Elsayed, Hamada and Javed, Hassan and Sabato , Antonio G. and Smeacetto, Federico and Bernardo, Enrico (2018) Novel glass-ceramic SOFC sealants from glass powders and a reactive silicone binder. [Journal papers (printed)]
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Abstract (italian or english)
The processing of sintered ceramics is often conditioned by the debinding step. The binders may determine some defects in the final product directly, by causing some gas evolution even at an advanced state of densification, due to incomplete decomposition at low temperature, or indirectly, by offering poor adhesion between particles, so that ‘green’ compacts may be easily damaged. The present investigation is aimed at exploring a novel concept for sintered glass-ceramics, based on the adoption of a silicone polymer as reacting binder, providing an abundant ceramic residue after firing. A glass belonging to the CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system, already studied as a sealant in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) planar stack design, was reproduced in form of ‘silica-defective’ variants, featuring a SiO2 content, in the overall formulation, reduced up to 15 wt%. The overall silica content was recovered by mixing powders of the new glasses with the silicone: upon firing in air, the interaction between glass powders and polymer-derived silica led to glass-ceramics with the same phase assemblage than that formed by the reference glass and with a CTE of 9.5 × 10−6 K-1. The new approach has been successfully applied to the manufacturing of glass-ceramic seals as joining materials for solid oxide cells.
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