Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

| Crea un account

Stabile, Fabio (2009) Studio dei fattori predittivi di dinamicità della lesione in immagini di risonanza magnetica acquisite in posizione fisiologica in corso di Spondilomielopatia cervicale caudale (CCSM) nel cane di razza Dobermann. [Tesi di dottorato]

Full text disponibile come:

[img]Documento PDF
Tesi non accessible per motivi correlati alla proprietà intellettuale.
Visibile a: nessuno

937Kb

Abstract (inglese)

Caudal cervical spondilomyelopathy in Dobermann is a common degenerative pathology of the caudal cervical spine. Long term it is demonstrated to cause bone, ligament and articulation abnormalities. All these lesions eventually are causing spinal cord compression and subsequent neurological deficits. The caudal cervical lesion can be classified in static and dynamic. Dynamic are defined all the lesions which are worsening the compression on the spinal cord due to movement of the neck. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI allowed discovering of various etiopathogenetic factors influencing CCSM. In this study the Author evaluated 25 Dobermann with diagnosis of CCSM which has undergone MRI scan in physiological position and with a linear traction applied to the neck. The traction response lesions have been correlated with signs revealed during the MRI acquisition in
physiological position and with the neurological deficits.
Hypometric gait in the thoracic limbs was 5,72 times more common in dogs with a dynamic lesion. Legamentum flavum hypertrophy has been 7,71 times more suggestive of dynamic lesion. Severe and well demarcated hyperintensity in T2 weighted MRI imagies has been 3,34 times more probable to be found in dynamic lesions.

Abstract (italiano)

La Spondilomielopatia cervicale caudale nei soggetti di razza
Dobermann è una patologia degenerativa del rachide cervicale che comporta, a lungo termine, un’alterazione delle strutture ossee, legamentose ed articolari delle vertebre cervicali. Tali alterazioni causano secondariamente compressione del midollo spinale con conseguenti deficit neurologici. La lesione cervicale è classificata in statica o dinamica a seconda dell’aggravamento della compressione
midollare a seguito di cambiamento di postura del rachide cervicale. L’indagine di tale patologia tramite Risonanza Magnetica (RMN) ha permesso la visualizzazione di notevoli fattori influenti l’eziopatogenesi. In questo studio sono stati valutati 25 cani Dobermann affetti da spondilomielopatia cervicale caudale sottoposti ad esame RMN in posizione fisiologica e dopo applicazione di trazione lineare. La risposta dinamica della lesione è stata messa in correlazione con la presenza di deficit rilevabili a visita neurologica e ritrovamenti in immagini RMN. Soggetti con andatura ipometrica degli arti anteriori sono risultati 5,72 volte più soggetti a lesione dinamica. La possibilità di lesione dinamica in soggetti con ipertrofia del legamento flavo è risultata essere 7,71 volte superiore ai soggetti la cui lesione è stata considerata statica. La presenza di grave e ben definito aumento di segnale in immagini RMN pesate in T2 è risultata 3,34 volte più probabile in soggetti con lesione dinamica.

Aggiungi a RefWorks
Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Bernardini, Marco
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 21 > Scuole per il 21simo ciclo > SCIENZE VETERINARIE > SCIENZE CLINICHE VETERINARIE
Data di deposito della tesi:23 Febbraio 2009
Anno di Pubblicazione:22 Febbraio 2009
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):Caudal Cervical Spodylomyelopathy, Dobermann, MRI, traction
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/09 Clinica chirurgica veterinaria
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > pre 2012 - Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Veterinarie
Codice ID:2019
Depositato il:23 Feb 2009
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format

Bibliografia

I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

1. De Lahunta: Development of the nervous system: malformation. In Cerca con Google

Veterinary neuroanatomy and clinical neurology. Saunders Elsevier, third Cerca con Google

edition 2009, pp 23-53. Cerca con Google

2. Garosi L: Lesion localization and differential diagnosis. In In: Manual of Cerca con Google

canine and feline Neurology third edition. Ed. BSAVA 2004, pp 24-34. Cerca con Google

3. Braund KG: Degenerative and Compressive Structural Disorders. In Cerca con Google

Braund's Clinical Neurology in Small Animals: Localization, Diagnosis and Cerca con Google

Treatment. Vite C.H. (Ed.) International Veterinary Information Cerca con Google

Service, Ithaca NY (www.ivis.org), 2003; A3218.0103. Vai! Cerca con Google

4. Bagley RS: Clinical features of important and common disease involving Cerca con Google

the spinal cord of dogs and cats. In: Foundamental of Veterinary clinical Cerca con Google

Neurology. Ed.Blackwell Publishing, Iowa USA, First Edition 2005, pp Cerca con Google

156-159. Cerca con Google

5. Evans HE: The skeleton, in Anatomy of the dog third edition Saunders Cerca con Google

Elsevier 1993, pp 122- 218. Cerca con Google

6. King As: Physiological and clinical anatomy of the domestic mammals in Cerca con Google

Central nervous system, Blackwell science 1997, Vol 1, pp 1-296. Cerca con Google

7. Olby NJ: Tetraparesis. In: Manual of canine and feline Neurology third Cerca con Google

edition. Ed. BSAVA 2004, pp 2218-220. Cerca con Google

8. De Risio L, Adams V, Dennis R, McConnell FJ, Platt SR: Association of Cerca con Google

clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings with outcome in dogs Cerca con Google

suspected to have ischemic myelopathy: 50 cases (2000–2006). Jour Cerca con Google

Amer Vet Medic Ass 233 (1): 129-135, 2008. Cerca con Google

9. Abramson CJ, Garosi L, Platt SR, Dennis R, McConnel JF: Magnetic Cerca con Google

resonance imaging appearance of suspected ischemic myelopathy in Cerca con Google

dogs. Veter Radiol Ultras 46 (3): 225–229, 2005. Cerca con Google

10. Gandini G, Cizinauskas S, Lang J, Fatzer R, Jaggy A: Fibrocartilaginous Cerca con Google

embolism in 75 dogs: clinical findings and factors influencing the recovery Cerca con Google

rate J Small Anim Pract 44 (2): 76–80, 2003. Cerca con Google

11. Hawthorne JC, Wallace LJ, Fenner WR, Waters DJ: Fibrocartilaginous Cerca con Google

embolic Myelopathy in Miniature Schnauzers. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 37 Cerca con Google

(4): 374–383, 2001. Cerca con Google

12. Griffin JF, Levine JM, Levine GJ, Fosgate GT: Meningomyelitis in dogs: a Cerca con Google

retrospective review of 28 cases (1999 to 2007). J Small Anim Pract 49 Cerca con Google

(10): 509-517, 2008. Cerca con Google

13. Cizinauskas S, Jaggy A, Tipold A: Long-term treatment of dogs with Cerca con Google

steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis: clinical, laboratory and therapeutic Cerca con Google

resuIts. J Small Anim Pract 41 (7): 295-301, 2000. Cerca con Google

14. Griffin JF, Levine JM,Levine GJ, Fosgate GT: Meningomyelitis in dogs: a Cerca con Google

retrospective review of 28 cases (1999 to 2007). J Small Anim Pract 49 Cerca con Google

(10): 509–517, 2008. Cerca con Google

15. De Stefani A, Garosi LS, McConnell FJ, Llabres Diaz FJ, Dennis R, Platt Cerca con Google

SR: Magnetic resonance imaging features of spinal epidural empyema in Cerca con Google

five dogs. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 49 ( 2): 135–140, 2008. Cerca con Google

16. Lavely JA, Vernau KM, Vernau W, Herrgesel EJ, Le Couter RA: Spinal Cerca con Google

Epidural Empyema in Seven Dogs. Vet Sur 35 (2): 176–185, 2006. Cerca con Google

17. Kraft SL, Mussam JM, Smith T, Biller DS, Hoskinson JJ: Magnetic Cerca con Google

resonance imaging of presumptive lombosacral discospondylitis in a dog. Cerca con Google

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, Vol. 39 (1): 9-13, 1998. Cerca con Google

18. Gonzalo-Orden JM, Altonega JR, Asuncion Orden M, Gonzalo JM: Cerca con Google

Magnetic resonance, Computed tomographic and radiologic findings in a Cerca con Google

dog with discospondylitis. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 41 (2):142- Cerca con Google

144, 2000. Cerca con Google

19. Gopala MS, Jefrry ND: Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis and Cerca con Google

treatment of a canine spinal cord injury. J Small Anim Pract 42 (1): 29-31, Cerca con Google

2001. Cerca con Google

20. MacKay AD, Rusbridge C, Sparkes AH, Platt SR: MRI characteristics of Cerca con Google

suspected acute spinal cord infarction in two cats, and a review of the Cerca con Google

literature. J Feline Med Sur 7 (2): 101-107, 2005. Cerca con Google

21. Rusbridge C: Chiari-Like Malformation with Syringomyelia in the Cavalier Cerca con Google

King Charles Spaniel: Long-Term Outcome After Surgical Management. Cerca con Google

Vet Surg 36 (5): 396–405, 2007. Cerca con Google

22. Rusbridge C, Carruthers H, Dubè MP, Holmes M, Jeffery ND: Cerca con Google

Syringomyelia in cavalier King Charles spaniels: the relationship between Cerca con Google

syrinx dimensions and pain. J Small Anim Pract 48 (8): 432–436, 2007. Cerca con Google

23. Tagay A, Taura Y, Nakaichi M, Wada N, Hasegawa T: Magnetic Cerca con Google

resonance imaging of syringomyelia in five dogs. Journal of Small Animal Cerca con Google

Practice 41 (8): 362-365, 2000. Cerca con Google

24. Rusbridge C, MacSweeny JE, Davies JV, Chandler K, Fitzmaurice SN, Cerca con Google

Dennis R, Cappello R, Wheeler SJ: Syringohydromyelia in Cavalier King Cerca con Google

Charles Spaniels. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 36 (1): 34–41, 2000. Cerca con Google

25. Rusbridge C, Knowler SP: Coexistence of occipital dysplasia and occipital Cerca con Google

hypoplasia/syringomyelia in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. J Small Cerca con Google

Anim Pract 47 (10): 603–606, 2006. Cerca con Google

26. Rusbridge C: Chiari-Like Malformation with Syringomyelia in the Cavalier Cerca con Google

King Charles Spaniel: Long-Term Outcome After Surgical Management Cerca con Google

Vet Surg 36 (5): 396–405, 2007. Cerca con Google

27. Petersen SA, Sturges BK, Dickinson PJ, Pollard RE, Kass PH, Kent M, Cerca con Google

Vernau KM, LeCouteur RA, Higgins RJ: Canine Intraspinal Meningiomas: Cerca con Google

Imaging Features, Histopathologic Classification, and Long-Term Cerca con Google

Outcome in 34 Dogs. J Vet Intern Med 22 (4): 946–953, 2008. Cerca con Google

28. McDonnell JJ, Tidwell AS, Faissler D, Keating J: Magnetic resonance Cerca con Google

imaging features of cervical spinal cord meningiomas. Veterinary Cerca con Google

Radiology & Ultrasound 46 (5): 368–374, 2005. Cerca con Google

29. Grubera A, Knelssl S, Vidoni B, Url A: Cervical Spinal Chordoma with Cerca con Google

Chondromatous Component in a Dog. Vet Pathol 45 (5): 650–653, 2008. Cerca con Google

30. Wall M, Platt SR, Selcer B, Brockus C, Howerth E: Multifocal spinal Cerca con Google

meningioma in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46 (4): 309-312, 2005. Cerca con Google

31. Kunkel KAR, Palmisano MP, Stefanacci JD: Imaging diagnosis —Spinal Cerca con Google

myxosarcoma in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48 (6): 557-559, 2007. Cerca con Google

32. Marioni-Henry K, Van Winkle TJ, Smith SH, Vite CH: Tumors affecting the Cerca con Google

spinal cord of cats: 85 cases (1980–2005). J Am Vet Med Assoc 232 (2): Cerca con Google

237–243, 2008. Cerca con Google

33. Ito D, Matsunaga S, Jeffery ND, Sasaki N, Nishimura R, Mochizuki M, Cerca con Google

Kasahara M, Fujiwara R, Ogawa H: Prognostic value of magnetic Cerca con Google

resonance imaging in dogs with paraplegia caused by thoracolumbar Cerca con Google

intervertebral disk extrusion: 77 cases (2000–2003). J Am Vet Med Assoc Cerca con Google

227 (9): 1454–1460, 2005. Cerca con Google

34. Forterre F, Konar M, Tomek A, Doherr M, Howard J, Spreng D, Cerca con Google

Vandevelde M, Jaggy A: Accuracy of the withdrawal reflex for localization Cerca con Google

of the site of cervical disk herniation in dogs: 35 cases (2004–2007). J Am Cerca con Google

Vet Med Assoc 232 (4): 559–563, 2008. Cerca con Google

35. Ryan TM, Platt SR, Llabres-Diaz FJ, McConnell JF, Adams VJ: Detection Cerca con Google

of spinal cord compression in dogs with cervical intervertebral disc Cerca con Google

disease by magnetic resonance imaging. Vet Rec 163 (1): 11-15, 2008. Cerca con Google

36. Kinns J, Mai W, Seiler G, Zwingenberger A, Johnson V, Ca ceres A, Cerca con Google

Valdez-Martinez A, Schwarz T: Radiographic sensitivity and negative Cerca con Google

predictive value for acute canine spinal trauma. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 47 Cerca con Google

(6): 563–570, 2006. Cerca con Google

37. Levine JM, Levine GJ, Johnson SI, Kerwin SC, Hettlich BF, Fosgate GT: Cerca con Google

Evaluation of the Success of Medical Management for Presumptive Cerca con Google

Cervical Intervertebral Disk Herniation in Dogs. Vet Surg 36 (5): 492–499, Cerca con Google

2007. Cerca con Google

38. Forterre F, Konar M, Tomek A, Doherr M, Howard J, Spreng D, Cerca con Google

Vandevelde M, Jaggy A: Accuracy of the withdrawal reflex for localization Cerca con Google

of the site of cervical disk herniation in dogs: 35 cases (2004–2007). J Am Cerca con Google

Vet Med Assoc 232 (4): 559–563, 2008. Cerca con Google

39. Miroshita Y, Hida S, Miyazaki M, Hong SW, Zou J, Wei F, Naito M, Wang Cerca con Google

JC: The effects of degenerative changes in the functional spinal unit on Cerca con Google

the kinematics of the cervical spine. Spine 33 (6): E178-E182, 2008. Cerca con Google

40. Rylander H, Lipsitz D, Berry WL, Sturges BK, Vernau KM, Dickinson PJ, Cerca con Google

Anor SA, Higgins RJ, LeCouteur RA: Retrospective Analysis of Spinal Cerca con Google

Arachnoid Cysts in 14 dogs. J Vet Intern Med 16 (6): 690–696, 2002. Cerca con Google

41. Ness MG: Spinal arachnoid cysts in two shih tzu littermates. Vety Rec Cerca con Google

142 (19): 515-516, 1998. Cerca con Google

42. Frykman OF: Spinal arachnoid cyst in four dogs: diagnosis, surgical Cerca con Google

treatment and follow-up results. J Small Anim Pract 40 (11): 544-549, Cerca con Google

1999. Cerca con Google

43. Gnirs K, Ruel Y, Blot S, Begon D, Rault D, Delisle F, Boulouha L, Colle Cerca con Google

MA, Carozzo C, Moissonnier P: Spina subarachnoid cyst in 13 dogs. Cerca con Google

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 44 (4): 402-408, 2003. Cerca con Google

44. Jurina K, Grevel V: Spinal arachnoid pseudocysts in 10 rottweilers. J Cerca con Google

Small Anim Pract 45 (1): 9–15, 2004. Cerca con Google

45. Skeen TM, Olby NJ, Muñana KR, Sharp NJ: Spinal Arachnoid Cysts in 17 Cerca con Google

Dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 39 (3): 271–282, 2003. Cerca con Google

46. Konar M, Lang J, Fluhmann J, Forterre F: Ventral Intraspinal Cysts Cerca con Google

Associated with the Intervertebral Disc: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Cerca con Google

Observations in Seven Dogs. Vet Surg 37 (1): 94–101, 2008. Cerca con Google

47. Burbidge HM, Pfeiffer DU, Blair HT: Canine wobbler syndrome: A study of Cerca con Google

the Dobermann pinscher in New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 42 (6): 221-228, Cerca con Google

1994. Cerca con Google

48. Da Costa RC, Parent JM, Partlow G, Dobson H et al.: Morphologic and Cerca con Google

morphometric magnetic resonance imaging features of Doberman Cerca con Google

Pinschers with and without clinical signs of cervical spondylomyelopathy. Cerca con Google

AJVR 67 (9): 1601-1612, 2006. Cerca con Google

49. Da Costa RC, Poma R, Parent JM, Partlow G et al.: Correletion of motor Cerca con Google

evoked potentials with magnetic resonance imaging and neurologic Cerca con Google

findings in Doberman Pinschers with or wothout signs of cervical Cerca con Google

spondylomyelopathy. AJVR 67 (9) 1613-1620, 2006. Cerca con Google

50. Penderis J, Dennis R: Use of traction during magnetic resonance imaging Cerca con Google

of caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy (“wobbler syndrome”) in the dog. Cerca con Google

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45 (3): 216-219, 2004. Cerca con Google

51. Lincoln JD: Cervical vertebral malformation/ malarticulation syndrome in Cerca con Google

large dogs. Vet Clin North AmSmall Anim Pract 22 (4): 923-935, 1992. Cerca con Google

52. Lipsitz D, Levitski RE, Chauvet AE, Berry WL: Magnetic resonance Cerca con Google

imaging features of cervical stenotic myelopathy in 21 dogs. Vet Radiol Cerca con Google

Ultrasound 42 (1) 20-27, 2001. Cerca con Google

53. Da Costa RC, Parent JM, Dobson H, Holmberg D et al.: Comparison of Cerca con Google

magnetic resonance imaging and myelography in 18 Doberman Cerca con Google

Pinschers dogs with cervical spondylomyelopathy. Vet Radiol Ultrasound Cerca con Google

47 (6): 523-531, 2006. Cerca con Google

54. Sharp NJH, Cofone M, Robertson I, De Carlo A et al: Computed Cerca con Google

tomography in the evaluation of caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy of Cerca con Google

the doberman pinscher. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 36 (2): 100-108, 1995. Cerca con Google

55. Drost WmT, Lehenbauer TW, Reeves J: Mensuration of cervical vertebral Cerca con Google

ratios in Doberman Pinschers and Great Danes. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 43 Cerca con Google

(2): 124-131, 2002. Cerca con Google

56. Lewis DG: Cervical spondylomyelopathy (‘wobbler’ syndrome) in the dog: Cerca con Google

a study based on 224 cases. J Small Anim Pract 30 (3): 657–665, 1989. Cerca con Google

57. Read RA, Robins GM, Carlisle CH: Caudal cervical spondylo-myelopathy Cerca con Google

(wobbler syndrome) in the dog: a review of thirty cases. J Small Anim Cerca con Google

Pract 24 (7): 605-621, 1983. Cerca con Google

58. Lewis DG: Radiological assessment of the cervical spine of the Cerca con Google

Dobermann with reference to cervical spondylomyelopathy. J Small Anim Cerca con Google

Pract 32 (8): 75–82, 1991. Cerca con Google

59. Levitski RE, Lipsitz D, Chauvet AE: Magnetic resonance imaging of the Cerca con Google

cervical spine in 27 dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 40 (4): 332-341, 1999. Cerca con Google

60. Bagley RS: Diagnostic testing in animals with spinal disease. In: Cerca con Google

Foundamental of Veterinary clinical Neurology. Ed.Blackwell Publishing, Cerca con Google

Iowa USA, First Edition 2005, pp 261-263. Cerca con Google

61. Macy NB, Les CM, Stover SM, Kass PH: Effect of disk fenestration on Cerca con Google

sagittal kinematics of the canine C5-C6 intervertebral space. Vet Surg 28 Cerca con Google

(3): 171-179, 1999. Cerca con Google

62. Sharp NJH, Wheeler SJ. Cervical spondylomyelopathy. In: Sharp NJH, Cerca con Google

Wheeler SJ (eds): Small animal spinal disorders diagnosis and surgery, Cerca con Google

2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby, 2005;211–246 Cerca con Google

63. McKee WM, Sharp NJH. Cervical spondylopathy. In: Slatter DH (ed): Cerca con Google

Textbook of small animal surgery, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Cerca con Google

2003;1180–1193. Cerca con Google

64. Gooding MR, Wilson CB, Hoff JT: Experimental cervical myelopathy: Cerca con Google

effects of ischemia and compression of the canine cervical spinal cord. J Cerca con Google

Neurosurg 43 (1): 9-17, 1975. Cerca con Google

65. Jeffry ND, McKee WM: Surgery for disc-associated wobbler syndrome in Cerca con Google

the dog- an examination of the controversy. J Small Anim Pract 42 (12): Cerca con Google

574- 581, 2001. Cerca con Google

66. Al-Mefty O, Harkey HL, Marawi I, Haines DE, Peeler DF, Wilner HI, Smith Cerca con Google

RR, Holaday HR, Haining JL, Russell WF: Experimental Chronic Cerca con Google

compressive cervical myelopathy. J Neurosurg 79 (4): 550-561, 1993. Cerca con Google

67. da Costa RC, Parent JM, Holmberg DL, Sinclair D, Monteith G: Outcome Cerca con Google

of medical and surgical treatment in dogs with cervical Cerca con Google

spondylomyelopathy: 104 cases (1988-2004). J Am Vet Med Assoc 233 Cerca con Google

(8): 1284-90, 2008. Cerca con Google

68. Trotter EJ, de Lahunta A, Geary JC: Caudal cervical vertebral Cerca con Google

malformation-malarticulation in Great Danes and Doberman Pinschers. J Cerca con Google

Am Vet Med Assoc 168 (4): 917–930, 1976. Cerca con Google

69. VanGundy TE: Disc-associated wobbler syndrome in the Doberman Cerca con Google

pinscher. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 18 (3):667–696, 1988. Cerca con Google

70. Seim HB, Withrow SJ: Pathophysiology and diagnosis of caudal cervical Cerca con Google

spondylo-myelopathy with emphasis on the Doberman Pinscher. J Am Cerca con Google

Anim Hosp Assoc 18 (6): 241–251, 1982. Cerca con Google

71. Mason TA: Cervical vertebral instability (wobbler syndrome) in the dog. Cerca con Google

Vet Rec 104 (7): 142–145, 1979. Cerca con Google

72. Olsson SE, Stavenborn M, Hoppe F. Dynamic compression of the cervical Cerca con Google

spinal cord. Acta Vet Scand 23 (1): 65–78, 1982. Cerca con Google

73. Breit S, Kunzel W: A morphometric investigation on breedspecific Cerca con Google

features affecting sagittal rotational and lateral bending mobility in the Cerca con Google

canine cervical spine (c3-c7). Anat Histol Embryol 33 (4): 244–250, 2004. Cerca con Google

74. Houser OW, Onofrio BM, Miller GM, Folger WN, Smith PL: Cervical Cerca con Google

spondylotic stenosis and myelopathy: evaluation with computed Cerca con Google

tomographic myelography. Mayo Clin Proc 69 (6): 557–563, 1994. Cerca con Google

75. Sharp NJH, Cofone M, Robertson ID, et al: Computed tomography in the Cerca con Google

evaluation of caudal cervical spondilomyelopathy of the Doberman Cerca con Google

Pinscher. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 36 (3): 100–108, 1995. Cerca con Google

76. de Lahunta A. Cervical spinal cord contusion from spondylolisthesis(a Cerca con Google

wobbler syndrome in dogs). In: Kirk RW, ed. Current veterinary therapy Cerca con Google

IV—small animal practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co, Cerca con Google

1971;503–504. Cerca con Google

77. Morgan JP, Miyabayashi T, Choy S: Cervical spine motion: radiographic Cerca con Google

study. Am J Vet Res 47 (10):2165–2169, 1986. Cerca con Google

78. Penning L, Badoux DM: Radiological study of the movements of the Cerca con Google

cervical spine in the dog compared with those in man. Anat Histol Cerca con Google

Embryol 16 (1): 1–20, 1987. Cerca con Google

79. Harrop JS, Hanna A, Silva MT, Sharan A: Neurological manifestations of Cerca con Google

cervical spondylosis: an overview of signs, symptoms, and Cerca con Google

pathophysiology. Neurosurgery 60 (1): S1-14 S1-20, 2007. Cerca con Google

80. Shimomura T, Sumi M, Nishida K, Maeno K, Tadokoro K, Miyamoto H, Cerca con Google

Kurosaka M, Doita M: Prognostic factor for deterioration of patients with Cerca con Google

cervical spondylotic myelopathy after nonsurgical treatment. Spine 32 (2): Cerca con Google

2473- 2479, 2007. Cerca con Google

81. Baptiste DC, Fehlings MG, Pathophysiology of cervical myelopathy. The Cerca con Google

Spine Journal (6): 190S-197S, 2006. Cerca con Google

82. Chen CJ, Hsu HL, Niu CC, Chen MC, Tseng YC, Wong YC, Wang LJ: Cerca con Google

Cervical degeneration disease at flexion-extension MR Imaging: Cerca con Google

prediction criteria. Radiology 227 (1): 136-142, 2003. Cerca con Google

83. Chen JC, Lyu RK, Lee ST, Wong YC, Wang LJ: Intramedullary high Cerca con Google

signal intensity on T2-weighted MR Images in cervical spondylotic Cerca con Google

myelopathy: prediction of prognosis with type of intensity. Radiology 221 Cerca con Google

(3): 789-794, 2001. Cerca con Google

84. Fujimoto Y, Oka S, Tanaka N, Nishikawa K, Kawagoe H, Baba I: Cerca con Google

Pathophysiology and treatment for cervical flexion myelopathy. Eur Spine Cerca con Google

J 11 (3): 276-285, 2002. Cerca con Google

85. Muhle C, Metzner J, Weinert D, Falliner A, Brinkmann G, Mehdorn MH, Cerca con Google

Heller M, Resnick D: Classification system based on kinematic MR Cerca con Google

Imaging in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Am J Neuroradiol 19 (9): Cerca con Google

1763- 1771, 1998. Cerca con Google

86. Taylor AR: Machanism and treatment of spinal-cord disorders associated Cerca con Google

with cervical spondylosis. Lancet 11; 1(6763): 717-723, 1953. Cerca con Google

87. Muhle C, Wiskirchen J, Weinert D, Falliner A, Wesner F, Brinkmann G, Cerca con Google

Heller M: Biomechanical aspects of the subarachnoid space and cervical Cerca con Google

cord in healthy subjects using kinematic MR imaging. Spine 23 (5): 556- Cerca con Google

567, 1998. Cerca con Google

88. Breig A, Turnbull I, Hassler O: effects of mechanical stresses on the Cerca con Google

spinal cord in cervical spondylosis: a study on fresh cadaver materials. J Cerca con Google

Neurosurg 25 (1): 45-56, 1966. Cerca con Google

89. Fujimoto Y, Oka S, Nishikawa K, Tanaka S, Ikuta Y, Baba I: Cervical Cerca con Google

flexion myelopathy: experience of 21 cases. Seikei Geka 48: 1165-1172 Cerca con Google

(1997). Cerca con Google

90. Mehalic TF, Pezzuti RT, Applebaum BI: Magnetic resonance imaging and Cerca con Google

cervcal spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurgery 26 (2): 217-227, 1990. Cerca con Google

91. Takahashi M, Sakamoto Y, Miyawaki M, Bussaka H: Increased MR signal Cerca con Google

intensity secondary to chronic cervcal cord compression. Neuroradiology Cerca con Google

29 (6): 550-556, 1987. Cerca con Google

92. Okada Y, Ikata T, Katoh S, Yamada H: Morphologic analysis of the Cerca con Google

cervical spinal cord, dural tube, and spinal canal by magnetic resonance Cerca con Google

imaging in normal adults and patients with cervical spondylotic Cerca con Google

myelopathy. Spine 19 (20): 2331-2335, 1994. Cerca con Google

93. Rato R: Neck pain, cervical radiculopathy, and cervical myelopathy: Cerca con Google

pathophysiology, natural history, and clinical evaluation. Instr Course Cerca con Google

Lect. 52: 479-88, 2003. Review. Cerca con Google

94. Rato R: Neck pain, cervical radiculopathy, and cervical myelopathy: Cerca con Google

pathophysiology, natural history, clinical evaluation. J Bone Joint Sur Am Cerca con Google

84-A (10): 1972-1881, 2002. Review. Cerca con Google

95. Kadanka Z, Mares M, Bednaník J, Smrcka V, Krbec M, Stejskal L, Cerca con Google

Chaloupka R, Surelová D, Novotný O, Urbánek I, Dusek L: Approches to Cerca con Google

spondylotic cervical myelopathy: conservative versus surgical results in a Cerca con Google

3-year follow-up study. Spine 27 (20): 2205-2211, 2002. Cerca con Google

96. Kadanka Z, Mares M, Bednarík J, Smrcka V, Krbec M, Chaloupka R, Cerca con Google

Dusek L: Predictive factors for mild forms of spondylotic cervical Cerca con Google

myelopathy treated coservatively or surgically. Eur J Neurol 12 (1): 16-24, Cerca con Google

2005. Cerca con Google

97. Kadanka Z, Mares M, Bednarík J, Smrcka V, Krbec M, Chaloupka R, Cerca con Google

Dusek L: Predictive factors for spondylotic cervical myelopathy treated Cerca con Google

conservatively or surgically. Eur J Neurol 12 (1): 55-63, 2005. Cerca con Google

98. Suri A, Chabbra RP, Mehta VS, Gaikwad S, Pandey RM: Effect of Cerca con Google

intramedullary signal changes on the surgical outcome of patients with Cerca con Google

cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Spine J 3 (1): 33-45, 2003. Cerca con Google

99. Naderi S, Ozgen S, Pamir MN, Ozek MM, Erzen C: Cervical spondylotic Cerca con Google

myelopathy: surgical results and factors affecting prognosis. Cerca con Google

Neurosurgery 43 (1): 43-9, 1998. Cerca con Google

100. Bednarik J, Kadanka Z, Dusek L, Kerkovsky M, Vohanka S, Novotny Cerca con Google

O, Urbanek I, Kratochvilova D: Presymptomatic spondylotic cervical Cerca con Google

myelopathy: an updated predictive model. Eur Spine J. 17 (3): 421-31, Cerca con Google

2008. Cerca con Google

101. Bednarik J, Kadanka Z, Dusek L, Novotny O, Surelova D, Urbanek I, Cerca con Google

Prokes B: Presymptomatic spondylotic cervical cord compression. Spine Cerca con Google

29 (20): 2260-9, 2004. Cerca con Google

102. Miyazaki M, Hong SW, Yoon SH, Zou J, Tow B, Alanay A, Abitbol JJ, Cerca con Google

Wang JC: Kinematic analysis of the relationship between the grade of Cerca con Google

disc degeneration and motion unit of the cervical spine. Spine 33 (2): 187- Cerca con Google

93, 2008. Cerca con Google

103. Ohshio I, Hatayama A, Kaneda K, Takahara M, Nagashima K: Cerca con Google

Correlation between histopathologic features and magnetic resonance Cerca con Google

images of spinal cord lesions. Spine 18 (9): 1140–1149, 1993. Cerca con Google

104. Fehlings MG, Skaf G: A review of the pathophysiology of cervical Cerca con Google

spondylotic myelopathy with insights for potential novel mechanisms Cerca con Google

drawn from traumatic spinal cord injury. Spine 23 (24): 2730–2737, 1998. Cerca con Google

Review. Cerca con Google

105. Miyazaki M, Hymanson HJ, Morishita Y, He W, Zhang H, Wu G, Kong Cerca con Google

MH, Tsumura H, Wang JC: Kinematic analysis of the relationship Cerca con Google

between sagittal alignment and disc degeneration in the cervical spine. Cerca con Google

Spine 33(23): E870-6, 2008. Cerca con Google

106. Morishita Y, Hida S, Miyazaki M, Hong SW, Zou J, Wei F, Naito M, Cerca con Google

Wang JC: The effects of the degenerative changes in the functional spinal Cerca con Google

unit on the kinematics of the cervical spine. Spine 33 (6): E178-82, 2008. Cerca con Google

107. Fujiwara K, Yonenobu K, Hiroshima K, Ebara S, Yamashita K, Ono K: Cerca con Google

Morphometry of the cervical spinal cord and its relation to pathology in Cerca con Google

cases with compression myelopathy. Spine 13 (11): 1212–1216, 1988. Cerca con Google

108. Parke WW: Correlative anatomy of cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Cerca con Google

Spine 13 (7): 831–837, 1998. Cerca con Google

109. Dai L: Disc degeneration and cervical instability. Correlation of Cerca con Google

magnetic resonance imaging with radiography. Spine 23 (16): 1734– Cerca con Google

1738, 1998. Cerca con Google

110. Yoo JU, Zou D, Edwards WT, Bayley J, Yuan HA: Effect of cervical Cerca con Google

spine motion on the neuroforaminal dimensions of human cervical spine. Cerca con Google

Spine 17 (10): 1131–1136, 1992. Cerca con Google

111. Chung TS, Lee YJ, Kang SW, Park CJ, Kang WS, Shim YW: Cerca con Google

Reducibility of cervical disk herniation: evaluation at MR imaging during Cerca con Google

cervical traction with a nonmagnetic traction device. Radiology 225 (3): Cerca con Google

895–900, 2002. Cerca con Google

112. Modic MT, Masaryk TJ, Mulopulos GP, Bundschuh C, Han Cerca con Google

JS,Bohlman H: Cervical radiculopathy: prospective evaluation with Cerca con Google

surface coil MR imaging, CT with metrizamide, and metrizamide Cerca con Google

myelography. Radiology 161 (3): 753–759, 1986. Cerca con Google

113. Bischoff RJ, Rodriguez RP, Gupta K, Righi A, Dalton JE, Whitecloud Cerca con Google

TS: A comparison of computed tomography-myelography, magnetic Cerca con Google

resonance imaging, and myelography in the diagnosis of herniated Cerca con Google

nucleus pulposus and spinal stenosis. J Spinal Disord 6 (4): 289–295, Cerca con Google

1993. Cerca con Google

114. Reul J, Gievers B, Weis J, Thron A: Assessment of the narrow Cerca con Google

cervical spinal canal: a prospective comparison of MRI, myelography and Cerca con Google

CT-myelography. Neuroradiology 37 (3): 187–191, 1995. Cerca con Google

115. Ohshio I, Hatayama A, Kaneda K, Takahara M, Nagashima K: Cerca con Google

Correlation between histopathologic features and magnetic resonance Cerca con Google

images of spinal cord lesions. Spine 18 (9): 1140–1149, 1993. Cerca con Google

116. Panjabi MM, Yue JJ, Dvorak J, Goel V, Fairchild TA, White AA. Cerca con Google

Cervical Spine Kinematics and Clinical Instability. In: The Cervical Spine Cerca con Google

Research Society (ed): The cervical spine, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Cerca con Google

Williams & Wilkins, 2005; 55–78. Cerca con Google

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record