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Chemedikian, Silva Vahe (2010) Risk Sharing and Supplier Development in the Spanish Automotive Industry. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Abstract (inglese)

In the automotive industry, where a large and increasing share of the final product value is produced by Car Makers' suppliers, the vertical inter-firm relationships are of major interest to academics and practitioners. Traditionally the close inter-firm vertical collaboration is a key element of the “Japanese model” that is contra posed to the adversarial US model. Key features of the first one are the efforts of the Car Makers to develop their suppliers and absorb part of their business risk. During the years there is an evolution in the models applied: The Western and the Japanese enterprises learn from each other and this leads to a convergence in the approaches used.
The thesis is structured in four chapters. The first one provides a review of studies related to the supplier relationships in the automotive industry.
The second chapter explores how the Car Makers’ policies and actions concerning the management of supplier relationships influence the supplier’s performance in terms of development of capabilities and improvements. We analyze the relations between Nissan’s and Seat’s plants in Barcelona and their most important Spanish suppliers. Our sample includes 46 suppliers for Nissan and 77 suppliers for Seat. We find positive relationship between improvements achieved by suppliers and their dependence on Car Makers, the assistance provided by Car Makers, their involvement in design and technological decisions and the level of collaboration.
Chapter number three analyses how the purchasing function is organized at Nissan Europe and describes its evolution. The information we use is gathered during my internship at the purchasing department of the Nissan Barcelona plant.
Chapter number four investigates the levels and the determinants of risk sharing in buyer-supplier relationships. Building on previous research we test an agency model that relates the level of buyer’s risk absorption to supplier’s environmental uncertainty, risk aversion and moral hazard. We use data related to the relationship between Nissan Barcelona plant and its first tier supplier network. Our results confirm agency theory predictions and show that Nissan absorbs risk from its suppliers to a non negligible but lower than before the alliance with Renault degree.

Abstract (italiano)

Nell’industria automobilistica, dove grande a crescente parte del valore del prodotto finale è prodotta dal fornitori degli assemblatori di macchine, le relazioni di fornitura sono di grande interesse per gli academici e i manager. Tradizionalmente, il modello Giapponese di partnership e collaborazione e’ contrapposto al modello Occidentale di relazioni tra avversari. Elementi principali del primo modello sono gli sforzi degli assemblatori di macchine di sviluppare i loro fornitori e assumere parte del rischio di fluttuazioni dei costi delle materie prime. Negli anni si nota evoluzione dei modelli di fornitura applicati. Lo scambio di best practices tra le imprese porta alla convergenza tra gli approcci usati dalle imprese Occidentali e Giapponesi.
La tesi è composta da quattro capitoli. Il primo revisiona e commenta degli studi relative alle relazioni di fornitira nell settore automobilistico.
Il secondo capitolo studia come le politiche e azioni dell’assemblatore di machine relative alle relazioni di fornitura influiscono sulle prestazioni dei fornitori in termini di svulippo delle loro capacità. Noi analiziamo le relazioni tra le fabbriche di Nissan e Seta a Barcelona e i loro più importanti fornitori Spagnoli. Il nostro campione è composto da 46 fornitori di Nissan e 77 fornitori di Seat. I risultati delle stime del nostro modello confrmano la relazione positiva tra i miglioramenti ottenuti dai fornitori e la loro dipendenza dagli assemblatori di automobili, l'assistenza fornita dagli assemblatori di automobili, il loro coinvolgimento nella progettazione e decisioni tecnologiche e il livello di collaborazione nella relazione di fornitura.
Il terzo capitolo analizza come è organizzata e come evolve la funzione acquisti presso Nissan Europe. L’informazione usata è stata raccolta durante il mio stage presso l’ufficio acquisti della fabbrica Nissan a Barcelona.
Il capitolo quattro studia i livelli e le determinanti della condivisione dei rischio tra assemblatore di automobili e i suoi fornitori. Basandosi su ricerche precedenti, abbiamo stimato un modello economico di agenzia che mette in relazione il livello di assunzione del rischio di fluttuazioni dei costi delle materie prime da parte dell’assemblatore di macchine e l'avversione al rischio e il azzardo morale dei fornitori. Noi utilizziamo dati relativi ai rapporti di fornitura tra la fabbrica di Nissan a Barcelona e una parte rapperesentativa dei suoi fornitori di primo livello. I nostri risultati confermano le ipotesi della teoria dell’ agenzia e mostrano che Nissan assume un rischio, considerevole ma minore rispetto al periodo prima dell’alleanza con Renault, legato alle fluttuazioni dei costi delle materie prime.

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Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Camuffo, Arnaldo
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 21 > Scuole per il 21simo ciclo > ECONOMIA E MANAGEMENT
Data di deposito della tesi:NON SPECIFICATO
Anno di Pubblicazione:28 Gennaio 2010
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):agency theory, automotive industry, supplier development, risk sharing
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-P/08 Economia e gestione delle imprese
Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-P/10 Organizzazione aziendale
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno"
Codice ID:2701
Depositato il:21 Set 2010 10:55
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