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SALINAS, ALDO (2018) Understanding the relationship between institutions and formal and informal entrepreneurial activity: The case of Latin American countries. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (english)

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the influence of formal and informal institutions on the level of formal and informal entrepreneurial activity in Latin America countries. This was done using two panels. The first panel covered the period 2004-2015 with a dataset containing 180 observations in 18 Latin America countries, while the second panel covered the period 2006-2015 with a dataset containing 134 observations in 14 Latin America countries. Also, we have used the Latinobarómetro dataset, which has not been extensively used by scholars in the field of entrepreneurship and which could be useful for longitudinal research on entrepreneurial activity in Latin American countries.
In summary, using the percentage of the adult population identified as own-account workers as a proxy of informal entrepreneurial activity, the results suggest that informal entrepreneurial activity is more abundant in Latin American countries that have weak property rights, higher business regulation, and lower tax morale. However, stricter labor market regulation is associated with a less informal entrepreneurial activity rate. Regarding formal entrepreneurial activity, the impact of institutional variables depends on the definition employed: productive or legal. In the case of the productive definition, the results suggest that formal entrepreneurial activity is more substantial in Latin American countries that have weak property rights and lower tax morale. Conversely, from a legal definition, formal entrepreneurial activity is more significant in Latin American countries that have most secure property rights and fewer labor regulations. These contradictory results suggest that the legal definition of formal entrepreneurship, but not the productive definition, seems to be associated with the type of entrepreneurial activity that promotes economic growth and development. The results were maintained after controlling for some socio-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, the population growth rate, GDP growth rate, agricultural population, and education level.



Abstract (italian)

Lo scopo di questa tesi è esaminare l'influenza delle istituzioni formali e informali sul livello di attività imprenditoriale formale e informale nei paesi dell'America Latina. Questo è stato fatto usando due pannelli. Il primo panel copriva il periodo 2004-2015 con un set di dati contenente 180 osservazioni in 18 paesi dell'America Latina, mentre il secondo gruppo copriva il periodo 2006-2015 con un set di dati contenente 134 osservazioni in 14 paesi dell'America Latina. Inoltre, abbiamo utilizzato il set di dati Latinobarómetro, che non è stato ampiamente utilizzato dagli studiosi nel campo dell'imprenditoria e che potrebbe essere utile per la ricerca longitudinale sull'attività imprenditoriale nei paesi dell'America Latina.
In sintesi, utilizzando la percentuale della popolazione adulta identificata come lavoratore in conto proprio come proxy dell'attività imprenditoriale informale, i risultati suggeriscono che l'attività imprenditoriale informale è più abbondante nei paesi dell'America Latina che hanno diritti di proprietà deboli, maggiore regolamentazione aziendale e minori morale fiscale. Tuttavia, una regolamentazione più severa del mercato del lavoro è associata a un tasso di attività imprenditoriale meno informale. Per quanto riguarda l'attività imprenditoriale formale, l'impatto delle variabili istituzionali dipende dalla definizione utilizzata: produttiva o legale. Nel caso della definizione produttiva, i risultati suggeriscono che l'attività imprenditoriale formale è più consistente nei paesi latinoamericani che hanno diritti di proprietà deboli e morale fiscale inferiore. Al contrario, da una definizione legale, l'attività imprenditoriale formale è più significativa nei paesi dell'America latina che hanno i diritti di proprietà più sicuri e meno norme sul lavoro. Questi risultati contraddittori suggeriscono che la definizione legale di imprenditorialità formale, ma non la definizione produttiva, sembra essere associata al tipo di attività imprenditoriale che promuove la crescita e lo sviluppo economico. I risultati sono stati mantenuti dopo aver controllato alcuni fattori socio-economici, come il PIL pro capite, il tasso di crescita della popolazione, il tasso di crescita del PIL, la popolazione agricola e il livello di istruzione.

EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:MUFFATTO, MORENO
Supervisor:MUFFATTO, MORENO
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 30 > Corsi 30 > INGEGNERIA ECONOMICO GESTIONALE
Data di deposito della tesi:29 January 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:28 January 2018
Key Words:Informal entrepreneurship – Formal entrepreneurship - Formal institutions – Regulatory burden – Property rights - Latinobarómetro.
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/35 Ingegneria economico-gestionale
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale
Codice ID:11079
Depositato il:15 Nov 2018 16:57
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