Silan, Margherita and Bruno , Arpino and Giovanna , Boccuzzo (2020) Evaluating inverse propensity score weighting in the presence of many treatments. An application to the estimation of the neighbourhood effect. [Working Paper] WORKING PAPER SERIES, 5/2020 . , PADOVA
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Abstract (italian or english)
In this paper we consider the problem of estimating causal eects in a framework with many treatments through a simulation study. We engage in Monte Carlo simulations to evaluate the performance of inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) with 10 treatments, estimating the propensity scores using Generalised Boosted Models. We assess the performance of IPTW under three dierent scenarios representing treatment allocations, and compare it with a simple parametric approach, i.e., logistic regression. IPTW's estimates are less biased, even though they exhibit a higher variance than those based on logistic regression. Moreover, we apply IPTW to the estimation of the neighbourhood eect on the probability of older people experiencing hospitalised fractures by comparing 10 neighbourhoods in the city of Turin (Italy).
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