Seddon, Frederick and Biasutti, Michele (2008) Strategies and roles adopted by members of a rock band during group composition. [Preprint]
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This observational case study examined the strategies and roles adopted by the three members of a rock band during four, two hour group composition sessions as they interacted with computer-based composition software to compose a new song for their repertoire. Musician interactions with the computer-based software involved constructing musical "loops" that were subsequently combined in order to construct a "backing track" with which the musicians played in synchrony. The musician’s behaviours during the four group composition sessions were recorded on videotape for future analysis. In order to examine their group composition strategies, these behaviours were subjected to a coded time analysis based on a coding scheme that emerged during a qualitative analysis of the videotape data. The coding scheme was constructed from the 17 behaviour "categories" that had emerged previously from the video data. Six activity "themes" emerged from the 17 behaviour ‘categories’ that were subsequently interpreted by the researchers as: "playing", "listening", "experimenting", "communicating", "constructing", and "off task". In order to examine the "roles" the musicians adopted, their verbal dialogue was analysed according to Belbin’s nine team roles and results revealed that each of the musicians adopted different combinations of the nine Belbin roles during the group composition process. Researcher interpretations of the composition ‘roles’ adopted by the three musicians were: "leader", "negotiator" and "experimenter" and it is proposed that the musician’s "roles" have emerged over time, are stable and are implicitly acknowledged and accepted by the musicians and contribute to their successful group composition process.
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