Go to the content. | Move to the navigation | Go to the site search | Go to the menu | Contacts | Accessibility

| Create Account

Tolomio, Massimo (2018) Evaluation of long-term water management strategies for saving water and reducing nitrogen and phosphorus losses from agricultural fields: controlled drainage and surface flow constructed wetland case studies in Venice Lagoon drainage basin. [Ph.D. thesis]

Full text disponibile come:

[img]
Preview
PDF Document - Accepted Version
4Mb

Abstract (italian or english)

In in contesto di carenza idrica e di inquinamento delle acque superficiali causato dalle attività agricole, devono essere identificate nuove pratiche di gestione delle risorse idriche che rispondano a queste problematiche e possano essere utilizzate in diversi ambienti.
Il bacino idrografico della Laguna di Venezia (nell'Italia nord-orientale) è un'area sensibile all'inquinamento delle acque superficiali. La prevalenza di terreni pianeggianti e la presenza di una falda freatica superficiale, tuttavia, suggeriscono condizioni idonee per la realizzazione di due pratiche di gestione idrica per la riduzione dei carichi di N e P provenienti dalle aree agricole: il drenaggio controllato (controlled drainage: CD) e le wetland artificiali a flusso superficiale (surface flow constructed wetlands: SFCWs). Il monitoraggio di lungo periodo delle performance di queste pratiche è necessario per fornire risultati di validità generale, che non siano condizionati dalla variabilità meteorologica annuale.
Questo lavoro valuta le performance di un sistema di CD e di SFCW in un esperimento di lungo periodo. Il CD è stato monitorato durante i periodi 1995-2002 e 2006-2013, in termini di bilancio idrico e di resa delle colture, e dal 2007 al 2013 anche per le perdite di N e P. La SFCW è stata monitorata dal 2007 al 2013 per la riduzione dei carichi di N e P.
Il CD ha permesso di ridurre i deflussi idrici del 69% e ha determinato un aumento complessivo della resa di granella di mais del 26,3%, e della resa di mais da insilato del 4,0%. Le perdite di NO3-N e PO4-P nelle acque superficiali sono state ridotte rispettivamente del 92% e del 65%.
La SFCW ha mostrato tassi di rimozione annui apparenti dell'83% e del 79% rispettivamente per NO3-N e N totale, e del 48% e del 67% rispettivamente per PO4-P e P totale.
Sia il CD che la SFCW si sono rivelati efficaci nel ridurre i carichi inquinanti di N e P, ed il CD ha anche contribuito ad aumentare la resa delle colture attraverso il risparmio idrico. Per questi motivi, l'applicazione di queste due pratiche di gestione idrica è da prendersi in considerazione in questo ambiente.

Abstract (a different language)

In the context of increasing water scarcity and surface water pollution caused by agricultural activities, new water management practices that tackle these issues and that could be used in different environments should be identified.
The Venice Lagoon drainage basin (in north-eastern Italy) is a sensitive area to surface water pollution. The prevalence of flat lands and the presence of shallow phreatic groundwaters, however, create suitable conditions for the implementation of two water management practices that can reduce N and P loads coming from agricultural fields: controlled drainage (CD) and surface flow constructed wetlands (SFCWs). Long-term monitoring of the performances of these practices is required to provide sound results that are not contingent on annual weather variability.
This work evaluates the performances of a CD and SFCW system in a long-term experiment. CD was monitored during the periods 1995-2002 and 2006-2013 for water balance and crop yield, and from 2007 to 2013 for N and P losses. The SFCW was monitored from 2007 to 2013 for N and P removal loads.
CD permitted to reduce water outflows of 69%, and provided an overall increase in maize grain yield of 26.3% and in silage maize yield of 4.0%. NO3-N and PO4-P losses to surface waters were reduced by 92% and 65%, respectively.
The SFCW showed annual apparent removal rates of 83% and 79% respectively for NO3-N and total N, and of 48% and 67% respectively for PO4-P and total P.
Both CD and SFCW proved effective in reducing N and P loads, and CD helped increasing crop yield through water saving. For these reasons, the application of these two water management practices is advisable in this environment.

Statistiche Download
EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Borin, Maurizio
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 31 > Corsi 31 > SCIENZE DELLE PRODUZIONI VEGETALI
Data di deposito della tesi:22 May 2019
Anno di Pubblicazione:29 September 2018
Key Words:qualità dell'acqua, drenaggio, produzioni colturali, fitodepurazione, azoto, fosforo / water quality, drainage, crop yield, phytodepuration, nitrogen, phosphorus
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Agronomia Animali Alimenti Risorse Naturali e Ambiente
Codice ID:11947
Depositato il:06 Nov 2019 12:06
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format

Bibliografia

I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

Ale, S., Bowling, L.C., Brouder, S.M., Frankenberger, J.R., Youssef, M.A., 2009. Simulated effect of drainage water management operational strategy on hydrology and crop yield for Drummer soil in the Midwestern United States. Agric. Water Manag. 96, 653-665. Cerca con Google

APAT-IRSA/CNR, 2003. Metodi analitici per le acque. Manuali e linee guida, vol. 29. ISBN: 88- 448-0083-7. Cerca con Google

Ayars, J.E., Christen, E.W., Hornbuckle, J.W., 2006. Controlled drainage for improved water management in arid regions irrigated agriculture. Agric. Water Manag. 86, 128-139. Cerca con Google

Baker, J.L., Johnson, H.P., 1981. Nitrate-Nitrogen in Tile Drainage as Affected by Fertilization. J. Environ. Qual. 10, 519-522. Cerca con Google

Bennington, C.C., Thayne, W.V., 1994. Use and Misuse of Mixed Model Analysis of Variance in Ecological Studies. Ecology 75, 717–722. Cerca con Google

Berti, A., Tardivo, G., Chiaudani, A., Rech, F., Borin, M., 2014. Assessing reference evapotranspiration by the Hargreaves method in north-eastern Italy. Agric. Water Manag. 140, 20-25. Cerca con Google

Blaas, H., Kroeze, C., 2016. Excessive nitrogen and phosphorus in European rivers: 2000–2050. Ecol. Indic. 67, 328-337. Cerca con Google

Boesch, D.F., Brinsfield., R.B., 2000. Coastal eutrophication and agriculture: Contributions and solutions. In: Balzs, E., Galante, E., Lynch, J.M., Schepers, J.S., Toutant, J.P., Werner D., Werry P.A.T.J. (eds.), Biological resource management: Connecting science and policy. Springer– Verlag, Berlin, Germany, pp. 93–115. Cerca con Google

Bonaiti, G., Borin, M., 2010. Efficiency of controlled drainage and subirrigation in reducing nitrogen losses from agricultural fields. Agric. Water Manag. 98, 343-352. Cerca con Google

Borin M., Abud M.F., 2009. Sistemas naturales para el control de la contaminación difusa. In: Penuela G., Morato J., Manual de tecnologías sostenibles en tratamiento de aguas. Tecspar project, Medellin, Colombia, pp 45-55. ISBN/ISSN: 978-958-44-5307-5. Cerca con Google

Borin, M., Bonaiti, G., Giardini, L., 2001. Controlled drainage and wetlands to reduce agricultural pollution. J. Environ. Qual. 30, 1330-1340. Cerca con Google

Borin, M., Bonaiti, G., Giardini, L., 2002. Water conservation and crop production under controlled drainage and subirrigation: five years' experience in NE Italy. Ital. J. Agron. 7, 111-118. Cerca con Google

Borin, M., Giardini, L., Ceccon, P., Mannini, P., Guidoboni, G., 1997. Pipe drainage in the Eastern Padano-Veneta plain in north-east Italy. Irrig. Drain. Syst. 11, 61-81. Cerca con Google

Borin, M., Morari, F., Bonaiti, G., Paasch, M., Skaggs, R.W., 2000. Analysis of DRAINMOD performances with different detail of soil input data in the Veneto region of Italy. Agric. Water Manag. 42, 259-272. Cerca con Google

Borin, M., Tocchetto, D., 2007. Five year water and nitrogen balance for a constructed surface flow wetland treating agricultural drainage waters. Sci. Total Environ. 380, 38-47. Cerca con Google

Braskerud, B.C., 2002. Factors affecting nitrogen retention in small constructed wetlands treating agricultural non-point source pollution. Ecol. Eng. 18, 351-370. Cerca con Google

Brix, H., 1997. Do macrophytes play a role in constructed treatment wetlands? Water Sci. Technol. 35, 11-17. Cerca con Google

Cannell, R.Q., Belford, R.K., Gales, K., Dennis, C.W., Prew, R.D., 1980. Effects of waterlogging at different stages of development on the growth and yield of winter wheat. J. Sci. Food Agric. 31, 117–132. Cerca con Google

Carpani, M., Giupponi, C., Trevisiol, P., 2008. Evaluation of agri-environmental measures in the Venice Lagoon watershed. Nitrogen budgets and surplus indicators. Ital. J. Agron. 3, 167-182. Cerca con Google

Clesceri, L.S., Greenberg A.E., Trussel, R.R. (Eds.), 1989. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 17th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA. Cerca con Google

Cooke, R., Verma, S., 2012. Performance of drainage water management systems in Illinois, United States. J. Soil Water Conserv. 67, 453-464. Cerca con Google

Council Directive 1991/676/EEC, 1991. Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. Official Journal of the European Communities L 375, 31/12/1991, pp. 1-8. Cerca con Google

Council Directive 2000/60/EC, 2000. Council Directive 2000/676 of 23 October 200 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Communities L 327, 22/12/2000, pp. 1-73. Cerca con Google

Delbecq, B.A., Brown, J.P., Florax, R.J., Kladivko, E.J., Nistor, A.P., Lowenberg-DeBoer, J.M., 2012. The impact of drainage water management technology on corn yields. Agronomy journal 104, 1100-1109. Cerca con Google

Dodds, W.K., Smith, V.H., 2016. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and eutrophication in streams. Inl. Waters 6, 155-164. Cerca con Google

Drury, C.F., Tan, C.S., Gaynor, J.D., Oloya, T.O., Welacky, T.W., 1996. Influence of controlled drainage-subirrigation on surface and tile drainage nitrate loss. J. Environ. Qual. 25, 317-324. Cerca con Google

Drury, C.F., Tan, C.S., Reynolds, W.D., Welacky, T.W., Oloya, T.O., Gaynor, J.D., 2009. Managing tile drainage, subirrigation, and nitrogen fertilization to enhance crop yields and reduce nitrate loss. J. Environ. Qual. 38, 1193–1204. Cerca con Google

Drury, C.F., Tan, C.S., Welacky, T.W., Reynolds, W.D., Zhang, T.Q., Oloya, T.O., McLaughlin, N.B., Gaynor, J.D., 2014. Reducing nitrate loss in tile drainage water with cover crops and water-table management systems. J. Environ. Qual. 43, 587-598. Cerca con Google

Evans, R.O., Gilliam, J.W., Skaggs, R.W., 1989. Effects of agricultural water table management on drainage water quality. Rep. No. 237, North Carolina Water Resour. Res. Inst., Raleigh, N.C., USA. Cerca con Google

Evans, R.O., Skaggs, R.W., Gilliam, J.W., 1995. Controlled versus conventional drainage effects on water quality. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 121, 271-276. Cerca con Google

Fabeiro, C., De Santa Olalla, F.M., López, R., Domınguez, A., 2003. Production and quality of the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cultivated under controlled deficit irrigation conditions in a semi- arid climate Agric. Water Manag. 62, 215-227. Cerca con Google

Fisher, J., Acreman, M.C., 2004. Wetland nutrient removal: a review of the evidence. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss. 8, 673-685. Cerca con Google

Fouss, J.L., Evans, R.O., Belcher, H.W., 1999. Design of controlled drainage and subirrigation facilities for water table management. In: Skaggs, R.W., van Schilfgaarde, J. (Eds.), Agricultural Drainage. Agron. Monogr. 38. ASA, CSSA and SSSA, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 719-742. Cerca con Google

Frankenberger, J., Kladivko, E., Sands, G., Jaynes, D.B., Fausey, N., Helmers, M.J., Cooke R., Strock J., Nelson K., Brown, L., 2006. Drainage Water Management for the Midwest: Questions and Answers About Drainage Water Management for the Midwest. Purdue Extension, West Lafayette, IN, USA. Cerca con Google

Gilliam, J.W., Skaggs, R.W., 1986. Controlled agricultural drainage to maintain water quality. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 112, 254–263. Cerca con Google

Gilliam, J.W., Skaggs, R.W., Weed, S.B., 1979. Drainage Control to Diminish Nitrate Loss from Agricultural Fields 1. J. Environ. Qual. 8, 137-142. Cerca con Google

Hatfield, J.L., Cruse, R.M., Tomer, M.D., 2013. Convergence of agricultural intensification and climate change in the Midwestern United States: implications for soil and water conservation. Mar. Freshw. Res. 64, 423-435. Cerca con Google

Helmers, M., Christianson, R., Brenneman, G., Lockett, D., Pederson, C., 2012. Water table, drainage, and yield response to drainage water management in southeast Iowa. J. Soil Water Conserv. 67, 495-501. Cerca con Google

Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M., 2012. The water footprint of humanity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 3232-3237. Cerca con Google

Hornbuckle, J.W., Christen, E.W., Ayars, J.E., Faulkner, R.D., 2005. Controlled water table management as a strategy for reducing salt loads from subsurface drainage under perennial agriculture in semi-arid Australia. Irrig. Drain. Syst. 19, 145-159. Cerca con Google

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2014. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014. International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. FAO, Rome, Italy. Cerca con Google

Jahani, B., Soltani Mohammadi, A., Nasseri, A.A., Van Oel, P.R., Sadeghi Lari, A., 2017. Reduction of sugarcane water footprint by controlled drainage, in Khuzestan, Iran. Irrig. Drain. 66, 884-895. Cerca con Google

Kadlec, R.H., Knight, R., Vymazal, J., Brix, H., Cooper, P., Haberl, R., 2017. Constructed wetlands for pollution control. IWA publishing, London, UK. Cerca con Google

Kadlec, R.H., Wallace, S., 2008. Treatment wetlands, second edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. Cerca con Google

Kalita, P.K., Kanwar, R.S., 1993. Effect of water-table management practices on the transport of nitrate-N to shallow groundwater. Trans. ASABE 36, 413-422. Cerca con Google

King, K.W., Williams, M.R., Macrae, M.L., Fausey, N.R., Frankenberger, J., Smith, D.R., Kleinman, P.J., Brown, L.C., 2015. Phosphorus transport in agricultural subsurface drainage: A review. J. Environ. Qual. 44, 467-485. Cerca con Google

Konyha, K.D., Skaggs, R.W., Gilliam, J.W., 1992. Effects of drainage and water-management practices on hydrology. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 118, 807-819. Cerca con Google

Lalonde, V., Madramootoo, C.A., Trenholm, L., Broughton, R.S., 1996. Effects of controlled drainage on nitrate concentrations in subsurface drain discharge. Agric. Water Manag. 29, 187- 199. Cerca con Google

Land, M., Granéli, W., Grimvall, A., Hoffmann, C.C., Mitsch, W.J., Tonderski, K.S., Verhoeven, J.T., 2016. How effective are created or restored freshwater wetlands for nitrogen and phosphorus removal? A systematic review. Environ. Evid. 5, 9. Cerca con Google

Lavrnić, S., Braschi, I., Anconelli, S., Blasioli, S., Solimando, D., Mannini, P., Toscano, A., 2018. Long-Term Monitoring of a Surface Flow Constructed Wetland Treating Agricultural Drainage Water in Northern Italy. Water 10, 644. Cerca con Google

Lu, C., 2015. Modeling surface runoff and subsurface tile drainage under drainage and controlled drainage with sub-irrigation in southern Ontario. Doctoral dissertation, McGill University. Cerca con Google

Madramootoo, C.A., Dodds, G.T., Papadopoulos, A., 1993. Agronomic and environmental benefits of water-table management. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 119, 1052-1065. Cerca con Google

Maurer, M., Boller, M., 1999. Modelling of phosphorus precipitation in wastewater treatment plants with enhanced biological phosphorus removal. Water Sci. Technol. 39, 147-163. Cerca con Google

McDowell, R.W., 2012. Minimising phosphorus losses from the soil matrix. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 23, 860-865. Cerca con Google

Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y., 2011. The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 15, 1577-1600. Cerca con Google

Mitsch, W.J., Zhang, L., Stefanik, K.C., Nahlik, A.M., Anderson, C.J., Bernal, B., Hernandez, M, Song, K., 2012. Creating wetlands: primary succession, water quality changes, and self-design over 15 years. Bioscience 62, 237-250. Cerca con Google

Passoni, M., Morari, F., Salvato, M., Borin, M., 2009. Medium-term evolution of soil properties in a constructed surface flow wetland with fluctuating hydroperiod in North Eastern Italy. Desalination 246, 215-225. Cerca con Google

Patrick, W.H., Khalid, R.A., 1974. Phosphate release and sorption by soils and sediments: effect of aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Science 186, 53-55. Cerca con Google

Pierce, F.J., Nowak, P., 1999. Aspects of precision agriculture. Adv. Agron. 67, 1-85. Cerca con Google

Pijl, A., Brauer, C.C., Sofia, G., Teuling, A.J., Tarolli, P., 2018. Hydrologic impacts of changing land use and climate in the Veneto lowlands of Italy. Anthropocene 22, 20-30. Cerca con Google

Poole, C.A., 2015. The Effect of Controlled Drainage on Crop Yields and Nitrate Nitrogen Losses on Drained Lands in Eastern North Carolina. Doctoral thesis, North Carolina State University. Cerca con Google

Poole, C.A., Skaggs, R.W., Cheschier, G.M., Youssef, M.A., Crozier, C.R., 2013. Effects of drainage water management on crop yields in North Carolina. J. Soil Water Conserv. 68, 429- 437. Cerca con Google

Poole, C.A., Skaggs, R.W., Youssef, M.A., Chescheir, G.M., Crozier, C.R., 2018. Effect of Drainage Water Management on Nitrate Nitrogen Loss to Tile Drains in North Carolina. Trans. ASABE 61, 233-244. Cerca con Google

R Core Team, 2018. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/. Vai! Cerca con Google

Reddy, K.R., DeBusk, T.A., 1987. State-of-the-art utilization of aquatic plants in water pollution control. Water Sci. Technol. 19, 61-79. Cerca con Google

Reddy, K.R., Kadlec, R.H., Flaig, E., Gale, P.M., 1999. Phosphorus retention in streams and wetlands: a review. Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol. 29, 83-146. Cerca con Google

Robertson, G.P., Groffman, P.M., 2015. Nitrogen transformations. In: Paul, E.A. (Ed.), Soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry. Fourth edition. Academic Press, Burlington, Massachusetts, USA, pp 421-446. Cerca con Google

Robertson, G.P., Harwood, R.R., 2013. Agriculture, Sustainable. In: Levin, S.A. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, second ed. Academic Press, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 111–118. Cerca con Google

Rockström, J., Steffen, W., Noone, K., Persson, Å., Chapin III, F.S., Lambin, E.F., Lenton, T.M., Scheffer, M., Folke, C., Schellnhuber, H.J., Nykvist, B., de Wit, C.A., Hughes, T., van der Leeuw, S., Rodhe, H., Sörlin, S., Snyder, P.K., Costanza, R., Svedin, U., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., Corell, R.W., Fabry, V.J., Hansen, J., Walker, B., Liverman, D., Richardson, K., Crutzen, P., Foley, J.A., 2009. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461, 472-475. Cerca con Google

Ross, J.A., Herbert, M.E., Sowa, S.P., Frankenberger, J.R., King, K.W., Christopher, S.F., Tank, J.L., Arnold, J.G., White, M.J., Yen, H., 2016. A synthesis and comparative evaluation of factors influencing the effectiveness of drainage water management. Agric. Water Manag. 178, 366-376. Cerca con Google

Rubel, F., Brugger, K., Haslinger, K., Auer, I., 2017. The climate of the European Alps: Shift of very high resolution Köppen-Geiger climate zones 1800–2100. Meteorol. Z. 26, 115-125. Cerca con Google

Saadat, S., Bowling, L., Frankenberger, J., Kladivko, E., 2018. Nitrate and phosphorus transport through subsurface drains under free and controlled drainage. Water Res. 142, 196-207. Cerca con Google

Salvato, M., 2010. Performance of wetland systems in reducing agricultural nitrogen pollution. Doctoral thesis, Dept. Env. Agron., Univ. of Padova, Italy. Cerca con Google

Sands, G., 2001. Soil water concepts. Bull. 07644-S. Univ. of Minnesota Coop. Ext. Serv., St. Paul., MN, USA. Cerca con Google

Sharpley, A., Moyer, B., 2000. Phosphorus forms in manure and compost and their release during simulated rainfall. J. Environ. Qual. 29, 1462-1469. Cerca con Google

Skaggs, R.W., Fausey, N.R., Evans, R.O., 2012. Drainage water management. J. Soil Water Conserv. 67, 167–172. Cerca con Google

StatSoft, Inc, 2007. STATISTICA (Data Analysis Software System), Version 8.0. www.statsoft.com. Vai! Cerca con Google

Steffen, W., Richardson, K., Rockström, J., Cornell, S.E., Fetzer, I., Bennett, E.M., Biggs, R., Carpenter, S.R., de Vries, W., de Wit, C.A., Folke, C., Gerten, D., Heinke, J., Mace, G.M., Persson, L.M., Ramanathan V., Reyers, B., Sörlin, S., 2015. Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science 347, 1259855. Cerca con Google

Tan, C.S., Drury, C.F., Soultani, M., Van Wesenbeeck, I.J., Ng, H.Y.F., Gaynor, J.D., Welacky, T.W., 1998. Effect of controlled drainage and tillage on soil structure and tile drainage nitrate loss at the field scale. Water Sci. Technol. 38, 103-110. Cerca con Google

Tan, C.S., Zhang, T.Q., 2011. Surface runoff and sub-surface drainage phosphorus losses under regular free drainage and controlled drainage with sub-irrigation systems in southern Ontario. Can. J. Soil Sci. 91, 349-359. Cerca con Google

Tanner, C.C., Nguyen, M.L., Sukias, J.P.S., 2005. Nutrient removal by a constructed wetland treating subsurface drainage from grazed dairy pasture. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 105, 145-162. Cerca con Google

Tanner, C.C., Sukias, J.P.S., Yates, C.R., 2010. New Zealand guidelines: Constructed wetland treatment of tile drainage. NIWA Information Series No. 75. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd. Cerca con Google

Thorp, K.R., Jaynes, D.B., Malone, R.W., 2008. Simulating the long-term performance of drainage water management across the Midwestern United States. Trans. ASABE 51, 961-976. Cerca con Google

Tolomio, M., Borin, M., 2018a. Water table management to save water and reduce nutrient losses from agricultural fields: 6 years of experience in North-Eastern Italy. Agric. Water Manag. 201, 1–10. Cerca con Google

Tolomio, M., Borin, M., 2018b. Controlled drainage and crop production in a long-term experiment in North-Eastern Italy. Manuscript submitted for publication. Cerca con Google

Tournebize, J., Chaumont, C., Mander, Ü., 2017. Implications for constructed wetlands to mitigate nitrate and pesticide pollution in agricultural drained watersheds. Ecol. Eng. 103, 415-425. Cerca con Google

Vamerali, T., Guarise, M., Ganis, A., Mosca, G., 2009. Effects of water and nitrogen management on fibrous root distribution and turnover in sugar beet. Eur. J. Agron. 31, 69-76. Cerca con Google

Vymazal, J., 2007. Removal of nutrients in various types of constructed wetlands. Sci. Total Environ. 380, 48-65. Cerca con Google

Vymazal, J., 2013. Emergent plants used in free water surface constructed wetlands: a review. Ecol. Eng. 61, 582-592. Cerca con Google

Vymazal, J., 2017. The use of constructed wetlands for nitrogen removal from agricultural drainage: a review. Sci. Agric. Bohem. 48, 82-91. Cerca con Google

Wallace, S.D., Knight, R.L., 2006. Small-scale constructed wetland treatment systems: feasibility, design criteria and O & M requirements. IWA Publishing, Alexandria, VA, USA. Cerca con Google

Wesström, I., Joel, A., Messing, I., 2014. Controlled drainage and subirrigation - A water management option to reduce non-point source pollution from agricultural land. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 198, 74-82. Cerca con Google

Wesström, I., Messing, I., 2007. Effects of controlled drainage on N and P losses and N dynamics in a loamy sand with spring crops. Agric. Water Manag. 87, 229–240. Cerca con Google

Wesström, I., Messing, I., Linner, H., Lindström, J., 2001. Controlled drainage - effects on drain outflow and water quality. Agric. Water Manag. 47, 85-100. Cerca con Google

World Health Organization, 2011. Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 4th ed. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Cerca con Google

World Water Assessment Programme, 2009. The United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in a Changing World. Paris: UNESCO, and London: Earthscan. Cerca con Google

Xiao, M.H., Yu, S.E., She, D., Hu, X.J., Chu, L.L., 2015. Nitrogen and phosphorus loss and optimal drainage time of paddy field under controlled drainage condition. Arab. J. Geosci. 8, 4411-4420. Cerca con Google

Zak, D., Wagner, C., Payer, B., Augustin, J., & Gelbrecht, J., 2010. Phosphorus mobilization in rewetted fens: the effect of altered peat properties and implications for their restoration. Ecol. Appl. 20, 1336-1349. Cerca con Google

Zanello, F., Teatini, P., Putti, M., Gambolati, G., 2011. Long term peatland subsidence: Experimental study and modeling scenarios in the Venice coastland. J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surface 116, F04002. Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record