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Elsherbiny, Ahmed (2018) Impact of Territorial Features on the Improvement of the Irrigation Efficiency:
"What Kind of Proximity is Relevant for Improving Irrigation?"
Case Study in Beheira Governorate, Egypt.
[Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (english)

This dissertation explores the possible differential influence of territorial features on the performance of irrigation improvement programs in Egypt. The study was conducted in El-Mahmoudia main canal, Beheira governorate which is one of the command areas in Nile Delta where Integrated Irrigation Improvement and Management Project (IIIMP) was applied in accordance with the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Three branch canals on El-Mahmoudia main canal were purposively selected to represent the current situation of improved and unimproved irrigation systems. The first is a successful improved branch canal (Kafr Nikla); the second is relatively less successful improved branch canal (Besentway), and; the third one is unimproved sub-branch canal from El-Mahmoudia canal (Ganabet Bastara & El Ziana).
A simple random sample of 220 water users (25%) was drawn from the total estimated number of water users on the selected branch canals (160 from improved branch canals and 60 for unimproved ones). Mesqas' locations on branch canals, and water users' land locations on mesqas (upstream/ midstream/ downstream) were taken into account to represent the current situation of irrigation systems in these areas. Data were collected through personal interviews by using a semi-structured questionnaire designed and pretested to achieve the study objectives.
Findings indicate that in improved areas, there are statistically significant and positive correlations between specific proximity dimensions (cognitive, and social) and each of IIIMP and BCWUAs' performances. Meanwhile, results point to a significant positive relationship between organizational proximity and IIIMP performance.
Among the different proximity dimensions, there are significant positive relationships between: cognitive and social; cognitive and organizational, and; social and organizational proximities.
Comparing the studied branch canals (Nikla and Besentway) within two different territories, there is a significant positive correlation between social proximity and mesqas' geographical location of the successful branch canal (Nikla). However, there are significant and negative relationships between Besentway's mesqas geographical locations and each of: cognitive proximity, social proximity, and IIIMPs' performance.
These findings lead to an empirical evidence that cognitive, social, and organizational proximities have a strong role in supporting the implementation of IWRM.

Abstract (italian)

Questa dissertazione esplora la possibile influenza differenziale delle caratteristiche territoriali sulla performance dei programmi di miglioramento dell'irrigazione in Egitto. Lo studio è stato condotto nel canale principale di El-Mahmoudia, nel governatorato di Beheira, una delle aree di comando del delta del Nilo, dove è stato applicato il progetto di miglioramento e gestione dell'irrigazione integrata (IIIMP) in conformità con i principi della gestione integrata delle risorse idriche (IWRM). Tre canali di diramazione sul canale principale di El-Mahmoudia sono stati scelti appositamente per rappresentare la situazione attuale di sistemi di irrigazione migliorati e non migliorati. Il primo è un canale di diramazione migliorato con successo (Kafr Nikla); il secondo è un canale di diramazione migliorato relativamente meno riuscito (Besentway), e; il terzo è un canale sub-branch non migliorato dal canale El-Mahmoudia (Ganabet Bastara e El Ziana).
Un campione casuale semplice di 220 utenti di acqua (25%) è stato estratto dal numero totale stimato di utenti di acqua sui canali di diramazione selezionati (160 da canali di diramazione migliorati e 60 per canali non migliorati). Le posizioni di Mesqas sui canali delle filiali e le località terrestri degli utenti di acqua su mesqas (a monte / a valle / a valle) sono state prese in considerazione per rappresentare la situazione attuale dei sistemi di irrigazione in queste aree. I dati sono stati raccolti attraverso interviste personali utilizzando un questionario semi-strutturato progettato e pretestato per raggiungere gli obiettivi dello studio.
I risultati indicano che nelle aree migliorate esistono correlazioni statisticamente significative e positive tra le dimensioni di prossimità specifiche (cognitive e sociali) e ciascuna delle prestazioni dell'IIMP e delle BCWUA. Nel frattempo, i risultati indicano una significativa relazione positiva tra prossimità organizzativa e rendimento dell'IIMP.
Tra le diverse dimensioni di prossimità, vi sono relazioni positive significative tra: cognitive e sociali; cognitivo e organizzativo, e; prossimità sociale e organizzativa.
Confrontando i canali delle diramazioni studiati (Nikla e Besentway) all'interno di due diversi territori, esiste una significativa correlazione positiva tra la prossimità sociale e la posizione geografica dei mesqas del canale branch di successo (Nikla). Tuttavia, vi sono relazioni significative e negative tra le località geografiche di Besentway e ognuna delle seguenti: prossimità cognitiva, prossimità sociale e prestazioni degli IIIMP.
Queste scoperte portano a una prova empirica che le distanze cognitive, sociali e organizzative hanno un ruolo importante nel supportare l'attuazione dell'IWRM.

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EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Faggi, Pierpaolo
Supervisor:Nawar, Mohamed
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 30 > Corsi 30 > STUDI STORICI, GEOGRAFICI E ANTROPOLOGICI
Data di deposito della tesi:20 February 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:20 February 2018
Key Words:Territorial features, IWRM, Irrigation system, Proximity, Egypt
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 14 - Scienze politiche e sociali > SPS/07 Sociologia generale
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche, Geografiche e dell'Antichità
Codice ID:11172
Depositato il:25 Oct 2018 16:13
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