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Ravenni, Andrea (2018) Glimpsing at the primordial perturbation field. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (italian or english)

In this thesis I will focus on ``non-minimal'' properties of the primordial perturbation field;
both analysing data, and assessing the constraining power of novel probes.
In particular, I will address the problem of finding deviations from a power-law primordial power spectrum, the possibility of better constraining compensated isocurvature perturbations, and detect primordial non-Gaussianity in an ample range of scales.

I present a minimally parametric, model independent reconstruction of the shape of the primordial power spectrum.
We use a comprehensive set of the state-of the art cosmological data:
\Planck observations of the temperature and polarisation anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB),
WiggleZ and Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 galaxy power spectra,
and the Canada-France-Hawaii Lensing Survey correlation function.
This reconstruction strongly supports the evidence for a power law primordial power spectrum with a red tilt and disfavours deviations from a power law power spectrum including small-scale power suppression such as that induced by significantly massive neutrinos.
This offers a powerful confirmation of the inflationary paradigm, justifying the adoption of the inflationary prior in cosmological analyses.

We develop a linear perturbation theory for the spectral $y$-distortions of the CMB.
The $y$-distortions generated during the recombination epoch are usually negligible because the energy transfer due to the Compton scattering is strongly suppressed at that time, but they can be significant if there is are compensated isocurvature perturbations with large amplitude.
Since $y$-distortions explicitly depend on the baryon density fluctuations, they can be used to detect and constrain compensated isocurvature perturbations (CIPs) models.
We compute the cross correlation functions of the $y$-distortions with the CMB temperature and the $E$-mode polarization anisotropies ($T$, $E$ respectively).
We investigate how well measurements of $y$-anisotropies provided by a
PIXIE-like and a PRISM-like survey,
LiteBIRD, and a cosmic variance limited (CVL) survey, will constrain $f'=\Delta^2_{\zeta \text{CIP}}/\Delta^2_{\zeta \zeta}$,
and find that the degradation in constraining power due to the presence of Sunyaev Zel’dovich effect from galaxy clusters
will prevent detections unless the amplitude of CIP is unnaturally high, with forecasted upper limits of, \eg
$f'<2 \times 10^5$ (68\% C.L.) with LiteBIRD, and $f'<2 \times 10^4$ (68\% C.L.) with CVL observations.

Cross-correlations between CMB temperature and $y$-distortions anisotropies have been previously proposed as a way to measure the local bispectrum parameter $\fnl^\text{loc}$ in a range of scales much smaller than those accessible to CMB primary anisotropies.
Unfortunately, the primordial $y$-$T$ signal is strongly contaminated by the late-time correlation between the Integrated Sachs Wolfe and \SZ (SZ) effects.
Moreover, SZ itself generates a large noise contribution in the $y$-parameter map.
We consider two original ways to address these issues:
To remove the bias due to the SZ-CMB temperature coupling, while also adding new signal, we include in the analysis the $y$-$E$ cross-correlation.
In order to reduce the noise, we propose to clean the $y$-map by subtracting a SZ template, reconstructed via cross-correlation with external tracers.
We combine this SZ template subtraction with the previously adopted solution of directly masking detected clusters.
Our forecasts show that, using $y$-distortions, a PRISM-like survey can achieve $\fnl^\text{loc} < 300$ (68\% C.L.), while an ideal experiment will achieve $\fnl^\text{loc} < 130$, with improvements of a factor $\sim 3$ from adding the $y$-$E$ signal, and a further $20 \sim 30 \%$ from template cleaning.
These forecasts are much worse than current $\fnl^\text{loc}$ boundaries from Planck, but we stress again that they refer to completely different scales.

Abstract (a different language)

Nella presente tesi studierò proprietà non minimali del campo di perturbazioni primordiali; sia analizzando dati che valutando la capacità di futuri esperimenti di vincolare modelli cosmologici.

Statistiche Download
EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Bartolo, Nicola
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 31 > Corsi 31 > FISICA
Data di deposito della tesi:29 November 2018
Anno di Pubblicazione:29 November 2018
Key Words:Cosmology
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/05 Astronomia e astrofisica
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "Galileo Galilei"
Codice ID:11491
Depositato il:07 Nov 2019 17:59
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