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Fedele, Andrea (2018) Towards Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: development of a new method to integrate particular matter formation in climate change impact assessment. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (english)

The concept of sustainability is nowadays one of the principal points for choices about global development and takes into account environmental, economic and social aspects. It is now shared between all stakeholders that the right approach for products and services sustainability analysis must considered the entire life cycle, to individuate all phases and processes that are impactful and so to manage the improvement in the most efficient and effective way, with no risks to forget aspects that could be relevant for the results assessment. For the life cycle assessment some techniques are internationally recognized, between them the more developed is the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for the environmental studies. For the social aspects and, even more, for the sustainability assessment the published methods are different and have some methodological limits not yet solved. Today the research field on LCSA (Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment) is differentiated on some aspects, from the definition of a methodology that consider together environmental, economic and social aspects, to the choice of adequate sets of assessment indicators.
The present research focuses on an improvement proposal of an existing characterization method that allows to assess damage to Human Health (social characteristic), that actually do not take into account consequences of the respiratory problems due to the average temperature increase as a climate change phenomena (environmental characteristic).
The research activities were carried out at CESQA (Environmental and Quality Research Centre) of the Department of Industrial Engineering (Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale – DII) at the University of Padova (Italy).
The results of the research activities are summarized in five chapters.
Chapter 1: includes a general introduction on the concept of sustainability and on the recent Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment methodology, underlined actual developments and limits. Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), life cycle methodologies for environmental and social aspects evaluation of products and services are analyzed. It has been underlined how the most know and recent published characterization methods for LCA allow to evaluate the human health damage category: this could be considered an indicator of social type because for the calculation of DALY (disability-adjusted life years, quantifying the burden of disease from mortality and morbidity). From methods analysis arise that characterization methods have also some limits about the human health damage evaluation: they don’t take into account, for example, consequences of respiratory problems due to climate change and in particular way from average global temperature, that affects dangerous particles concentration in inhaled air(for example particulate matters).
Chapter 2: reports on materials and methods used in the present research, from the general model description for the damage assessment to the specific model that has been proposed to integrate effects on human health due to the variation of inhalable substance in the air from temperature rise global phenomena.
Chapter 3: presents the results of the research testing model applicability on four different specific case studies, in which has been implemented a life cycle analysis through the application of ReCiPe 2008 assessment method and the method proposed in the present research; difference on results have been evaluated. Sensitivity analysis results have been also reported, considering as variation parameter different values of temperature increase.
Chapter 4: presents the discussions on results and an analysis of results evaluating differences between ReCiPe 2008 method and the proposed one. Results of sensitivity analysis are discussed and deepened.
Chapter 5: reports on the conclusions and perspectives for future researches.

Abstract (italian)

Il concetto di sostenibilità è diventato oramai un punto focale nelle scelte di sviluppo globale e include aspetti di tipo ambientale, economico e sociale. É tuttora consolidato che l’approccio corretto per l’analisi di sostenibilità dei prodotti e servizi deve considerare l’intero ciclo di vita, in modo da poter individuare quali fasi e processi risultano più impattanti e poter gestire il miglioramento in maniera più efficente ed efficace, senza il rischio di non considerare aspetti che potrebbero risultare rilevanti per la valutazione. Per tale analisi sono ormai assodate varie tecniche tra le quali la più sviluppata risulta il Life Cycle Assessment per la valutazione della sostenibilità ambientale. Per gli aspetti sociali e, ancor più, per la valutazione della sostenibilità i metodi sviluppati sono diversificati e presentano alcuni limiti metodologici non ancora risolti. Ad oggi il campo di ricerca del cosidetto LCSA (Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment) è diversificato su più aspetti, dalla definizione di una metodologia per la contemporanea valutazione di aspetti ambientalli, economici e sociali, alla definizione di adeguati set di indicatori di valutazione.
La presente ricerca si focalizza sulla proposta di miglioramento di un metodo di caratterizzazione esistente che permette di valutare il danno alla salute umana (caratteristica di tipo sociale), che attualmente non considera le conseguenze dei problemi respiratori dovuti all’innalzamento della temperature media terrestre come fenomeno del cambiamento climatico in atto (caratteristica di tipo ambientale).
Le attività di ricerca sono state condotte presso il CESQA (Centro Studi Qualità e Ambiente) del Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale dell’Università di Padova.
I risultati della ricerca sono presentati in cinque capitoli.
Capitolo 1: include un’introduzione generale sul concetto di sostenibilità e sulla recente metodologia Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment per la valutazione della sostenibilità, evidenziandone gli attuali sviluppi e limiti. Vengono analizzate le metodologie Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) e Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) per la valutazione di impatti sociali e ambientali nell’ottica di analisi del ciclo di vita del prodotto. Si è evidenziato come i principali e più recenti metodi di caratterizzazione pubblicati per gli studi di LCA permettano la valutazione della categoria di danno alla salute umana, indicatore con caratteristiche di tipo sociale in quanto permette di misurare gli anni di vita persa per morte prematura o disabilità (DALY). Dall’analisi è emerso come tali metodi di caratterizzazione presentino ancora dei limiti nella valutazione dei danni sulla salute umana, non considerando per esempio le conseguenze dei problemi respiratori dovuti al fenomeno del cambiamento climatico e in modo particolare all’innalzamento della temperature media globale, che ha effetti sulla concentrazione di particelle pericolose (ad esempio il particolato) nell’aria inalabile.
Capitolo 2: riferisce in merito ai materiali e metodi adottati per la ricerca, dalla descrizione del modello generale per la valutazione del danno al modello specifico proposto per integrare gli effetti sulla salute umana dovuti alla variazione di sostanze inalabili in aria causata dal fenomento dell’innalzamento della temperatura.
Capitolo 3: presenta i risultati della ricerca testando l’applicabilità del modello su quattro differenti casi studio specifici, tramite l’implementazione di un’analisi del ciclo di vita applicando il metodo di caratterizzazione ReCiPe 2008 e il metodo proposto nel presente studio, riportando la differenza di risultato ottenuto. Vengono riportati inoltre i risultati dell’analisi di sensitività sviluppata considerando come parametro di variazione differenti valori di incremento di temperatura possibili.
Capitolo 4: presenta le discussioni l’analisi dei risultati ottenuti valutando la differenza di risultati ottenuti tramite l’applicazione del metodo di caratterizzazione ReCiPe 2008 e il metodo proposto nel presente studio. Sono discussi e approfonditi inoltre i risultati dell’analisi di sensitività effettuata.
Capitolo 5: presenta le conclusioni e gli e spunti per possibili sviluppi futuri della ricerca.

EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Scipioni, Antonio
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 29 > Corsi 29 > INGEGNERIA INDUSTRIALE
Data di deposito della tesi:24 January 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:24 January 2018
Key Words:Life cycle sustainability, Particular matter, Climate Change, Impact Assessment
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/27 Chimica industriale e tecnologica
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale
Codice ID:11060
Depositato il:25 Oct 2018 16:36
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