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SALVINI, SILVIA (2017) DETERIORATION OF CARBONATE ROCKS AND VULNERABILITY OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN A CHANGING CLIMATE. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (english)

The main aim of this study is to understand the effect of microclimatic factors on the decay of carbonate rocks with different petrography and textural features. A set of different kind of limestones commonly used in Built Heritage of Veneto and Northern Italy was selected.
Innovative and non-invasive methods for surface recession measurements in different environmental conditions have been used and results are useful for refine currently available equations.
Besides some routine laboratory analysis (OM, SEM-EDS, XRD, XRF, MIP, m-CT, densitometry), two different experimental approaches were designed: i) determination of the recession rate in headstones from a series of Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemeteries ii) accelerated ageing tests at controlled environmental conditions on different carbonate rock types previously petrographically and texturally characterized.

Abstract (italian)

Lo scopo principale di questo studio è la comprensione dell'influenza dei fattori microclimatici sul degrado delle rocce carbonatiche aventi diverse caratteristiche petrografiche e tessiturali.
A tal fine è stato selezionato un gruppo di pietre calcaree largamente impiegate nel patrimonio culturale edificato del Veneto e del Nord Italia.
Sono stati applicati metodi innovativi e non invasive per la misura dell'arretramento superficiale di rocce esposte in diverse condizioni ambientali. I risultati sono stati impiegati per integrare le correnti equazioni di recessione.
Oltre ad analisi di laboratorio di routine (OM; SEM-EDS; XRD; XRF; MIP; m-CT; densitometry) sono stati progettati due approcci sperimentali: i) determinazione della velocità di recessione nelle lapidi dei cimiteri gestiti dalla Commonwealth War Graves Commission; ii)test di invecchiamento accelerato in condizioni ambientali controllate su diversi tipi di rocce carbonatiche precedentemente caratterizzati petrograficamente e tessituralmente.

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EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:MAZZOLI, CLAUDIO
Supervisor:MASSIRONI, MATTEO
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 30 > Corsi 30 > SCIENZE DELLA TERRA
Data di deposito della tesi:15 January 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:31 October 2017
Key Words:velocità di recessione, rocce carbonatiche, lapidi, test di invecchiamento accelerato, porosità, granulometria, tecniche non invasive, recession rate, carbonate rocks, accelerated ageing tests, porosity, grain size, no-invasive techniques
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/09 Georisorse minerarie e applicazioni mineralogico- petrografiche per l'ambiente ed i beni culturali
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Geoscienze
Codice ID:10909
Depositato il:15 Nov 2018 17:20
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