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Dal Checco, Monia (2019) Post-Authenticity: The Collapse of Authentic Blackness in the Post-Soul Memoir. [Ph.D. thesis]

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Abstract (italian or english)

“Oreo,” “white-black,” “Uncle Tom” or “sellout” are just a few of the derogatory terms used to refer to someone who is black but “acts white.” Today more than ever, blackness seems to be a slippery concept, and the proliferation of terms that denote someone who is “inauthentic” go hand in hand with discussions about the (in)authentic blackness of public figures. Although the general trend seems to be that of denying the validity of every notion of racial authenticity, this trend coexists with a need to define blackness, pin it down, establish boundaries, even if these boundaries are accepted as fluid and permeable. My dissertation focuses on an analysis of the notion of “authentic blackness” in African American contemporary memoirs, especially those that can be read as post-soul literature. Specifically, I base my definition of post-soul on the parameters established by Bertram Ashe in 2007, that is, I consider as “post-soul” texts that:
- have been written by authors who were born or came of age during or after the Civil Rights Movement and were raised in a multicultural, integrated environment
-stage what Ashe calls “blaxploration,” that is a desire to investigate, (re)define and de-essentialize blackness
-carry on blaxploration through the execution of “allusion-disruption gestures,” namely the author mentions tropes of traditional blackness, only to contradict them shortly after in order to show the untenable nature of their supposed authenticity.
My idea is that the memoir is a privileged genre to investigate authenticity, partly because of the long and complex history of the genre in African American literature, partly because memoirs reflect on what happens when blackness is embodied, and on the consequences of this embodiment in a racist and capitalist society. Aim of the project is to explore racial authenticity in the contemporary scene, keeping in mind how the concept has shifted over time and analyzing how it can be retraced in the production of contemporary African American memoirists. My main argument is that performances of racial identity emerge out of specific sociopolitical situations in which the performer operates, and that these performances are perceived as ineffective or at least insufficient as a tool of identity construction in the contemporary era, so that every notion of authentic blackness is seen as circumstantial, fluid, and ultimately untenable.


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EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Scacchi, Anna
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 31 > Corsi 31 > SCIENZE LINGUISTICHE, FILOLOGICHE E LETTERARIE
Data di deposito della tesi:28 July 2019
Anno di Pubblicazione:08 May 2019
Key Words:African American, soul, memoir
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 10 - Scienze dell'antichità, filologico-letterarie e storico-artistiche > L-LIN/11 Lingue e letterature anglo-americane
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Letterari
Codice ID:11998
Depositato il:08 Nov 2019 11:24
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Selected Videography Cerca con Google

Barbershop. Directed by Tim Story, performances by Ice Cube and Cedric the Entertainer, MGM Distribution Co., 2002. Cerca con Google

Boomerang. Directed by Reginald Hudlin, performances by Eddie Murphy, Halle Berry, Grace Jones, Eartha Kitt, Paramount Pictures, 1992. Cerca con Google

CB4. Directed by Tamra Davis, performance by Chris Rock, Universal Pictures, 1993. Cerca con Google

Hall, Stuart. “Race, the Floating Signifier.” Directed and produced by Sut Jhally, Media Education Foundation, 1996. Cerca con Google

Life Support. Directed by Nelson George, performances by Queen Latifah and Tracee Ellis Ross, HBO, 2007. Cerca con Google

Little White Lie. Directed by Lacey Schwartz, produced by Truth Aid, 2014. Aired on PSB, 2015. Cerca con Google

Planet of Apes. Directed by Franklin J. Schaffner, 20th Century Fox, 1968. Cerca con Google

She’s Gotta Have It. Created by Spike Lee, Netflix, https://www.netflix.com/title/80117554, 2017. Vai! Cerca con Google

She’s Gotta Have It. Directed by Spike Lee, 40 Acres and a Mule, 1986. Cerca con Google

Sweet Sweetback’s Baadassss Song. Directed by Melvin Van Peebles, Cinemation Industries, 1971. Cerca con Google

The Color Purple. Directed by Steven Spielberg, performances by Whoopi Goldberg, Danny Glover, Oprah Winfrey, Warner Bros., 1985. Cerca con Google

“The Racial Draft.” Chappelle’s Show, season 2, episode 1, Written by Neal Brenna, directed by Neal Brennan and Rusty Cundieff, aired 21 Jan. 2004. Cerca con Google

Zulu. Directed by Cy Endfield, Paramount Pictures, 1964. Cerca con Google

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