Go to the content. | Move to the navigation | Go to the site search | Go to the menu | Contacts | Accessibility

| Create Account

Piovesan, Rebecca (2008) Archaometrical investigations on mortars and paintings at Pompeii and experiments for the determination of the painting technique. [Ph.D. thesis]

Full text disponibile come:

[img]
Preview
Documento PDF
30Mb

Abstract (english)

Archaeometrical investigations were performed on 127 samples collected from the Temple of Venus at Pompeii, by means of OM, SEM, ESEM, XRD, micro-ATR, FT-IR, Mössbauer spectroscopy, EMPA and image analysis. The materials analysed were composed of mortars (from walls, floors and hydraulic structures) and paintings. The main aim of the research was to characterise these materials to determine the preparation recipes, the technological knowledge and the provenance of the raw materials. To this aim the aggregates identified in the mortars were petrographically compared with eighteen samples of sand from the Neapolitan coastline and from borehole cores performed in the area that lies in front of the Temple of Venus. A correlation between functionality and age of the structures and recipes of samples was also carried out. Experiments were also performed in order to recognise an objective method for the recognition of the fresco and the mezzofresco painting techniques. Results from experiments were tested against samples of paintings from the Chiaravalle Abbey (XIV century) for which the use of fresco, dry finishing and mezzofresco is well documented, and then compared with the paintings of the Temple of Venus.

Abstract (italian)

Numerosi campioni di malta e finiture pittoriche (127) provenienti da ambienti funzionalmente e cronologicamente differenti sono stati prelevati dal sito archeologico del Tempio di Venere a Pompei e sottoposti ad indagini OM, SEM, ESEM, XRD, micro-ATR, FT-IR, spettroscopia Mössbauer, EMPA e analisi di immagine. Lo scopo principale dello studio è stato quello di caratterizzate tali materiali per ricavare informazioni riguardanti le ricette di preparazione, le conoscenze tecnologiche e la provenienza delle materie prime. A tale scopo, l’aggregato identificato nelle malte analizzate è stato confrontato da un punto di vista petrografico con diciotto campioni di sabbia provenienti dalla costa napoletana e da sondaggi eseguiti nell’area prospiciente il tempio di Venere. Le ricette riconosciute sono state inoltre correlate con la funzionalità e l’età delle strutture architettoniche di provenienza.
Allo scopo di determinare una procedura analitica efficace per il riconoscimento delle tecniche pittoriche ad affresco e mezzofresco è stato inoltre svolto uno studio su campioni appositamente prodotti. I risultati di tale sperimentazione sono stati testati su cinque campioni provenienti dalla abbazia di Chiaravalle (Milano) per i quali dati storico-artistici confermano l’esecuzione secondo tecnica pittorica ad affresco, secco e mezzofresco. I criteri e la metodologia così ricavati sono stati applicati ai campioni di finiture pittoriche murarie provenienti dal tempio di Venere.

Statistiche Download - Aggiungi a RefWorks
EPrint type:Ph.D. thesis
Tutor:Mazzoli, Claudio
Ph.D. course:Ciclo 21 > Scuole per il 21simo ciclo > SCIENZE DELLA TERRA
Data di deposito della tesi:30 January 2009
Anno di Pubblicazione:2008
Key Words:Pompeii, mortar, plaster, pigment, fresco, mezzofresco, temple of Venus
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/09 Georisorse minerarie e applicazioni mineralogico- petrografiche per l'ambiente ed i beni culturali
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Geoscienze
Codice ID:1801
Depositato il:30 Jan 2009
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format

Bibliografia

I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

Ajò, D., Casellato, U., Fiorin, E. and Vigato, P.A., 2004. Ciro Ferri’s frescoes: a study of painting materials and technique by SEM-EDS microscopy, X-ray diffraction, micro FT-IR and photoluminescence spectroscopy, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 5, 333–348. Cerca con Google

Arnò, V., Principe, C., Rosi, M., Santacroce, R., Sbrana, A. and Sheridan M.F., 1987. Eruptive history. In: Santacroce R. (Ed.), Somma Vesuvius - CNR, Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”, Roma, vol. 8: 53 – 103. Cerca con Google

Augusti, S., 1967. I colori pompeiani. De Luca Editore. Rome. Cerca con Google

Bandera, S., Nicola, A.R., Parodi, V., Frezzato, F., and Monni, E., 2005. Gli affreschi trecenteschi dell'Abbazia di Chiaravalle milanese: Il primo maestro a confronto con il cantiere giottesco, restauro in corso, Scienze e beni culturali XXI. 2005, Sulle pitture murali, Edizioni Arcadia Ricerche, 793-811. Cerca con Google

Barrett, S. 2005. Image SXM 1.75, software. http://reg.ssci.liv.ac.uk/~sdb/ImageSXM. Vai! Cerca con Google

Baxter, M. J., 1999. Detecting multivariate outliers in artefact compositional data, Archaeometry 41, 321–338. Cerca con Google

Béarat, H., 1997. Quelle est la gamme exacte des pigments romains? Confrontation des resultats d'analyse et des textes de Vitruve et de Pline" (What is the exact scale of Roman pigments? Confrontation of the results of analysis with the texts of Vitruvius and Pliny). In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 11-34. Cerca con Google

Botticelli, G., 1992. Metodologie di restauro delle pitture murali, Centro Di, Firenze. Cerca con Google

Boynton, R.S., 1966. Chemistry and technology of lime and limestone. 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York. Cerca con Google

Brocchini, D., Principe, C., Castradori, D., Laurenzi, M.A. and Gorla, L., 2001. Quaternary evolution of the southern sector of the Campanian Plain and early Somma-Vesuvius activity: insights from the Trecase 1 well. Mineralogy and Petrology, 73: 67–91. Cerca con Google

Bugini, R., and Folli, L., 1997. Materials and making techniques of Roman republican wall paintings (Capitolium, Brescia, Italy). In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 121-130. Cerca con Google

Canti, M.G. and Heathcote, J.L., 2002. Microscopic Egyptian blue (Synthetic Cuprorivaite) fromsedimens at two archaeological sites in West Central England. Journal of Archaeological Science 29, 831-836. Cerca con Google

Carò, F. and Di Giulio, A., 2004. Reliability of textural analysis of ancient plasters and mortars through automated image analysis. Materials Characterization, 53: 243–57. Cerca con Google

Carò, F., Di Giulio, A. and Marmo, R., 2006. Textural analysis of ancient plasters and mortars: reliability of image analysis approaches. In: (M. Maggetti and B. Messiga eds.) Geomaterials in cultural heritage, Special Publication, Geological Society, London, 257: 337–45. Cerca con Google

Carò, F., Riccardi, M.P. and Mazzilli Savini, M.T., 2008. Characterization of plasters and mortars as tool in archaeological studies: the case of Lardirago castle in Pavia, northern Italy. Archaeometry, 50: 85-100. Cerca con Google

Charola, A.E. and Henriques, F.M.A., 2000. Hydraulicity in lime mortars revisited. In: Bartos, P., Groot, C. and Hughes, J.J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the International RILEM-workshop “Historic Mortars: Characteristics and Tests”, Paisley, 2000, RILEM Publications: 5-105. Cerca con Google

Cioni, R., Santacroce, R. and Sbrana, A., 1999. Pyroclastic deposits as a guide for reconstructing the multi-stage evolution of the Somma-Vesuvius Caldera. Bullettin of Volcanology, 60:207-222. Cerca con Google

Cioni, R., Gurioli, L., Lanza, R. and Zanella, E., 2004. Temperatures of the A.D. 79 pyroclastic density current deposits (Vesuvius, Italy). J. Geophys. Res. 109, B02207, doi:10.1029/2002JB002251. Cerca con Google

Civetta L. and Santacroce R., 1992. Steady state magma supply in the last 3400 years of Vesuvius activity. Acta Volcanologica, Marinelli volume 2: 147-159. Cerca con Google

Conticelli S., Melluso L., Perini G., Avanzinelli R. and Boari E., 2004. Petrologic, geochemical and isotopic characteristics of shoshonitic to potassic and ultrapotassic alkalic magmatism in Central-Southern Italy: inferences on its genesis and on the nature of its mantle source. Periodico di Mineralogia, 73: 135-164. Cerca con Google

Curti, E., 2007. La Venere Fisica trionfante: un nuovo ciclo di iscrizioni dal santuario di Venere a Pompei. In: Il filo e le perle. Studi per i 70 anni di Mario Torelli, Venosa: 57-71. Cerca con Google

Curti, E., 2008. Il tempio di Venere Fisica e il porto di Pompei? In: Guzzo, P.G. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (Eds.) Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell’area vesuviana (scavi 2003-2006)”, Roma: 47-60. Cerca con Google

Damiani, D., Gliozzo, E., Memmi Turbanti, I. and Spangenberg J.E., 2003. Pigments and plasters discovered in the House of Diana (Cosa, Grosseto, Italy): an integrated study between art history, archaeology and scientific analyses. Archaeometry 45, 2, 341-354. Cerca con Google

Daniilia, S., Sotiropoulou, S., Bikiaris, D., Salpistis, C., Karagiannis, G., Chryssoulakis, Y., Price, B.A. and Carlson, J.H., 2000. Panselinos’ Byzantine wall paintings in the Protaton Church, Mount Athos, Greece: a technical examination, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 1, 91–110. Cerca con Google

De Vivo, B., Rolandi, G., Gans, P.B., Calvert, A., Bohrson,W.A., Spera, F.J. and Belkin, H.E., 2001. Newconstraints on the pyroclastic eruptive history of the Campanian volcanic plain (Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology. 73: 47–65. Cerca con Google

Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A. and Zussman, J., 1999. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. 2nd edition. Longman. Cerca con Google

Di Renzo, V., Di Vito, M.A., Arienzo, I., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., D'antonio, M., Giordano, F., Orsi, G. and Tonarini, S., 2007. Magmatic history of Somma-Vesuvius on the basis of new geochemical and isotopic data from a deep borehole (Camaldoli della Torre). Journal of Petrology. 48 (4): 753-84. Cerca con Google

Eastaugh, N., Walsh, V., Chaplin, T. and Siddall, R., 2004. Pigment compendium. A dictionary of historical pigments. Butterworth-Heinemann. Cerca con Google

Edreira, M.C., Feliu, M.J., Fernández-Lorenzo, C. and Martín, J., 2003. Spectroscopic analysis of roman wall paintings from Casa del Mitreo in Emerita Augusta, Mérida, Spain, Talanta, 59, 1117–1139. Cerca con Google

Edwards, H.G.M., de Oliveira, L.F.C., Middleton, P. and Frost, R.L., 2002. Romano-British wall-painting fragments: a spectroscopic analysis. The analyst 127, 277-281. Cerca con Google

Elsen, J. 2006. Microscopy of historic mortars – a review. Cement and Concrete Research, 36:1416-1424. Cerca con Google

Fairchild M.D., 2005. Color appearance models. 2nd edition. John Wiley & sons. Cerca con Google

Felici, A.C., Fronterotta, G., Piacentini, M., Nicolais, C., Sciuti, S., Vendittelli, M. and Vazio, C., 2004. The wall paintings in the former Refectory of the Trinità dei Monti convent in Rome: relating observations from restoration and archaeometric analyses to Andrea Pozzo’s own treatise on the art of mural painting, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 5, 17–25. Cerca con Google

Fuchs, M. and Béarat, H.,1997. Analyses phisico-chimiques et peintures murales romaines à Avenches, Bosingen, Dietikon et Vallon. In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 181-191. Cerca con Google

Hatton, G.D., Shortland, A.J. and Tite, M.S., 2008. The production technology of Egyptian blue and green frits from second millennium BC Egypt and Mesopotamia. Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 1591-1604. Cerca con Google

Hughes, J.J., Leslie, A. and Callebaut, K., 2001. The petrography of lime inclusions in historic lime based mortars. In: Proceedings of the 8th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Building Materials. Athens, Greece, September 2001: 359-364. Cerca con Google

Ippolito, F., D’Argenio, B., Pescatore, T. and Scandone, P., 1975. Structural stratigraphic units and tectonic framework of south-ern Appenines. In: Squyres, C.H. Ed., Geology of Italy, 2: 317–328. Cerca con Google

Joron J.L., Metrich N., Rosi M., Santacroce R. and Sbrana A., 1987. Chemistry and Petrography. In: Santacroce R. (Ed.), Somma Vesuvius - CNR, Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”. Roma, volume 8: 105–174. Cerca con Google

Kakoulli, I.,1997. Roman wall paintings in Cyprus: A scientific investigation of their technology. In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 105-117. Cerca con Google

Maiuri, A., 1958. Ercolano: i nuovi scavi, 1927-1958, Roma. Cerca con Google

Mattini, M. and Moles, A., 1989. La chimica nel restauro. I materiali dell’arte pittorica. Nardini editore, Firenze. Cerca con Google

Mazzochin, G.A., Agnoli, F., Mazzochin, S. and Colpo, I., 2003. Analysis of pigments from Roman wall paintings found in Vicenza. Talanta, 61, 565-572. Cerca con Google

Mazzochin, G.A., Agnoli, F. and Salvadori, M., 2004. Analysis of Roman Age wall paintings found in Pordenone,Trieste and Montegrotto. Talanta, 64, 732-741. Cerca con Google

Meggiolaro, V., Molin, G., Pappalardo, U. and Vergerio, P.,1997. Contribution to studies on Roman wall painting materials and technique in Greece: Corinth, the southeast building. In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 105-117. Cerca con Google

Mertens, G. and Elsen, J., 2006. Use of computer assisted image analysis for the determination of the grain-size distribution of sands used in mortars. Cement and concrete research, 36: 1453-1459. Cerca con Google

Mora, P., Mora, L. and Philippot, P., 1984. Conservation of wall paintings, Butterworth & Co., London. Cerca con Google

Moropoulou, A., Bakolas, A. and Anagnostopoulou, S., 2005. Composite materials in ancient structures. Cement & concrete composites, 27: 295-300 Cerca con Google

Moropoulou, A., Polikreti, K., Bakolas, A. and Michailidis, P., 2003. Correlation of physicochemical and mechanical properties of historical mortars and classification by multivariate statistics. Cement and concrete research, 33: 891-898. Cerca con Google

Murad, E. and Johnston, J. H., 1987. Iron oxides and hydroxides. In: Long, G. J. (Ed.), Mössbauer spectroscopy applied to inorganic chemistry, Vol. 2. Plenum Press, New York. Cerca con Google

NORMA UNI EN 11176. 2006. Cultural Heritage - Petrographic description of a mortar. Milano. Cerca con Google

Paternoster, G., Rinzivillo, R., Nunziata, F., Castellucci, E.M., Lofrumento, C., Zoppi, A., Felici, A.C., Fronterotta, G., Nicolais, C., Piacentini, M., Sciuti, S. and Vendittelli, M., 2005. Study on the technique of the Roman age mural paintings by micro-XRF with Polycapillary Conic Collimator and micro-Raman analyses, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 6, 21–28. Cerca con Google

Perardi, A., Appolonia, L. and Mirti, P., 2003. Non-destructive in situ determination of pigments in 15th century wall paintings by Raman microscopy, Analytica Chimica Acta, 480, 317–325. Cerca con Google

Pesenti, F.R., 1973. L’affresco, La tempera. In: Le tecniche artistiche, strumenti per la nuova cultura, guide e manuali, (Ed. C. Maltese), 314-326, Mursia U.& C, Milano. Cerca con Google

Pliny, 1999. Natural History H. Rackham trans., Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Cerca con Google

Prentice, J. E., 1990. Geology of construction materials, Chapman and Hall, London. Cerca con Google

Principe C., Rosi M., Santacroce R. and Sbrana A., 1987. Explanatory Notes to the Geological Map. In: Santacroce R. (Ed.), Somma Vesuvius - CNR, Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”, Roma, vol. 8: 11 – 51. Cerca con Google

Rosati, C., 1991. Tecniche pittoriche e restauro dei dipinti, Edizioni Scientifiche A. Cremonesi, 57-69. Cerca con Google

Rozenberg, S., 1997. Pigments and fresco fragments from Herod’s palace at Jericho. In: “Roman Cerca con Google

Santacroce, R. (Ed.).1987. Somma-Vesuvius, Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”. Progetto finanziato “Geodinamica”. Monografie finali, 8. CNR Roma. Cerca con Google

Sheridan, M.F., Barberi, F., Rosi, M. and Santacroce, R., 1981. A model for Plinian eruptions of Vesuvius. Nature, 289: 282-285. Cerca con Google

Tite, M.S., Bimson, M. and Cowell, M.R., 1984. Technological examination of Egyptian blue. In: Lambert, J.B. (Ed.), Archaeological Chemistry III. American Chemical Society Advances in Chemistry Series No. 205, pp. 215-242. Washington, DC. Cerca con Google

Varone, A., and Béarat, H., 1997. Pittori romani al lavoro. Materiali, strumenti, tecniche: evidenze archeologiche e dati analitici di un recente scavo pompeiano lungo via dell’Abbondanza (Reg. IX ins. 12). In: “Roman wall painting. Materials, techniques, analysis and conservation” Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 199-214. Cerca con Google

Villar, S.E.J. and Edwards, H.G.M., 2005. An extensive colour palette in Roman villas in Burgos, Northern Spain: a Raman spectroscopic analysis. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 382: 283-289. Cerca con Google

Vitali, V., and Franklin, U. M., 1986. New approaches to characterisation and classification of ceramics on the basis of their elemental composition. Journal of Archaeological Science 13, 161–170 Cerca con Google

Vitruvius, 1999. The ten books on architecture. I.D. Rowland trans., Cambridge University Press. Cerca con Google

Wallert, A. and Elston, M., 1997. Fragments of Roman wall painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum: a preliminary technical investigation. In: Béarat, H., Fuchs, M., Maggetti, M., and Paunier, D. (Eds.) Roman wall painting: materials, techniques, analysis and conservation: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Roman Wall Painting, Fribourg, 7-9 March 1996. Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography Fribourg University: 93-104. Cerca con Google

Walsh, V., Siddall, R., Eastaugh, N. and Chaplin, T., 2003. Pigmenti di Pompeii: verso la definizione di uno standard di riferimento per la ricerca sui pigmenti romani. In: “Scienze e archeologia” Proceedings of giornate di studio: “Le scienze e l’ambiente” e “Le scienze chimico fisiche”, Pompeii, 23 October and 19 November 2003. Università del Sannio-dipartimento di studi geologici e ambientali and Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia-dipartimento di chimica. 181-196. Cerca con Google

Wentworth, C.K., 1922. A scale of grade and class terms for clastic sediments. Journal of Geology, 30: 377-392. Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record