Censimento Generale dell’Agricoltura. Roma. Cerca con Google

Jepsen, M.R., Kuemmerle, T., Müller, D., Erb, K., Verburg, P.H., Haberl, H., Vesterager, J.P., Andric, M., Antrop, M., Austrheim, G., Björn, I., Bondeau, A., Bürgi, M., Bryson, J., Caspar, G., Cassar, L.F., Conrad, E., Chromý, P., Daugirdas, V., Van Eetvelde, V., Elena-Rosselló, R., Gimmi, U., Izakovicova, Z., Jancák, V., Jansson, U., Kladnik, D., Kozak, J., Konkoly-Gyuró, E., Krausmann, F., Mander, Ü., McDonagh, J., Pärn, J., Niedertscheider, M., Nikodemus, O., Ostapowicz, K., Pérez-Soba, M., Pinto-Correia, T., Ribokas, G., Rounsevell, M., Schistou, D., Schmit, C., Terkenli, T.S., Tretvik, A.M., Trzepacz, P., Vadineanu, A., Walz, A., Zhllima, E., Reenberg, A., 2015. Transitions in European land-management regimes between 1800 and 2010. Land use policy 49, 53–64. doi:10.1016/J.LANDUSEPOL.2015.07.003 Cerca con Google

Jerrentrup, J.S., Klimek, S., Marchiori, E., Bittante, G., Ramanzin, M., Sturaro, E., Marini, L., 2016. Impact of dairy farming on butterfly diversity in Alpine summer pastures. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 232, 38–45. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2016.07.023 Cerca con Google

Kahle, L.R., Gurel-Atay, E., 2015. Communicating sustainability for the green economy. Cerca con Google

Karali, E., Brunner, B., Doherty, R., Hersperger, A.M., Rounsevell, M.D.A., 2013. The Effect of Farmer Attitudes and Objectives on the Heterogeneity of Farm Attributes and Management in Switzerland. Hum. Ecol. 41, 915–926. doi:10.1007/s10745-013-9612-x Cerca con Google

Kareiva, P., Marvier, M., 2012. What Is Conservation Science? Bioscience 62, 962–969. doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.11.5 Cerca con Google

Kleijn, D., Kohler, F., Báldi, A., Batáry, P., Concepción, E.D., Clough, Y., Díaz, M., Gabriel, D., Holzschuh, A., Knop, E., Kovács, A., Marshall, E.J.P., Tscharntke, T., Verhulst, J., 2009. On the relationship between farmland biodiversity and land-use intensity in Europe. Proc. Biol. Sci. 276, 903–9. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1509 Cerca con Google

Klopcic, M., Malak-Rawlikowska, A., Stalgiene, A., Kuipers, A., 2017. Analysis of dairy farmers’ expectations and challenges in four European countries, in: Commitee, E. scientific (Ed.), Book of Abstracts of the 68th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. p. 512. Cerca con Google

Kuipers, A., Malak-Rawlikowska, A., Stalgiene, A., Kristof, P., Klopcic, M., 2017. Stakeholder opinions on development paths, opportunities and barriers in dairy sector, in: EAAP scientific commitee (Ed.), Book of Abstracts of the 68th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. p. 512. Cerca con Google

Kumar, M., Kumar, P., 2008. Valuation of the ecosystem services: A psycho-cultural perspective. Ecol. Econ. 64, 808–819. doi:10.1016/J.ECOLECON.2007.05.008 Cerca con Google

La Notte, A., Scolozzi, R., Molfetta, P., Gubert, F., Molignoni, R., Franchi, R., Pecile, A., 2014. An ecosystem service-based approach to design agri- environment-climate payments for the rural development programs 2014-2020. The case of the autonomous province of Trento. Ann. di Bot. 4, 91–96. doi:10.4462/annbotrm-11646 Cerca con Google

Lamarque, P., Tappeiner, U., Turner, C., Steinbacher, M., Bardgett, R.D., Szukics, U., Schermer, M., Lavorel, S., 2011. Stakeholder perceptions of grassland ecosystem services in relation to knowledge on soil fertility and biodiversity. Reg. Environ. Chang. 11, 791–804. doi:10.1007/s10113-011-0214-0 Cerca con Google

Lambin, E.., Rounsevell, M.D.., Geist, H.., 2000. Are agricultural land-use models able to predict changes in land-use intensity? Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 82, 321–331. doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00235-8 Cerca con Google

Lambin, E.F., Turner, B.L., Geist, H.J., Agbola, S.B., Angelsen, A., Folke, C., Bruce, J.W., Coomes, O.T., Dirzo, R., George, P.S., Homewood, K., Imbernon, J., Leemans, R., Li, X., Moran, E.F., Mortimore, M., Ramakrishnan, P.S., Richards, J.F., Steffen, W., Stone, G.D., Svedin, U., Veldkamp, T.A., 2001. The causes of land-use and land-cover change?: moving beyond the myths 11, 261–269. doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(01)00007-3 Cerca con Google

Lancaster, K.J., 1966. A New Approach to Consumer Theory. J. Polit. Econ. 74, 132–157. doi:10.1086/259131 Cerca con Google

Landis, D.A., 2017. Designing agricultural landscapes for biodiversity-based ecosystem services. Basic Appl. Ecol. 18, 1–12. doi:10.1016/J.BAAE.2016.07.005 Cerca con Google

Lasanta, T., Nadal-Romero, E., Arnáez, J., 2015. Managing abandoned farmland to control the impact of re-vegetation on the environment. The state of the art in Europe. Environ. Sci. Policy 52, 99–109. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.05.012 Cerca con Google

Layke, C., 2009. Measuring Nature’s Benefits: A Preliminary Roadmap for Improving Ecosystem Service Indicators. Washington DC. Cerca con Google

Lazarus, R.S., Folkman, S., 1987. Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. Eur. J. Pers. 1, 141–169. doi:10.1002/per.2410010304 Cerca con Google

Lebacq, T., Baret, P. V., Stilmant, D., 2013. Sustainability indicators for livestock farming. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 33, 311–327. doi:10.1007/s13593-012-0121-x Cerca con Google

Lenglet, F., 2014. Influence of terroir products meaning on consumer’s expectations and likings. Food Qual. Prefer. 32, 264–270. doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2013.09.003 Cerca con Google

Levers, C., Müller, D., Erb, K., Haberl, H., Jepsen, M.R., Metzger, M.J., Meyfroidt, P., Plieninger, T., Plutzar, C., Stürck, J., Verburg, P.H., Verkerk, P.J., Kuemmerle, T., 2015. Archetypical patterns and trajectories of land systems in Europe. Reg. Environ. Chang. 1–18. doi:10.1007/s10113-015-0907-x Cerca con Google

Linnell, J.D.C., Boitani, L., 2012. Building biological realism into wolf management policy: The development of the population approach in Europe. Hystrix 23, 80–91. doi:10.4404/hystrix-23.1-4676 Cerca con Google

Lynne, G.D., Franklin Casey, C., Hodges, A., Rahmani, M., 1995. Conservation technology adoption decisions and the theory of planned behavior. J. Econ. Psychol. 16, 581–598. doi:10.1016/0167-4870(95)00031-6 Cerca con Google

MacDonald, D., Crabtree, J.R., Wiesinger, G., Dax, T., Stamou, N., Fleury, P., Gutierrez Lazpita, J., Gibon, A., 2000. Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental consequences and policy response. J. Environ. Manage. 59, 47–69. doi:10.1006/jema.1999.0335 Cerca con Google

Mack, G., Walter, T., Flury, C., 2013. Seasonal alpine grazing trends in Switzerland?: Economic importance and impact on biotic communities. Environ. Sci. Policy 32, 48–57. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2013.01.019 Cerca con Google

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Klimek, S., Battisti, A., Gaston, K.J., 2009. Impact of farm size and topography on plant and insect diversity of managed grasslands in the Alps. Biol. Conserv. 142, 394–403. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.10.034 Cerca con Google

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Scotton, M., Klimek, S., 2008. Vascular plant and Orthoptera diversity in relation to grassland management and landscape composition in the European Alps. J. Appl. Ecol. 45, 361–370. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01402.x Cerca con Google

Marini, L., Klimek, S., Battisti, A., 2011. Mitigating the impacts of the decline of traditional farming on mountain landscapes and biodiversity: a case study in the European Alps. Environ. Sci. Policy 14, 258–267. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2010.12.003 Cerca con Google

Marini, L., Scotton, M., Klimek, S., Pecile, A., 2008. Patterns of plant species richness in Alpine hay meadows?: Local vs . landscape controls. Basic Appl. Ecol. 9, 365–372. doi:10.1016/j.baae.2007.06.011 Cerca con Google

Martínez-Sastre, R., Ravera, F., González, J.A., López Santiago, C., Bidegain, I., Munda, G., 2017. Mediterranean landscapes under change: Combining social multicriteria evaluation and the ecosystem services framework for land use planning. Land use policy 67, 472–486. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.06.001 Cerca con Google

Martín-López, B., García-Llorente, M., Palomo, I., Montes, C., 2011. The conservation against development paradigm in protected areas: Valuation of ecosystem services in the Doñana social–ecological system (southwestern Spain). Ecol. Econ. 70, 1481–1491. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.03.009 Cerca con Google

Martín-López, B., Gómez-Baggethun, E., García-Llorente, M., Montes, C., 2014. Trade-offs across value-domains in ecosystem services assessment. Ecological 37, 220–228. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.03.003 Cerca con Google

Martín-López, B., Iniesta-Arandia, I., García-Llorente, M., Palomo, I., Casado-Arzuaga, I., Amo, D.G. Del, Gómez-Baggethun, E., Oteros-Rozas, E., Palacios-Agundez, I., Willaarts, B., González, J.A., Santos-Martín, F., Onaindia, M., López-Santiago, C., Montes, C., 2012. Uncovering ecosystem service bundles through social preferences. PLoS One 7, e38970. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038970 Cerca con Google

Marucco, F., Boitani, L., 2012. Wolf population monitoring and livestock depredation preventive methods in Europe. Hystrix, Ital. J. Mammal. doi:10.4404/hystrix-23.1-6364 Cerca con Google

Mattison, E., Norris, K., 2005. Bridging the gaps between agricultural policy, land-use and biodiversity. Trends Ecol. Evol. 130, 438–446. Cerca con Google

Mazzocchi, C., Sali, G., 2016. Sustainability and Competitiveness of Agriculture in Mountain Areas: A Willingness to Pay (WTP) Approach. Sustainability 8, 343. doi:10.3390/su8040343 Cerca con Google

Mcfadden, D., 1974. Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behavior, in: Zarembka, P. (Ed.), In Frontiers in Econometrics. Academic Press, New York, pp. 105–142. Cerca con Google

MEA, 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Island Press, Whasington, DC. Cerca con Google

Menzel, S., Teng, J., Tengf, J., 2010. Society for Conservation Biology Ecosystem Services as a Stakeholder-Driven Concept for Conservation Science. Source Conserv. Biol. 24, 907–909. Cerca con Google

Merz, A., 2011. La realtà del Trentingrana, in: Gasperi, F., Cavazza, A. (Eds.), Atti Del Convegno La Filiera Del Grana Trentino: Approcci Innovativi E Integrati Alla Tecnologia E Al Controllo Qualità: San Michele all’Adige, 20 Giugno 2011. San Michele all’Adige (TN): Fondazione Edmund Mach, pp. 17–18. Cerca con Google

Meul, M., Nevens, F., Reheul, D., Hofman, G., 2007. Energy use efficiency of specialised dairy, arable and pig farms in Flanders. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 119, 135–144. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.07.002 Cerca con Google

Monteiro, A.T., Fava, F., Hiltbrunner, E., Della Marianna, G., Bocchi, S., 2011. Assessment of land cover changes and spatial drivers behind loss of permanent meadows in the lowlands of Italian Alps. Landsc. Urban Plan. 100, 287–294. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.12.015 Cerca con Google

Mrad, M., Sturaro, E., Cocca, G., Ramanzin, M., 2009. Relationships between stocking rate, livestock production systems and Alpine grasslands management. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 8, 181–183. doi:10.4081/ijas.2009.s3.181 Cerca con Google

Muradian, R., Arsel, M., Pellegrini, L., Adaman, F., Aguilar, B., Agarwal, B., Corbera, E., Ezzine de Blas, D., Farley, J., Froger, G., Garcia-Frapolli, E., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Gowdy, J., Kosoy, N., Le Coq, J.F., Leroy, P., May, P., Méral, P., Mibielli, P., Norgaard, R., Ozkaynak, B., Pascual, U., Pengue, W., Perez, M., Pesche, D., Pirard, R., Ramos-Martin, J., Rival, L., Saenz, F., Van Hecken, G., Vatn, A., Vira, B., Urama, K., 2013. Payments for ecosystem services and the fatal attraction of win-win solutions. Conserv. Lett. 6, 274–279. doi:10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00309.x Cerca con Google

Nagler, M., Fontana, V., Lair, G.J., Radtke, A., Tasser, E., Zerbe, S., Tappeiner, U., 2015. Different management of larch grasslands in the European Alps shows low impact on above- and belowground carbon stocks. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 213, 186–193. doi:10.1016/J.AGEE.2015.08.005 Cerca con Google

Nascimbene, J., Marini, L., Ivan, D., Zottini, M., 2013. Management Intensity and Topography Determined Plant Diversity in Vineyards 8, 1–7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076167 Cerca con Google

Navarro, L.M., Pereira, H.M., 2015. Rewilding Abandoned Landscapes in Europe, in: Rewilding European Landscapes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 3–23. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12039-3_1 Cerca con Google

Newesely, C., Tasser, E., Spadinger, P., Cernusca, A., 2000. Effects of land-use changes on snow gliding processes in alpine ecosystems. Basic Appl. Ecol. 1, 61–67. doi:10.1078/1439-1791-00009 Cerca con Google

Nieto-Romero, M., Oteros-Rozas, E., González, J.A., Martín-López, B., 2014. Exploring the knowledge landscape of ecosystem services assessments in Mediterranean agroecosystems: Insights for future research. Environ. Sci. Policy 37, 121–133. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2013.09.003 Cerca con Google

Nitsch, H., Bogner, D., Dubbert, M., Fleury, P., Hofstetter, P., Knaus, F., Rudin, S., Šabec, N.D., Schmid, O., Schramek, J., Stöckli, S., Vincent, A., Wezel, A., 2014. MERIT. Review on result-oriented measures for sustainable land management in alpine agriculture & comparison of case study areas Report of Work package 1. Cerca con Google

OECD, 2001. Multifunctionality - Towards an Analytical Framework. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. Cerca con Google

OECD, 2008. Biofuel Support Policies. An economic assessment. Cerca con Google

OECD, 2015. How’s Life? 2015 Measuring Well-being. OECD Publishing, Paris. doi:10.1787/how_life-2015-en Cerca con Google

Olsson, E.G.A., Austrheim, G., Grenne, S.N., 2000. Landscape change patterns in mountains, land use and environmental diversity, Mid-Norway 1960–1993. Landsc. Ecol. 15, 155–170. doi:10.1023/A:1008173628016 Cerca con Google

Orenstein, D.E., Groner, E., 2014. In the eye of the stakeholder: Changes in perceptions of ecosystem services across an international border. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.04.004 Cerca con Google

Oteros-Rozas, E., González, J.A., Martín-López, B., López, C.A., Zorrilla-Miras, P., Montes, C., 2012. Evaluating Ecosystem Services in Transhumance Cultural Landscapes An Interdisciplinary and Participatory Framework Evaluating Ecosystem Services in Transhumance Cultural Landscapes. An Interdisciplinary and Participatory Framework. Gaia 21, 185–193. Cerca con Google

Oteros-Rozas, E., Martín-López, B., González, J.A., Plieninger, T., López, C.A., Montes, C., 2014. Socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services in a transhumance social-ecological network. Reg. Environ. Chang. 14, 1269–1289. doi:10.1007/s10113-013-0571-y Cerca con Google

Oteros-Rozas, E., Martín-López, B., López, C.A., Palomo, I., González, J.A., 2013. Envisioning the future of transhumant pastoralism through participatory scenario planning: a case study in Spain. Rangel. J. 35, 251. doi:10.1071/RJ12092 Cerca con Google

Parks, S., Gowdy, J., 2013. What have economists learned about valuing nature? A review essay. Ecosyst. Serv. 3, e1–e10. doi:10.1016/J.ECOSER.2012.12.002 Cerca con Google

Pearce, D.W., 1993. Economic values and the natural world. Earthscan, London. Cerca con Google

Pecher, C., Tasser, E., Tappeiner, U., 2011. Definition of the potential treeline in the European Alps and its benefit for sustainability monitoring. Ecol. Indic. 11, 438–447. doi:10.1016/J.ECOLIND.2010.06.015 Cerca con Google

Plantureux, S., Peeters, A., Mccracken, D., 2005. Biodiversity in intensive grasslands: Effect of management, improvement and challenges. Agron. Res. 3, 153–164. Cerca con Google

Plieninger, T., Bieling, C., Fagerholm, N., Byg, A., Hartel, T., Hurley, P., López-Santiago, C.A., Nagabhatla, N., Oteros-Rozas, E., Raymond, C.M., van der Horst, D., Huntsinger, L., 2015. The role of cultural ecosystem services in landscape management and planning. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain. 14, 28–33. doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2015.02.006 Cerca con Google

Plieninger, T., Dijks, S., Oteros-Rozas, E., Bieling, C., 2013. Assessing, mapping, and quantifying cultural ecosystem services at community level. Land use policy 33, 118–129. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.12.013 Cerca con Google

Poulopoulou, I., Nock, C.., Steinmayer, S., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M., 2017. Working time analysis of mountainous dairy farms, in: Eaap Scientific Commitee (Ed.), Book of Abstracts of the 68th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. p. 512. Cerca con Google

Rainis, S., Cividino, S.R.S., Sulli, F., Valent, E., 2013. Analysis of the Criticizes for Zootechnics Development in a Mountain Area of Italy. J. Life Sci. 7, 846–855. Cerca con Google

Ramanzin, M., Salvador, S., Sturaro, E., Bovolenta, S., 2014. Livestock farming systems in the eastern Italian Alps?: Ecosystem services and product quality. Options Méditerranéennes. Ser. A 811–815. Cerca con Google

Ramírez, Á., Ayuga-Téllez, E., Gallego, E., Fuentes, J.M., García, A.I., 2011. A simplified model to assess landscape quality from rural roads in Spain. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 142, 205–212. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2011.05.007 Cerca con Google

Randall, A., 2002. Valuing the outputs of multifunctional agriculture. Eur. Rev. Agric. Econ. 29, 289–307. doi:10.1093/eurrag/29.3.289 Cerca con Google

Reinhardt, I., Rauer, G., Kluth, G., Kaczensky, P., Knauer, F., Wotschikowsky, U., 2012. Livestock protection methods applicable for Germany - a Country newly recolonized by wolves. Hystrix 23, 62–72. doi:10.4404/hystrix-23.1-4555 Cerca con Google

Renting, H., Rossing, W.A.H., Groot, J.C.J., Van Der Ploeg, J.D., Laurent, C., Perraud, D., Stobbelaar, D.J., Ittersum, M.K. Van, 2009. Exploring multifunctional agriculture. A review of conceptual approaches and prospects for an integrative transitional framework. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.014 Cerca con Google

Rey Benayas, J., 2007. Abandonment of agricultural land: an overview of drivers and consequences. CAB Rev. Perspect. Agric. Vet. Sci. Nutr. Nat. Resour. 2. doi:10.1079/PAVSNNR20072057 Cerca con Google

Riley, J., 2001. The indicator explosion: local needs and international challenges. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 87, 119–120. doi:10.1016/ S0167-8809(01)00271-7 Cerca con Google

Ripoll-Bosch, R., de Boer, I.J.M., Bernués, A., Vellinga, T.V., 2013. Accounting for multi-functionality of sheep farming in the carbon footprint of lamb: A comparison of three contrasting Mediterranean systems. Agric. Syst. 116, 60–68. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2012.11.002 Cerca con Google

Rodríguez-Ortega, T., Oteros-Rozas, E., Ripoll-Bosch, R., Tichit, M., Martín-López, B., Bernués, A., 2014. Applying the ecosystem services framework to pasture-based livestock farming systems in Europe. Animal 8, 1361–1372. doi:10.1017/S1751731114000421 Cerca con Google

Rojas-Downing, M.M., Nejadhashemi, A.P., Harrigan, T., Woznicki, S.A., 2017. Climate change and livestock: Impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. doi:10.1016/j.crm.2017.02.001 Cerca con Google

Ruiz, M., Ruiz, J.P., 1986. Ecological history of transhumance in Spain. Biol. Conserv. 37, 73–86. doi:10.1016/0006-3207(86)90035-2 Cerca con Google

Ruiz-Mirazo, J., Belén Robles, A., González-Rebollar, J.L., 2011. Two-year evaluation of fuelbreaks grazed by livestock in the wildfire prevention program in Andalusia (Spain). Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 141, 13–22. Cerca con Google

Rutherford, G.N., Bebi, P., Edwards, P.J., Zimmermann, N.E., 2008. Assessing land-use statistics to model land cover change in a mountainous landscape in the European Alps. Ecol. Modell. 2012, 460–471. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.10.050 Cerca con Google

Schirpke, U., Kohler, M., Leitinger, G., Fontana, V., Tasser, E., Tappeiner, U., 2017. Future impacts of changing land-use and climate on ecosystem services of mountain grassland and their resilience. Ecosyst. Serv. 26, 79–94. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.06.008 Cerca con Google

Schirpke, U., Leitinger, G., Tasser, E., Schermer, M., Steinbacher, M., Tappeiner, U., 2013. Multiple ecosystem services of a changing Alpine landscape: past, present and future. Int. J. Biodivers. Sci. Ecosyst. Serv. Manag. 9, 123–135. doi:10.1080/21513732.2012.751936 Cerca con Google

Schirpke, U., Timmermann, F., Tappeiner, U., Tasser, E., 2016. Cultural ecosystem services of mountain regions: Modelling the aesthetic value. Ecol. Indic. 69, 78–90. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.04.001 Cerca con Google

Schmidt, K., Walz, A., Martín-López, B., Sachse, R., 2017. Testing socio-cultural valuation methods of ecosystem services to explain land use preferences. Ecosyst. Serv. 26, 270–288. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.07.001 Cerca con Google

Schmitzberger, I., Wrbka, T., Steurer, B., Aschenbrenner, G., Peterseil, J., Zechmeister, H.G., 2005. How farming styles influence biodiversity maintenance in Austrian agricultural landscapes. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 108, 274–290. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2005.02.009 Cerca con Google

Seppelt, R., Dormann, C.F., Eppink, F. V., Lautenbach, S., Schmidt, S., 2011. A quantitative review of ecosystem service studies: approaches, shortcomings and the road ahead. J. Appl. Ecol. 48, 630–636. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01952.x Cerca con Google

Soini, K., Aakkula, J., 2007. Framing the biodiversity of agricultural landscape: The essence of local conceptions and constructions. Land use policy 24, 311–321. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2006.03.001 Cerca con Google

Soini, K., Vaarala, H., Pouta, E., 2012. Residents’ sense of place and landscape perceptions at the rural–urban interface. Landsc. Urban Plan. 104, 124–134. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.10.002 Cerca con Google

Soliva, R., Bolliger, J., Hunziker, M., 2010. Differences in Preferences towards Potential Future Landscapes in the Swiss Alps. Landsc. Res. 35, 671–696. doi:10.1080/01426397.2010.519436 Cerca con Google

Staaland, H., Holand, Ø., Nellemann, C., Smith, M., 1998. Time Scale for Forest Regrowth: Abandoned Grazing and Agricultural Areas in Southern Norway. Ambio. doi:10.2307/4314768 Cerca con Google

Steinfeld, H., Gerber, P., Wassenaar, T., Castel, V., Rosales, M., Haan, C.D., 2006. Livestock’s long shadow?: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Cerca con Google

Stoate, C., Báldi, A., Beja, P., Boatman, N.D., Herzon, I., van Doorn, A., de Snoo, G.R., Rakosy, L., Ramwell, C., 2009. Ecological impacts of early 21st century agricultural change in Europe – A review. J. Environ. Manage. 91, 22–46. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.07.005 Cerca con Google

Streifeneder, T., Tappeiner, U., Ruffini, F.V., Tappeiner, G., Hoffmann, C., 2007. Perspective on the transformation of agricultural structures in the Alps. Comparison of agro-structural indicators synchronized with a local scale. Rev. Geogr. Alpine-J. Alp. Res. 95, 27–40. Cerca con Google

Strijker, D., 2005. Marginal lands in Europe—causes of decline. Basic Appl. Ecol. 6, 99–106. doi:10.1016/j.baae.2005.01.001 Cerca con Google

Strohbach, M.W., Kohler, M.L., Dauber, J., Klimek, S., 2015. High Nature Value farming: From indication to conservation. Ecol. Indic. 57, 557–563. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.05.021 Cerca con Google

Sturaro, E., Bortolazzi, A., Ramanzin, M., Secco, L., 2014. Status e prospettive della zootecnia in Lessinia (Alpi Orientali Italiane). Quad. SoZooAlp 8, 101–108. Cerca con Google

Sturaro, E., Marchiori, E., Cocca, G., Penasa, M., Ramanzin, M., Bittante, G., 2013. Dairy systems in mountainous areas: Farm animal biodiversity, milk production and destination, and land use. Livest. Sci. 158, 157–168. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2013.09.011 Cerca con Google

Sturaro, E., Thiene, M., Cocca, G., Mrad, M., Tempesta, T., Ramanzin, M., 2013. Factors influencing summer farms management in the Alps. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 12, 153–161. doi:10.4081/ijas.2013.e25 Cerca con Google

Swinton, S.M., Lupi, F., Robertson, G.P., Hamilton, S.K., 2007. Ecosystem services and agriculture: Cultivating agricultural ecosystems for diverse benefits. Ecol. Econ. 64, 245–252. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.020 Cerca con Google

Tasser, E., Leitinger, G., Tappeiner, U., 2017. Climate change versus land-use change—What affects the mountain landscapes more? Land use policy 60, 60–72. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.10.019 Cerca con Google

Tasser, E., Waldeb, J., Tappeiner, U., Teutsch, A., Noggler, W., 2007. Land-use changes and natural reforestation in the Eastern Central Alps. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 118, 115–129. doi:10.1016/J.AGEE.2006.05.004 Cerca con Google

TEEB, 2010. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Foundations. Earthscan, London. Cerca con Google

ten Napel, J., van der Veen, A.A., Oosting, S.J., Koerkamp, P.W.G.G., 2011. A conceptual approach to design livestock production systems for robustness to enhance sustainability. Livest. Sci. 139, 150–160. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2011.03.007 Cerca con Google

Tengberg, A., Fredholm, S., Eliasson, I., Knez, I., Saltzman, K., Wetterberg, O., 2012. Cultural ecosystem services provided by landscapes: Assessment of heritage values and identity. Ecosyst. Serv. 2, 14–26. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.07.006 Cerca con Google

Thomas, M.B., 1999. Ecological approaches and the development of "truly integrated" pest management. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 96, 5944–51. doi:10.1073/PNAS.96.11.5944 Cerca con Google

Thompson, P.B., 1992. The varieties of sustainability. Agric. Human Values 9, 11–19. doi:10.1007/BF02217917 Cerca con Google

Tilman, D., Cassman, K.G., Matson, P.A., Naylor, R., Polasky, S., 2002. Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature 418, 671–677. doi:10.1038/nature01014 Cerca con Google

van Calker, K.J., Berentsen, P.B.M., de Boer, I.J.M., Giesen, G.W.J., Huirne, R.B.M., 2007. Modelling worker physical health and societal sustainability at farm level: An application to conventional and organic dairy farming. Agric. Syst. 94, 205–219. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2006.08.006 Cerca con Google

Van Cauwenbergh, N., Biala, K., Bielders, C., Brouckaert, V., Franchois, L., Garcia Cidad, V., Hermy, M., Mathijs, E., Muys, B., Reijnders, J., Sauvenier, X., Valckx, J., Vanclooster, M., Van der Veken, B., Wauters, E., Peeters, A., 2007. SAFE—A hierarchical framework for assessing the sustainability of agricultural systems. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 120, 229–242. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.09.006 Cerca con Google

van der Werf, H.M.G., Kanyarushoki, C., Corson, M.S., 2009. An operational method for the evaluation of resource use and environmental impacts of dairy farms by life cycle assessment. J. Environ. Manage. 90, 3643–3652. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.07.003 Cerca con Google

van Der Werf, H.M.G., Petit, J., 2002. Evaluation of the environmental impact of agriculture at the farm level: a comparison and analysis of 12 indicator-based methods. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 93, 131–145. Cerca con Google

van Oudenhoven, A.P.E., Petz, K., Alkemade, R., Hein, L., de Groot, R.S., 2012. Framework for systematic indicator selection to assess effects of land management on ecosystem services. Ecol. Indic. 21, 110–122. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.01.012 Cerca con Google

Verhoeven, J.T.A., Arheimer, B., Yin, C., Hefting, M.M., 2006. Regional and global concerns over wetlands and water quality. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21, 96–103. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2005.11.015 Cerca con Google

Viglizzo, E.F., Paruelo, J.M., Laterra, P., Jobbágy, E.G., 2011. Ecosystem service evaluation to support land-use policy. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 154, 78–84. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2011.07.007 Cerca con Google

Vilain, 2008. La méthode IDEA: indicateurs de durabilité des exploitations agricoles, Educagri E. ed. Dijon. Cerca con Google

Vischetti, C., Cardinali, A., Monaci, E., Nicelli, M., Ferrari, F., Trevisan, M., Capri, E., 2008. Measures to reduce pesticide spray drift in a small aquatic ecosystem in vineyard estate. Sci. Total Environ. 389, 497–502. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.09.019 Cerca con Google

Vuillot, C., Coron, N., Calatayud, F., Sirami, C., Mathevet, R., Gibon, A., 2016. Ways of farming and ways of thinking: do farmers’ mental models of the landscape relate to their land management practices? Ecol. Soc. 21, art35. doi:10.5751/ES-08281-210135 Cerca con Google

Westman, W., 1997. How much are nature’s services worth. Science (80-. ). 197, 960–964. Cerca con Google

Wilkinson, J.M., 2011. Re-defining efficiency of feed use by livestock. animal 5, 1014–1022. doi:10.1017/S175173111100005X Cerca con Google

Willock, J., Deary, I.J., Edwards-Jones, G., Gibson, G.J., McGregor, M.J., Sutherland, A., Dent, J.B., Morgan, O., Grieve, R., 1999. The Role of Attitudes and Objectives in Farmer Decision Making: Business and Environmentally-Oriented Behaviour in Scotland. J. Agric. Econ. 50, 286–303. doi:10.1111/j.1477-9552.1999.tb00814.x Cerca con Google

Willock, J., Deary, I.J., McGregor, M.M., Sutherland, A., Edwards-Jones, G., Morgan, O., Dent, B., Grieve, R., Gibson, G., Austin, E., 1999b. Farmers’ Attitudes, Objectives, Behaviors, and Personality Traits: The Edinburgh Study of Decision Making on Farms. J. Vocat. Behav. 54, 5–36. doi:10.1006/jvbe.1998.1642 Cerca con Google

WOLFALPS, 2015. LIFE 12 NAT/IT/00080 [WWW Document]. URL (accessed 4.27.15). Vai! Cerca con Google

Zendri, F., 2015. Dairy farming systems and environment in mountainous areas. University of Padova. Cerca con Google

Zendri, F., Ramanzin, M., Bittante, G., Sturaro, E., 2016. Transhumance of dairy cows to highland summer pastures interacts with breed to influence body condition, milk yield and quality. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 15, 481–491. doi:10.1080/1828051X.2016.1217176 Cerca con Google

Zendri, F., Sturaro, E., Ramanzin, M., 2013. Highland summer pastures play a fundamental role for dairy systems in an Italian alpine region. Agric. Conspec. Sci. 78, 295–299. Cerca con Google

Zhang, W., Ricketts, T.H., Kremen, C., Carney, K., Swinton, S.M., 2007. Ecosystem services and dis-services to agriculture. Ecol. Econ. 64, 253–260. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.02.024 Cerca con Google

Zimmermann, P., Tasser, E., Leitinger, G., Tappeiner, U., 2010. Effects of land-use and land-cover pattern on landscape-scale biodiversity in the European Alps. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 139, 13–22. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.06.010 Cerca con Google

Zoderer, B.M., Tasser, E., Erb, K.H., Lupo Stanghellini, P.S., Tappeiner, U., 2016. Identifying and mapping the tourists’ perception of cultural ecosystem services: A case study from an Alpine region. Land use policy 56, 251–261. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.05.004 Cerca con Google

Zubair, M., Garforth, C., 2006. Farm Level Tree Planting in Pakistan: The Role of Farmers’ Perceptions and Attitudes. Agrofor. Syst. 66, 217–229. doi:10.1007/s10457-005-8846-z Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record