Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

| Crea un account

Deguchi, Chizuru (2011) Segmental and supra-segmental aspects of speech perception in familiar and unfamiliar languages: Influence of the listener's native language as revealed by Event-related potentials (ERPs). [Tesi di dottorato]

Full text disponibile come:

[img]
Anteprima
Documento PDF - Versione sottomessa
2916Kb

Abstract (inglese)

The phonological structure differs between languages. Human brain structure subserving speech perception is shaped through early exposure to and long-term experience with one’s native language, so that the sensitivity to specific acoustic cues that are relevant in that language develops. Such adaptive process of brain plasticity facilitates to recognize phonemes and capture prosodic signals correctly in the native language, whereas it augments difficulty to perceive some linguistic cues in foreign languages. Speech phonology consists of segmental and suprasegmental components. Segmental components are expressed by formants defining phonemes, and suprasegmental components are defined by pitch (fundamental frequency: F0), intensity and temporal parameters (duration of phonemes and of pauses). The present studies are aimed at investigating cortical auditory processing of segmental and suprasegmental components of speech using the techniques of event-related brain potentials (ERPs).
In Study I, two experiments were conducted to explore the auditory perception of vowels that belong or not to the phonemic inventory of listeners’ native language. The mismatch negativity (MMN) is an ERP component reflecting pre-attentive detection of auditory deviance compared with the integrated representation of standard features in the sensory memory (Näätänen et al., 2007; Kujala et al., 2007 for reviews). In the present study, this component was used to tap language-specific long-term memory traces for vowels (Näätänen et al., 1997; Cheour et al., 1998; Winkler et al., 1999a). An auditory sequence including four vowels (one standard and three deviants), each pronounced by three speakers, was presented in passive and active listening conditions. When all the vowels were distinctive in the native inventory (Experiment 1), the MMN was elicited by each deviant vowel category independently of speaker variability, demonstrating pre-attentive categorization based on long-term memory traces. By contrast, when a part of vowels did not belong to the native phonemic inventory (Experiment 2), deviant vowels did not elicit MMNs, indicating the lack of automatic categorization. Moreover, speaker’s variability interacted with vowel category only in the active listening condition, as reflected by behavioral data and cognitive ERP components, suggesting that listeners depended more on conscious acoustic analysis of each stimulus than on pre-attentive categorization, when the deviant to discriminate is physically similar to the standard or is not supported by the inventory in the native language.
In Study II, another experiment (Experiment 3) was conducted to investigate the perception of small and large pitch changes embedded in sentences spoken in listeners’ native language, jabberwocky or a foreign language. Behavioral performance in a pitch change detection task and the ERP components elicited by pitch changes (an early centro-temporal negativity and a later positivity) were analyzed. Results showed that subjects processed phrasal pitch better in their native language than in the foreign language, while the results for jabberwocky sentences were intermediate, suggesting that both familiar prosodic patterns and natural and meaningful context in the native language help listeners to detect subtle changes in phrasal pitch contour.
Overall results confirmed that long-term experience with one’s native language has effects from early stages of cortical auditory processing involved in speech perception, modulating conscious perception of speech stimuli in different languages.

Abstract (italiano)

La struttura fonologica varia tra le lingue. I sistemi neurali nel cervello umano che sottostanno la percezione del linguaggio parlato vengono strutturati mediante l’esposizione precoce e la lunga esperienza con la lingua nativa, in modo che la sensibilità a specifici segnali acustici che sono pertinenti in quella lingua si sviluppi in modo ottimale ed estremamente efficiente. Tale processo adattivo di plasticità cerebrale facilita il riconoscimento dei fonemi e l’acquisizione degli indizi prosodici nella lingua nativa. D’altro canto, lo stesso processo aumenta la difficoltà di percepire alcuni segnali linguistici in lingue straniere. La presente tesi presenta degli studi effettuati per indagare l’elaborazione corticale delle componenti segmentali e soprasegmentali del linguaggio parlato utilizzando le tecniche di potenziali evento-relati (ERP).
Nello Studio I, sono stati condotti due esperimenti sulla percezione uditiva delle vocali che appartengono o non appartengono all'inventario fonemico della lingua nativa dei soggetti. La Mismatch Negativity (MMN) è una componente di ERP che riflette la rilevazione pre-attentiva della devianza acustica dello stimolo attuale rispetto alla rappresentazione integrata dello stimolo standard nella memoria sensoriale (Näätänen, 2007; Kujala et al., 2007) ed è stata utilizzata anche per sondare le rappresentazioni lingua-specifiche nella memoria a lungo termine (Näätänen, 1997; Cheour et al., 1998; Winkler et al., 1999a). Una sequenza uditiva è stata costruita con quattro vocali (una standard e tre devianti), ciascuna pronunciata da tre parlanti diverse, ed è stata presentata ai soggetti nelle condizioni di ascolto attivo e passivo. Quando tutte le vocali erano distintive nell'inventario della lingua nativa, la MMN è stata generata da ciascuna vocale deviante indipendentemente dalla variabilità delle parlanti, dimostrando la categorizzazione pre-attentiva basata sulle rappresentazioni nella memoria a lungo termine (Esperimento 1). Al contrario, quando una parte delle vocali non apparteneva all'inventario fonemico nativo, la MMN è stata generata da nessuna delle vocali devianti, che indica la mancanza di categorizzazione automatica (Esperimento 2). Inoltre, la variabilità dovuta alle parlanti ha interagito con la categoria vocale nella condizione di ascolto attivo, come risulta dai dati comportamentali e dalle componenti cognitive di ERP, quando il deviante per discriminare è fisicamente simile allo standard (Esperimento 1) oppure non è supportato dall'inventario nella lingua nativa (Esperimento 2), suggerendo che l’analisi acustica consapevole ed altre strategie cognitive sono impiegate per categorizzare i devianti acusticamente difficili o ambigui.
Nello Studio II (Esperimento 3), è stata indagata la percezione dei cambiamenti piccoli e grandi di altezza tonale (pitch) immessi nelle frasi parlate nella lingua nativa degli ascoltatori, jabberwocky o in una lingua straniera. Sono state analizzate le prestazioni in un compito di rilevazione delle incongruenze prosodiche e gli ERP generati dai cambiamenti di altezza tonale (una componente negativa precoce e una positività più tardiva). I risultati hanno dimostrato che i soggetti sono più efficienti ad elaborare l’altezza tonale nel contesto frasale della loro lingua nativa che della lingua straniera, mentre i risultati per le frasi in jabberwocky erano intermedi, suggerendo che sia la prosodia familiare che il contesto naturale e semanticamente interpretabile della lingua nativa aiutano gli ascoltatori a rilevare i cambiamenti sottili di altezza tonale.
I risultati globali di questi studi hanno confermato che la lunga esperienza con la lingua nativa ha un impatto sull’elaborazione uditiva nella corteccia fin dagli stadi precoci della percezione del linguaggio parlato, di conseguenza modulando la percezione cosciente degli stimoli parlati in lingue diverse.

Statistiche Download - Aggiungi a RefWorks
Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Colombo, Lucia
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 23 > Scuole per il 23simo ciclo > SCIENZE PSICOLOGICHE > SCIENZE COGNITIVE
Data di deposito della tesi:NON SPECIFICATO
Anno di Pubblicazione:28 Gennaio 2011
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):speech perception, cross-linguistic, ERP
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-PSI/01 Psicologia generale
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione
Codice ID:3677
Depositato il:19 Lug 2011 17:24
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format

Bibliografia

I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

Aaltonen, O., Eerola, O., Hellström, A., Uusipaikka, E., & Lang, A.H. (1997). Perceptual magnet Cerca con Google

effect in the light of behavioral and psychophysiological data. Journal of the Acoustical Society Cerca con Google

of America, 101, 1090–105. Cerca con Google

Abercrombie, D.( 1967). Elements of General Phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Cerca con Google

Alho, K., Donauer, N., Paavilainen, P., Reinikainen, K., Sams, M., & Näätänen, R. (1987a). Cerca con Google

Stimulus selection during auditory spatial attention as expressed by event-related potentials. Cerca con Google

Biological Psychology, 24, 153–162. Cerca con Google

Alho, K., Töttölä, K., Reinikainen, K., Sams, M., & Näätänen, R. (1987b). Brain mechanism of Cerca con Google

selective listening reflected by eventrelated potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 68, 458–470. Cerca con Google

Alho, K., Sainio, K., Sajaniemi, N., Reinikainen, K., Näätänen, R., (1990). Eventrelated brain Cerca con Google

potential of human newborns to pitch change of an acoustic stimulus. Electroencephalography Cerca con Google

and Clinical Neurophysiology, 77, 151–155. Cerca con Google

Alho, K., Connolly, J.F., Cheour, M., Lehtokoski, A., Huotilainen, M., Virtanen, J., Aulanko, R., & Cerca con Google

Ilmoniemi, R.J. (1998). Hemispheric lateralization in preattentive processing of speech sounds. Cerca con Google

Neuroscience Letters, 258, 9–12. Cerca con Google

Amenedo, E., & Escera, C. (2000). The accuracy of sound duration representation in the human Cerca con Google

brain determines the accuracy of behavioural perception. European Journal of Neuroscience, Cerca con Google

12, 2570–4. Cerca con Google

Aslin, R.N., Saffran, J.R., & Newport, E.L. (1998). Computation of conditional probability statistics Cerca con Google

by human infants. Psychological Science, 9, 321–324. Cerca con Google

Astesano, C., Besson, M., & Alter, K. (2004). Brain potentials during semantic and prosodic Cerca con Google

processing in French. Cognitive Brain Research, 18(2), 172–184. Cerca con Google

Atienza, M., Cantero, J. L., Grau, C., Gomez, C., Dominguez-Marin, E., & Escera, C. (2003). Cerca con Google

Effects of temporal encoding on auditory object formation: A mismatch negativity study. Cerca con Google

Cognitive Brain Research, 16, 359–371. Cerca con Google

Baldeweg, T., Richardson, A., Watkins, S., Foale, C., & Gruzelier, J. (1999). Impaired auditory Cerca con Google

frequency discrimination in dyslexia detected with mismatch evoked potentials. Annals of Cerca con Google

Neurology, 45, 495–503. Cerca con Google

Banai, K., Nicol, T., Zecker, S.G., & Kraus, N. (2005). Brainstem timing: Implications for cortical Cerca con Google

processing and literacy. Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 9850–9857. Cerca con Google

Bendixen, A., Roeber, U., & Schröger, E. (2007). Regularity extraction and application in dynamic Cerca con Google

auditory stimulus sequences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(10), 1664–1677. Cerca con Google

106 Cerca con Google

Bendixen, A., & Schröger, E. (2008). Memory trace formation for abstract auditory features and its Cerca con Google

consequences in different attentional contexts. Biological Psychology, 78, 231–241. Cerca con Google

Bentin, S., Kutas, M., & Hillyard, S.A. (1993). Electrophysiological evidence for task effects on Cerca con Google

semantic priming in auditory word processing. Psychophysiology, 30(2), 161–9. Cerca con Google

Bentin, S., Mouchetant-Rostaing, Y., Giard,M.H., Echallier, J.F., & Pernier, J. (1999). ERP Cerca con Google

manifestations of processing printed words at different psycholinguistic levels: Time course Cerca con Google

and scalp distribution. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11, 235–260. Cerca con Google

Berti, S., Roeber, U., & Schröger, E. (2004). Bottom–up influences on working memory: behavioral Cerca con Google

and electrophysiological distraction varies with distractor strength, Experimental Psychology, Cerca con Google

51, 249–257. Cerca con Google

Bertoncini, J., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Blumstein, S. E., & Mehler, J. (1987). Discrimination in neonates Cerca con Google

of very short CV’s. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 82, 31–37. Cerca con Google

Best, C.T. (1994). The emergence of language-specific phonemic influences in infant speech Cerca con Google

perception. (GoodmanJ., NusbaumH C., Ed.). Development of speech perception: The Cerca con Google

transition from speech sounds to spoken words, pp 167–224., Cambridge, MA. Cerca con Google

Best, C.T. (1995). A Direct realist perspective on cross-language speech perception. In W. Strange Cerca con Google

& J.J. Jenkins (eds), Cross-language speech perception, Timotium, MD, York Press, pp 171- Cerca con Google

204. Cerca con Google

Best, C.T., McRoberts, G.W., & Sithole, N.M. (1988). Examination of the perceptual reorganization Cerca con Google

for nonnative speech contrasts: Zulu click discrimination by English-speaking Cerca con Google

adults and infants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Cerca con Google

14, 345–360. Cerca con Google

Best, C., & Strange, W. (1992). Effects of phonological and phonetic factors on cross-language Cerca con Google

perception of approximants. Journal of Phonetics, 20(3), 305–330. Cerca con Google

Best, C. T, Lafleur, R., & McRoberts, G. W. (1995). Divergent developmental patterns for infants’ Cerca con Google

perception of two nonnative contrasts. Infant Behavior and Development, 18, 339–350. Cerca con Google

Berti, S., Roeber, U., & Schröger, E. (2004). Bottom-up influences on working memory: behavioral Cerca con Google

and electrophysiological distraction varies with distractor strength, Experimental Cerca con Google

Psychology, 51, 249–257. Cerca con Google

Bertoncini, J., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Blumstein, S.E., & Mehler, J. (1987). Discrimination in neonates Cerca con Google

of very short CV’s. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 82, 31–37. Cerca con Google

Boemio, A., Fromm, S., Braun, A., & Poeppel, D. (2005). Hierarchical and asymmetric temporal Cerca con Google

sensitivity in human auditory cortices. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 389–395. Cerca con Google

Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (1996). Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer, version 3.4. Cerca con Google

107 Cerca con Google

Institute of Phonetic Sciences of the University of Amsterdam, Report 132. Cerca con Google

Bradlow, A.R., & Pisoni, D.B., Akahane-Yamada, R., & Tohkura, Y. (1997). Training Japanese Cerca con Google

listeners to identify English /r/ and /l/: IV. Some effects of perceptual learning on speech Cerca con Google

production. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101(4), 2299–2310. Cerca con Google

Brunellière, A., Dufour, S., Nguyen, N., Frauenfelder, U.H., (2009). Behavioral and Cerca con Google

electrophysiological evidence for the impact of regional variation on phoneme perception. Cerca con Google

Cognition, 111, 390–396. Cerca con Google

Chandrasekaran, B., Krishnan, A., Gandour, J.T. (2007). mismatch negativity to pitch contours is Cerca con Google

influenced by language experience. Brain Research, 1128, 148–156. Cerca con Google

Cheour, M., Ceponiente, R., Lehtokoski, A., Luuk, A., Allik, J., Alho, K., Näätänen, R., (1998). Cerca con Google

Development of language-specific phoneme representations in the infant brain. Nature Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 1, 351–353. Cerca con Google

Cheour, M., Shestakova, A., Alku, P., Čeponienė, R., & Näätänen, R. (2002). Image eponienImage Cerca con Google

and R. Näätänen, Mismatch negativity shows that 3–6-year-old children can learn to Cerca con Google

discriminate non-native speech sounds within two months. Neuroscience Letters, 325, 187– Cerca con Google

190. Cerca con Google

Christophe, A., Gout, A., Peperkamp, S., & Morgan, J. (2003). Discovering words in the continuous Cerca con Google

speech stream: The role of prosody. Journal of Phonetics, 31(3–4), 585–598. Cerca con Google

Christophe, A., Peperkamp, S., Pallier, C., Block, E., & Mehler, J. (2004). Phonological phrase Cerca con Google

boundaries constrain lexical access: I. Adult data. Journal of Memory and Language, 51(4), Cerca con Google

523–547. Cerca con Google

Colombo, L. (1992). Lexical stress effect and its interaction with frequency in word pronunciation. Cerca con Google

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18(4), 987–1003. Cerca con Google

Colombo, L., Deguchi, C., Boureux, M., Sarlo, M., & Besson, M. (2010). Detection of pitch Cerca con Google

variation depends upon the familiarità of intonational contour of sentences. Doi: Cerca con Google

10.1016/j.cortex.2010.03.008. Cerca con Google

Connolly, J.F., Phillips, N.A., Stewart, S.H., & Brake, W.G. (1992). Event-related potential Cerca con Google

sensitivity to acoustic and semantic properties of terminal words in sentences. Brain and Cerca con Google

Language, 43(1), 1–18. Cerca con Google

Connolly, J.F., & Phillips, N.A. (1994). Event-related potential components reflect phonological and Cerca con Google

semantic processing of the terminal word of spoken sentences. Journal of Cognitive Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 6(3), 256–266. Cerca con Google

Cowan, N., Winkler, I., Teder, W., & Näätänen, R. (1993). Memory prerequisites of the mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity in the auditory event-related potential (ERP). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Cerca con Google

108 Cerca con Google

Human Perception and Performance, 19, 909–921. Cerca con Google

Crowder, R.G., Serafine, M.L. & Repp, B. (1990). Physical interaction and association by Cerca con Google

contiguity in memory for the words and melodies of songs. Memory and Cognition, 18, 468– Cerca con Google

476. Cerca con Google

Csépe, V., Pantev, C., Hoke, M., Hampson, S., & Ross, B. (1992). Evoked magnetic responses of Cerca con Google

the human auditory cortex to minor pitch changes: localization of the mismatch field. Cerca con Google

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 84, 538–48. Cerca con Google

Cutler, A., & Carter, D.M. (1987). The predominance of strong initial syllables in the English Cerca con Google

vocabulary. Computer Speech and Language, 2, 133–142. Cerca con Google

Cutler, A., & Norris, D.G. (1988). The role of strong syllables in segmentation for lexical access. Cerca con Google

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 14, 113–121. Cerca con Google

Cutler, A., Dahan, D., & van Donselaar, W. (1997). Prosody in the comprehension of spoken Cerca con Google

language: A literature review. Language and Speech, 40 (2), 141–201. Cerca con Google

Cycowicz, Y.M, & Friedman, D. (1998). Effect of sound familiarity on the eventrelated potentials Cerca con Google

elicited by novel environmental sounds. Brain and Cognition, 36, 30–51. Cerca con Google

Deguchi, C., Chobert, J., Brunellière, A., Dufour, S., Nguyen, N., & Besson, M. (2010) Preattentive Cerca con Google

and attentive processing of French vowels, Brain Research, 1366, 149–161. Cerca con Google

Delattre, P.C., Liberman, A.M., Cooper, F.S., & Gerstman, L.J., (1952). An experimental study of Cerca con Google

the acoustic determinants of vowel colour: Observation on one- and two-formant vowels Cerca con Google

synthesized from spectrographic patterns. Word, 8, 195–210. Cerca con Google

Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (1997). Electrophysiological correlates of categorical phoneme perception in Cerca con Google

adults. NeuroReport, 8, 919–924. Cerca con Google

Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Dupoux, E., & Gout, A. (2000). Electrophysiological Correlates of Cerca con Google

Phonological processing : a cross-linguistic study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(4), Cerca con Google

635–647. Cerca con Google

Dehaene-Lambertz, G., & Pena, M. (2001) Electrophysiological evidence for automatic phonetic Cerca con Google

processing in neonates, NeuroReport, 12, 3155–3158. Cerca con Google

Di Cristo, A., & Hirst, D. (1998). Intonation systems. Cambridge: Cambridge university press. Cerca con Google

Diesch, E., & Luce, T., (2000). Topographic and temporal indices of vowel spectral envelope Cerca con Google

extraction in the human auditory cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 878–893. Cerca con Google

Dilley, L., & McAuley, J.D. (2008). Distal prosodic context affects word segmentation and lexical Cerca con Google

processing. Journal of Memory and Language, 59(3), 294–311. Cerca con Google

D'Imperio, M., Petrone, C. & Nguyen, N. (2007). Effects of tonal alignment on lexical identification Cerca con Google

109 Cerca con Google

in Italian. In Gussenhoven C. and Riad T. (Eds), Tones and tunes. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, Cerca con Google

79–106. Cerca con Google

Dobel, C., Lagemann, L., & Zwitserlood, P. (2009). Non-native phonemes in adult word learning: Cerca con Google

evidence from the N400m. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Cerca con Google

Sciences, 364, 3697–3709. Cerca con Google

Donchin, E., & Coles, M., (1988). Is the P300 component a manifestation of context updating? Cerca con Google

Behavioral Brain Science, 11, 357–374. Cerca con Google

Dupoux, E., Pallier, C., Sebastian-Gallés, N., & Mehler, J. (1997). A destressing “deafness” in Cerca con Google

French? Journal of Memory and Language, 36, 406–421. Cerca con Google

Eimas, P.D., Siqueland, E.R., Jusczyk, P.W., & Vigorito, J. (1971). Speech perception in infants. Cerca con Google

Science, 171, 303–306. Cerca con Google

Eimas, P.D. (1974). Auditory and linguistic processing of cues for place of articulation by infants. Cerca con Google

Perception & Psychophysics, 16, 513–521. Cerca con Google

Eimas, P.D. (1975). Auditory and phonetic coding of the cues for speech: Discrimination of the [r-l] Cerca con Google

distinction by young infants. Perception & Psychophysics, 18, 341–347. Cerca con Google

Eimas, P.D., & Miller, J.L. (1980). Discrimination of the information for manner of articulation. Cerca con Google

Infant Behavior & Development, 3, 367–375. Cerca con Google

Eisner, F., & McQueen, J.M. (2005). The specificity of perceptual learning in speech processing. Cerca con Google

Perception & Psychophysics, 67 (2), 224–238. Cerca con Google

Embick, D., Hackl, M., Schaeffer, J., Kelepir, M., & Marantz, A. (2001). A Cerca con Google

magnetoencephalographic component whose latency reflects lexical frequency. Cognitive Brain Cerca con Google

Research, 10, 345–348. Cerca con Google

Escera, C., Alho, K., Winkler, I., & Näätänen, R. (1998). Neural mechanisms of involuntary Cerca con Google

attention switching to novelty and change in the acoustic environment. Journal of Cognitive Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 10, 590–604. Cerca con Google

Escera, C., Alho, K., Schröger, E., & Winkler, I. (2000). Involuntary attention and distractibility as Cerca con Google

evaluated with event-related brain potentials. Audiology & Neuro-Otology, 5, 151–166. Cerca con Google

Flege, J.E. (1995). Second language speech learning theory, findings, and problems. In (ed. W. Cerca con Google

Strange), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. Cerca con Google

233–277). Baltimore, MD: York Press. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D. (2002). Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing. Trends in Cognitive Cerca con Google

Sciences, 6, 78–84. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., Pfeifer, E., & Hahne, A. (1993). Event-related brain potentials during natural Cerca con Google

speech processing: effects of semantic, morphological and syntactic violations. Cognitive Cerca con Google

110 Cerca con Google

Brain Research, 1(3), 183–92. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D. & Mecklinger, A. (1996). Syntactic parsing as revealed by brain responses: Firstpass Cerca con Google

and second-pass parsing processes. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 25, 157–176. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., Hahne, A., & Mecklinger, A. (1996). Temporal structure of syntactic parsing: early Cerca con Google

and late event-related brain potential effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: L Cerca con Google

earning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 1219–1248. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., Meyer, M., & von Cramon, D.Y. (2000a). Auditory Language Comprehension: An Cerca con Google

Event-Related fMRI Study on the Processing of Syntactic and Lexical Information. Brain Cerca con Google

and Language, 74, 289–300. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., Wang, Y.H., Herrmann, C.S., Maess, B., & Oertel, U. (2000b). Localization of Cerca con Google

early syntactic processes in frontal and temporal cortical areas: A magnetoencephalographic Cerca con Google

study. Human Brain Mapping, 11(1), 1–11. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., & Kotz, S.A. (2003). The brain basis of syntactic processes: Functional imaging Cerca con Google

and lesion studies. NeuroImage, 20, 8–17. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., & Alter, K. (2004). Lateralization of auditory language functions: A dynamic dual Cerca con Google

pathway model, Brain and Language, 89, 267–276. Cerca con Google

Friederici, A.D., von Cramon, D.Y. & Kotz, S.A. (2007). Role of the corpus callosum in speech Cerca con Google

comprehension: Interfacing syntax and prosody. Neuron, 53, 135–145. Cerca con Google

Friedman, D., Cycowicz, Y.M, & Gaeta, H. (2001).The novelty P3: an event-related brain potential Cerca con Google

(ERP) sign of the brain's evaluation of novelty. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, Cerca con Google

25, 355–373. Cerca con Google

Fry, D.B., Abramson, A.S., Eimas, P.D., & Liberman, A.M. (1962). The identification and Cerca con Google

discrimination of synthetic vowels. Language and Speech, 5, 171–189. Cerca con Google

Fujioka, T., Ross, B., Kakigi, R., Pantev, C., & Trainor, L. (2006). One year of musical training Cerca con Google

affects development of auditory cortical-evoked fields in young children. Brain, 129, 2593– Cerca con Google

2608. Cerca con Google

Gandour, J., Dzemidzic, M., Wong, D., Lowe, M., Tong, Y., Hsieh, L., Satthamnuwong, N., & Cerca con Google

Lurito, J. (2003). Temporal integration of speech prosody is shaped by language experience: Cerca con Google

An fMRI study. Brain and Language, 84(3), 318–336. Cerca con Google

Garner, W.R. (1974). The processing of information and structure. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Cerca con Google

Potomac, MD. Cerca con Google

Giard, M.H., Perrin, F., Pernier, J., & Bouchet, P. (1990). Brain generators implicated in processing Cerca con Google

of auditory stimulus deviance: a topographic event-related potential study. Psychophysiology, Cerca con Google

27, 627–40. Cerca con Google

111 Cerca con Google

Giard, M.H., Perrin, F., Echallier, J.F., Thevenet, M., Froment J.C., & Pernier, J. (1994). Cerca con Google

Dissociation of temporal and frontal components in the human auditory N1 wave: a scalp Cerca con Google

current density and dipole model analysis. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 92, 238–252. Cerca con Google

Giard, M.H., Lavikainen, J., Reinikainen, K., Perrin, F., Bertrand, O., Thévenet, M., Pernier, J., & Cerca con Google

Naatanen, R. (1995). Separate representation of stimulus frequency, intensity, and duration Cerca con Google

in auditory sensory memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 133–43. Cerca con Google

Gomes, H., Ritter, W., & Vaughan Jr., H.G. (1995). The nature of preattentive storage in the Cerca con Google

auditory system. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 81–94. Cerca con Google

Gomes, H., Bernstein, R., Ritter, W., Vaughan Jr., H.G., & Miller, J. (1997). Storage of feature Cerca con Google

conjunctions in transient auditory memory. Psychophysiology, 34, 712–716. Cerca con Google

Gomez, R.L., & Gerken, L.A. (1999). Artificial grammar learning by 1-year-olds leads to specific Cerca con Google

and abstract knowledge. Cognition, 70, 109–135. Cerca con Google

Goto, H. (1971). Auditory perception by normal Japanese adults of the sounds “l” and “r”. Cerca con Google

Neuropsychologia, 9, 317–323. Cerca con Google

Gottfried, T. L. (1984). Effects of consonant context on the perception of French vowels. Journal of Cerca con Google

Phonetics, 12, 91–114. Cerca con Google

Grabe, E., & Low, E.L. (2002). Durational Variability in Speech and the Rhythm Class Hypothesis. Cerca con Google

Laboratory Phonology, 7 (Eds. Gussenhoven & Warner; Mouton [Berlin]), 515–546. Cerca con Google

Hahne, A., & Friederici, A.D. (1999). Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic Cerca con Google

analysis: Early automatic and late controlled processes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Cerca con Google

11(2), 194–205. Cerca con Google

Hansen, J.C., & Hillyard, S.A. (1980). Endogenous brain potentials associated with selective Cerca con Google

auditory attention. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 49, 277–290. Cerca con Google

Hansen, J.C., & Hillyard, S.A. (1983). Selective attention to multidimensional auditory stimuli in Cerca con Google

man. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 9, 1–9. Cerca con Google

Hansen, J.C., & Hillyard, S. A. (1984). Effects of stimulation rate and attribute cuing on eventrelated Cerca con Google

potentials during selective auditory attention. Psychophysiology, 21, 394–405. Cerca con Google

Hickok, G., & Poeppel, D. (2000). Towards a functional neuroanatomy of speech perception. Trends Cerca con Google

in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 131–138. Cerca con Google

Hickok, G., & Poeppel, D. (2004). Dorsal and ventral streams: a framework for understanding Cerca con Google

aspects of the functional anatomy of language. Cognition, 92, 67–99. Cerca con Google

Hillenbrand, J.M. (1983). Perceptual organization of speech sounds by infants. Journal of Speech Cerca con Google

and Hearing Research, 26, 268–282. Cerca con Google

112 Cerca con Google

Hillenbrand, J.M., Minifie, F.D., & Edwards, T.J. (1979). Tempo of spectrum change as a cue in Cerca con Google

speech sound discrimination by infants. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 22, 147–165. Cerca con Google

Hillyard, S.A., Squires, K.C., Bauer, J.W., & Lindsay, P.H. (1971). Evoked potential correlates of Cerca con Google

auditory signal detection. Science, 172, 1357–1360. Cerca con Google

Hillyard, S.A., Hink, R.F., Schwent, V.L., & Picton, T.W. (1973). Electrical signs of selective Cerca con Google

attention in the human brain. Science, 182, 177–180. Cerca con Google

Hillyard, S.A., Woldorff, M., Mangun, G..R., & Hansen, J.C. (1987). Mechanisms of early selective Cerca con Google

attention in auditory and visual modalities. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, Suppl. 39, 317–24. Cerca con Google

Hisagi, M., Shafer, V.L., Strange, W., & Sussman, E.S. (2010). Perception of a Japanese vowel Cerca con Google

length contrast by Japanese and American English listeners: behavioral and Cerca con Google

electrophysiological measures. Brain Research, 1360, 89–105. Cerca con Google

Horváth, J., Winkler, I., & Bendixen, A. (2008). Do N1/MMN, P3a and RON form a strongly Cerca con Google

coupled chain reflecting the three stages of auditory distraction? Biological Psychology, 79, Cerca con Google

139–147. Cerca con Google

Houston, D.M., & Jusczyk, P.W. (2000). The role of talkerspecific information in word Cerca con Google

segmentation by infants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Cerca con Google

Performance, 26, 1570–1582. Cerca con Google

Houston, D.M., Jusczyk, P.W., & Tager, J. (1998). Talker-Specificity and the Persistence of Infants' Cerca con Google

Word Representations. In A. Greenhill et al (Eds.) Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Boston Cerca con Google

University Conference on Language Development, (pp. 385–396). Somerville, MA : Cerca con Google

Cascadilla Press. Cerca con Google

Humphries, C., Willard, K., Buchsbaum, B., & Hickok, G. (2001). Role of anterior temporal cortex Cerca con Google

in auditory sentence comprehension: an fMRI study. NeuroReport, 12, 1749–1752. Cerca con Google

Huotilainen, M., Ilmoniemi, R.J., Lavikainen, J., Tiitinen, H., Alho, K., Sinkkonen, J., Knuutila, J. Cerca con Google

& Näätanen, R. (1993). Interaction between representations of different features of auditory Cerca con Google

sensory memory. NeuroReport, 4, 1279–81. Cerca con Google

Huotilainen, M., Kujala, A., Alku, P., (2001). Long-term memory traces facilitate short-term Cerca con Google

memory trace formation in audition in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 310, 133–136. Cerca con Google

Huotilainen, M., Kujala, A., Hotakainen, M., Parkkonen, L., Taulu, S., Simola, J., Nenonen, J., Cerca con Google

Karjalainen, M., Näätänen, R. (2005). Short-term memory functions of the human fetus Cerca con Google

recorded with magnetoencephalography. NeuroReport, 16, 81–84. Cerca con Google

Isel, F., Alter, K., & Friederici, A.D. (2005). Influence of prosodic information on the processing of Cerca con Google

split particles: ERP evidence from spoken German. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(1): Cerca con Google

113 Cerca con Google

154–167. Cerca con Google

Iverson, P., & Kuhl, P. K. (1995). Mapping the perceptual magnet effect for speech using signal Cerca con Google

detection theory and multidimensional scaling. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 97, Cerca con Google

553–562. Cerca con Google

Iverson, P. & Kuhl, P. K. (1996). Influences of phonetic identification and category goodness on Cerca con Google

American listeners' perception of /r/ and /l/. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99, Cerca con Google

1130–1140. Cerca con Google

Iverson, P & Kuhl, P.K. (2000). Perceptual magnet and phoneme boundary effects in speech Cerca con Google

perception: Do they arise from a common mechanism? Perception & Psychophysics. 62(4), Cerca con Google

874–886. Cerca con Google

Jacobsen, T., Schröger, E., & Sussman, E. (2004a). Pre-attentive categorization of vowel formant Cerca con Google

structure in complex tones. Cognitive Brain Research, 20, 473–479. Cerca con Google

Jacobsen, T., Schröger, E., & Alter, K. (2004b). Pre-attentive perception of vowel phonemes from Cerca con Google

variable speech stimuli. Psychophysiology, 41, 654–659. Cerca con Google

Jakobson, R., Fant, C.M. & Halle M. (1952). Preliminaries to Speech Analysis. Cambridge MA, Cerca con Google

MIT Press. Cerca con Google

Jaramillo, M., Ilvonen, T., Kujala, T., Alku, P. Tervaniemi, M., & Alho, K. (2001). Are different Cerca con Google

kinds of acoustic features processed differently for speech and non-speech sounds? Cerca con Google

Cognitive Brain Research, 12, 459-466. Cerca con Google

Jasper, H.H. (1958). The ten-twenty electrode system of the International Federation. Cerca con Google

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 371–375. Cerca con Google

Jemel, B., Achenbach, C., Müller, B.W., Röpcke, B., & Oades, R.D. (2002). Mismatch negativity Cerca con Google

results from bilateral asymmetric dipole sources in the frontal and temporal lobes. Brain Cerca con Google

Topography, 15, 13–27. Cerca con Google

Joanisse, M.F., & Gati, J.S. (2003). Overlapping neural regions for the processing rapid temporal Cerca con Google

cues in speech and nonspeech signals. NeuroImage, 19, 64–79. Cerca con Google

Johnson, E.K., & Jusczyk, P.W. (2001). Word segmentation by 8-month-olds: When speech cues Cerca con Google

count more than statistics. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 548–567. Cerca con Google

Johnson, K.L., Nicol, T., Zecker, S.G., Bradlow, A.R., Skoe, E., & Kraus, N. (2008). Brainstem Cerca con Google

encoding of voiced consonant-vowel stop syllables. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119, 2613– Cerca con Google

2635. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W. (1999). Narrowing the distance to language: One step at a time. Journal of Cerca con Google

Communication Disorders, 32, 207–222. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Bertoncini, J., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Kennedy, L.J., & Mehler, J. (1990). The role of Cerca con Google

114 Cerca con Google

attention in speech perception by young infants. Cognitive Development, 5, 265–286. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Hirsh-Pasek, K.; Nelson, D. J.K., Kennedy, L.J., Woodward, A., & Piwoz, J. (1992a). Cerca con Google

Perception of acoustic correlates of major phrasal units by young infants. Cognitive Cerca con Google

Psychology, 24, 252–293. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Pisoni, D.B., & Mullennix, J. (1992b). Some consequences of stimulus variability on Cerca con Google

speech processing by 2-month old infants. Cognition, 43, 253–291. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Friederici, A.D., Wessels, J.M.I, Svenkrud, V.Y. & Jusczyk, A.M. (1993) Infants’ Cerca con Google

sensitivity to the sound patterns of native language words. Journal of Memory and Cerca con Google

Language, 32, 402–420. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Luce, P.A., & Charles Luce, J. (1994). Infants’ sensitivity to phonotactic patterns in Cerca con Google

the native language. Journal of Memory and Language, 33, 630–645. Cerca con Google

Jusczyk, P.W., Houston, D., & Newsome, M. (1999). The beginnings of word segmentation in Cerca con Google

English-learning infants. Cognitive Psychology, 39, 159–207. Cerca con Google

Kaganovich, N., Francis, A.L., & Melara, R.D., (2006). Electrophysiological evidence for early Cerca con Google

interaction between talker and linguistic information during speech perception. Brain Cerca con Google

Research, 1114, 161–172. Cerca con Google

King, J.W., & Kutas, M. (1995). Who did what and when? Using word- and clauselevel ERPs to Cerca con Google

monitor working memory usage in reading. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 376–395. Cerca con Google

Kirmse, U., Ylinen, S., Tervaniemi, M., Vainio, M., Schröger, E., & Jacobsen, J. (2008). Modulation Cerca con Google

of mismatch negativity (MMN) to vowel duration changes in native speakers of Finnish and Cerca con Google

German as a result of language experience. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 67, Cerca con Google

131–143. Cerca con Google

Knösche, T., Lattner, S., Maess, B., Schauer, M., & Friederici, A.D. (2002). Early parallel Cerca con Google

processing of auditory word and voice information. NeuroImage, 17, 1493–1503. Cerca con Google

Kok, A. (2001). On the utility of P3 amplitude as a measure of processing capacity. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 38, 557–577. Cerca con Google

Korzyukov, O., Alho, K., Kujala, A., Gumenyuk, V., Ilmoniemi, R. J., Virtanen, J., Kropotov, J., & Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R. (1999). Electromagnetic responses of the human auditory cortex generated by Cerca con Google

sensory-memory based processing of tone-frequency changes. Neuroscience Letters, 276, Cerca con Google

169–172. Cerca con Google

Kraus, N., McGee, T., Carrell, T.D., King, C., Tremblay, K., & Nicol, N. (1995). Central auditory Cerca con Google

plasticity associated with speech discrimination training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Cerca con Google

7, 25–32. Cerca con Google

Kraus, N., & Nicol, T.G. (2005). Brainstem origins for cortical ‘‘what’’ and ‘‘where’’ pathways in Cerca con Google

115 Cerca con Google

the auditory system. Trends in Neuroscience, 28, 176–181. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K. (1979). Speech perception in early infancy: Perceptual constancy for spectrally Cerca con Google

dissimilar vowel categories. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 66, 1668–1679. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K. (1983). Perception of auditory equivalence classes for speech in early infancy. Infant Cerca con Google

Behavior and Development, 6, 263–285. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K. (1991). Human adults and human infants show a “perceptual magnet effect” for the Cerca con Google

prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Perception & Psychophysics, 50(2), 93– Cerca con Google

107. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K. (1993). Innate predispositions and the effects of experience in speech perception: The Cerca con Google

native language magnet theory. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. Jusczyk, P. Cerca con Google

MacNeilage, & J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental Neurocognition: Speech and Face Cerca con Google

Processing in the First Year of Life (pp. 259–274). Dordrecht: Kluwer. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K. (2004). Early language acquisition: Cracking the speech code. Nature Reviews Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 5, 831–843. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K., & Miller, J.D. (1982). Discrimination of auditory target dimensions in the presence or Cerca con Google

absence of variation in a second dimension by infants. Perception & Psychophysics, 31, Cerca con Google

279–292. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P. K., Williams, K.A., Lacerda, F., Stevens, K.N., & Lindblom, B. (1992). Linguistic Cerca con Google

experiences alter phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science, 255, 606–608. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P.K., Andruski, J.E., Chistovich, L.A., Kozhevnikova, E.V., Ryskina, V.L., Stolyarova, E.I., Cerca con Google

Sundberg, U., & Lacerda, F. (1997). Cross-language analysis of phonetic units addressed to Cerca con Google

infants. Science, 277, 684–686. Cerca con Google

Kuhl, P. K., Conboy, B.T., Coffey-Corina, S., Padden, D., Rivera-Gaxiola, M. & Nelson, T. (2008). Cerca con Google

Phonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory Cerca con Google

expanded (NLM-e). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Cerca con Google

363, 979–1000. Cerca con Google

Kujala, T., Myllyviita, K., Tervaniemi, M., Alho, K., Kallio, J., & Näätänen, R. (2000). Basic Cerca con Google

auditory dysfunction in dyslexia as demonstrated by brain activity measurements. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 37, 262–266. Cerca con Google

Kujala, T., Kallio, J., Tervaniemi, M., & Näätänen, R., (2001). The mismatch negativity as an index Cerca con Google

of temporal processing in audition. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112, 1712–1719. Cerca con Google

Kujala, T., Tervaniemi, M., & Schröger, E., (2007). The mismatch negativity in cognitive and Cerca con Google

clinical neuroscience: Theoretical and methodological considerations. Biological Cerca con Google

Psychology, 74, 1–19. Cerca con Google

116 Cerca con Google

Kujala, T., & Näätänen, R., (2010). The adaptive brain: A neurophysiological perspective. Progress Cerca con Google

in Neurobiology, 91, 55–67. Cerca con Google

Kutas, M. & Hillyard, S.A. (1980). Reading senseless sentences: Brain potentials reflect semantic Cerca con Google

incongruity. Science, 207, 203–205. Cerca con Google

Lee, L., & Nusbaum, H.C. (1993). Processing interactions between segmental and suprasegmental Cerca con Google

information in native speakers of English and Mandarin Chinese. Perception & Cerca con Google

Psychophysics, 53(2), 157–165. Cerca con Google

Levänen, S., Hari, R., McEvoy, L., & Sams, M. (1993). Responses of the human auditory cortex to Cerca con Google

changes in one versus two stimulus features. Experimental Brain Research, 97, 177–83. Cerca con Google

Levänen, S., Ahonen, A., Hari, R., McEvoy, L., & Sams, M. (1996). Deviant auditory stimuli Cerca con Google

activate human left and right auditory cortex differently. Cerebral Cortex, 6, 288–96. Cerca con Google

Levitt, A., Jusczyk, P. W., Murray, J., & Carden, G. (1988). The perception of place of articulation Cerca con Google

contrasts in voiced and voiceless fricatives by two-month-old infants. Journal of Experimental Cerca con Google

Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 14, 361–368. Cerca con Google

Liberman, A.M. (1957). Some results of research on speech perception. Journal of the Acoustical Cerca con Google

Society of America, 29, 117–123. Cerca con Google

Liberman, A.M., Harris, K.S., Kinney, J.A., & Lane, H. (1961). The discrimination of relative Cerca con Google

onset-time of the components of certain speech and nonspeech patterns. Journal of Cerca con Google

Experimental Psychology, 61(5), 379–388. Cerca con Google

Liberman, A.M., Cooper F.S., Shankweiler, D.P., & Studdert-Kennedy, M. (1967). Perception of the Cerca con Google

speech code. Psychological Review, 74, 431–61. Cerca con Google

Liebenthal, E., Binder, J.R., Spitzer, S.M., Possing, E.T., & Medler, D.A. (2005). Neural Substrates Cerca con Google

of phonemic perception. Cerebral Cortex, 15, 1621–1631. Cerca con Google

Lotto, A.J., Kluender, K.R., & Holt, L.L. (1998). The Perceptual Magnet Effect depolarized. Cerca con Google

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103, 3648–3655. Cerca con Google

Lutkenhoner, B., Krumbholz, K., Lammertmann, C., Seither-Preisler, A., Steinstrater, O., & Cerca con Google

Patterson, R.D. (2003). Localization of primary auditory cortex in humans by Cerca con Google

magnetoencephalography. NeuroImage, 18, 58–66. Cerca con Google

Magne, C, Astésano, C, Aramaki, M, Ystad, S, Kronland-Martinet, R , & Besson, M. (2007). Cerca con Google

Influence of syllabic lengthening on semantic processing in spoken French: Behavioural and Cerca con Google

electrophysiological evidence, Cerebral Cortex, 17(11), 2659–2668. Cerca con Google

Mangun, G.R. (1995). Neural mechanisms of visual selective attention. Psychophysiology, 32, 4–18. Cerca con Google

Marques, C., Moreno, S., Castro, S.L., & Besson, M. (2007). Musicians detect pitch violation in a Cerca con Google

foreign language better than nonmusicians: Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. Cerca con Google

117 Cerca con Google

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(9): 1453–1463. Cerca con Google

Martin, B.A., Sigal, A., Kurtzberg, D., Stapells, D.R., (1997). The effects of decreased audibility Cerca con Google

produced by high-pass noise masking on cortical event-related potentials to speech sounds Cerca con Google

/ba/ and /da/. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101, 1585–1599. Cerca con Google

Marslen-Wilson, W.S., Tyler, L.K., Warren, P., Genier, P., & Lee, C.S. (1992). Prosodic effects in Cerca con Google

minimal attachment. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A: Human Cerca con Google

Experimental Psychology, 45A(1), 73–87. Cerca con Google

Mattys, S.L., Jusczyk, P.W., Luce, P.A., & Morgan, J.L. (1999). Word segmentation in infants: How Cerca con Google

phonotactics and prosody combine. Cognitive Psychology, 38, 465–494. Cerca con Google

Maye, J., Werker, J. F., & Gerken, L.A. (2002). Infant sensitivity to distributional information can Cerca con Google

affect phonetic discrimination. Cognition, 82, B101–B111. Cerca con Google

Mazoyer, B. M., Tzourio, N., Frak, V., Syrota, A., Murayama, N., Levrier, O., Salamon, G., Cerca con Google

Dehaene, S., Cohen, L., & Mehler, J. (1993). The cortical representation of speech. Journal of Cerca con Google

Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 467–479. Cerca con Google

McCallum, W. C., Curry, S. H., Cooper, R., Pocock, P. V., & Papakostopoulos, D. (1983). Brain Cerca con Google

event-related potentials as indicators of early selective processes in auditory target localization. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 20, 1–17. Cerca con Google

Mehler, J., Jusczyk, P.W., Lambertz, G., Halsted, N., Bertoncini, J. & Amiel-Tilson, C. (1988). A Cerca con Google

precursor of language acquisition in young infants. Cognition, 29, 144–178. Cerca con Google

Mehler, J., & Christophe, A. (1995). Maturation and learning of language in the first year of life. In Cerca con Google

M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences: A handbook for the field (pp. 943–954). Cerca con Google

Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Cerca con Google

Menning, H., Imaizumi, S., Zwitserlood, P., & Pantev, C. (2002). Plasticity of the human auditory Cerca con Google

cortex induced by discrimination learning of non-native, Mora-timed contrasts of the Japanese Cerca con Google

language. Learning and Memory, 9, 253–67. Cerca con Google

Meyer, M., Alter, K., Friederici, A.D., Lohmann, G., & von Cramon, D.Y. (2002). Functional MRI Cerca con Google

reveals brain regions mediatine slow prosodic modulations in spoken sentences. Human Brain Cerca con Google

Mapping, 17, 73–88. Cerca con Google

Meyer, M., Steinhauer, K., Alter, K., Friederici, A.D., & von Cramon, D.Y. (2004). Brain activity Cerca con Google

varies with modulation of dynamic pitch variance in sentence melody. Brain and Language, 89, Cerca con Google

277–289. Cerca con Google

Michie, P.T., Solowij, N., Crawford, J.M., & Glue, L.C. (1993). The effects of between-source Cerca con Google

discriminability on attended and unattended auditory ERPs. Psychophysiology, 30, 205–220. Cerca con Google

Mietz, A., Toepel, U., Ischebeck, A., & Alter, K. (2008). Inadequate and infrequent are not alike: Cerca con Google

118 Cerca con Google

ERPs to deviant prosodic patterns in spoken sentence comprehension. Brain and Language, Cerca con Google

104(2), 159–169. Cerca con Google

Miyawaki, K., Strange, W., Verbrugge, R., Liberman, A.M., Jenkins, J.J., & Fujimura, O. (1975). Cerca con Google

An effect of linguistic experience: The discrimination of /r/ and /l/ by native speakers of Cerca con Google

Japanese and English. Perception & Psychophysics, 18, 331–340. Cerca con Google

Moreno, S., Marques, C., Santos, A., Santos, M., Castro, S.L., & Besson, M. (2009). Musical Cerca con Google

training influences linguistic abilities in 8-year-old children: more evidence for brain plasticity. Cerca con Google

Cerebral Cortex, 19, 712–723. Cerca con Google

Myers, J., Jusczyk, P.W., Kemler Nelson, D.G., Charles-Luce, J., Woodward, A., & Hirsh-Pasek, K. Cerca con Google

(1996). Infants’ sensitivity to word boundaries in fluent speech. Journal of Child Language, 23, Cerca con Google

1–30. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., (1982). Processing negativity: An event-related potential reflection of selective Cerca con Google

attention. Psychological Bulletin, 92, 605–640. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., (1990). The role of attention in auditory information processing as revealed by eventrelated Cerca con Google

potentials and other brain measures of cognitive function. Behavioral Brain Science, Cerca con Google

13, 201–288. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., (1991). Mismatch negativity (MMN) outside strong attentional focus: a commentary Cerca con Google

on Woldorff et al. Psychophysiology, 28, 478–84. Cerca con Google

Näätänen R. (1992). Attention and Brain Function. Hillsdale, N.J: Erlbaum. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., (1995). The Mismatch Negativity: A Powerful Tool for Cognitive Neuroscience. Ear Cerca con Google

& Hearing, 16, 6–18. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., (2001). The perception of speech sounds by the human brain as reflected by the Cerca con Google

mismatch negativity (MMN) and its magnetic equivalent (MMNm). Psychophysiology, 38, Cerca con Google

1–21. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Gaillard, A.W.K., & Mäntysalo, S., (1978). Early selective attention effect on evoked Cerca con Google

potential reinterpretes. Acta Psychologica, 42, 312–329. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., & Michie, P.T. (1979). Early selective attention effects on the evoked potential. A Cerca con Google

critical review and reinterpretation. Biological Psychology, 8, 81–136. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., & Picton, T.W., (1987). The N1 wave of the human electric and magnetic response to Cerca con Google

sound: A review and analysis of the component structure. Psychophysiology, 24, 375–425. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Paavilainen, P., Alho, K., Reinikainen, K., & Sams, M. (1987). The mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity to intensity changes in an auditory stimulus sequence. Electroencephalography Cerca con Google

Clinical Neurophysiology, Suppl. 40, 125–31. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Sams, M., Alho, K., Paavilainen, P., Reinikainen, K., & Sokolov, E.N. (1988). Cerca con Google

119 Cerca con Google

Frequency and location specificity of the human vertex N1 wave. Electroencephalography Cerca con Google

and Clinical Neurophysiology, 69, 523–531. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Paavilainen P, Alho K, Reinikainen K, & Sams M. (1989). Do eventrelated potentials Cerca con Google

reveal the mechanism of the auditory sensory memory in the human brain? Neuroscience Cerca con Google

Letters, 98, 217–21. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Teder, W., Alho, K., & Lavikainen, J. (1992). Auditory attention and selective input Cerca con Google

modulation: a topographical ERP study. NeuroReport, 3, 493–496. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Paavilainen, P., Tiitinen, H., Jiang, D., & Alho, K. (1993a). Attention and mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity. Psychophysiology, 30, 436–50. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Schröger, E., Karakas, S., Tervaniemi, M., & Paavilainen, P. (1993b). Development of Cerca con Google

a memory trace for a complex sound in the human brain. NeuroReport, 4, 503–506. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Lehtokoski, A., Lennes, M., Cheor, M., Huotilainen, M., Iivonen, R., Vainio, M., Cerca con Google

Ilmonoiemi, R.J., Luuk, A., Allik, J., Sinkkonen, J., & Alho, K. (1997). Language-specific Cerca con Google

phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses. Nature, 385, Cerca con Google

432–434. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R.,& Winkler, I. (1999). The concept of auditory stimulus representation in neuroscience. Cerca con Google

Psychological Bulletin, 125, 826–859. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Tervaniemi, M., Sussman, E., Paavilainen, P., &Winkler, I. (2001). ‘‘Primitive Cerca con Google

intelligence’’ in the auditory cortex. Trends in Neurosciences, 24, 283–288. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Pakarinen, S., Rinne, T., Takegata, R. (2004). The mismatch negativity (MMN) - Cerca con Google

towards the optimal paradigm. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115, 140–4. Cerca con Google

Näätänen, R., Paavilainen, P., Rinne, T., & Alho, K. (2007). The mismatch negativity (MMN) in Cerca con Google

basic research of central auditory processing: A review. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118, Cerca con Google

2544–2590. Cerca con Google

Näätänen R, Kujala T, & Winkler I. (2011). Auditory processing that leads to conscious perception: Cerca con Google

A unique window to central auditory processing opened by the mismatch negativity and Cerca con Google

related responses. Psychophysiology, 48, 4–22. Cerca con Google

Nazzi, T., Bertoncini, J., & Mehler, J. (1998). Language discrimination by newborns: toward an Cerca con Google

understanding of the role of rhythm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Cerca con Google

Perception & Performance, 24(3), 756–766. Cerca con Google

Nazzi, T., Kemler Nelson, D.G., Jusczyk, P.W., & Jusczyk, A.M. (2000). Six-month-olds’ detection Cerca con Google

of clauses embedded in continuous speech: Effects of prosodic well-formedness. Infancy, 1, Cerca con Google

123–147. Cerca con Google

Nenonen, S., Shestakova, A., Huotilainen, M., & Näätänen, R. (2003). Linguistic relevance of Cerca con Google

120 Cerca con Google

duration within the native language determines the accuracy of speech–sound duration Cerca con Google

processing. Cognitive Brain Research, 16, 492–495. Cerca con Google

Nenonen, S., Shestakova, A., Huotilainen, M., & Näätänen, R., (2005). Speech–sound duration Cerca con Google

processing in a second language is specific to phonetic categories. Brain and Language, 92, Cerca con Google

26–32. Cerca con Google

Neville, H., Nicol, J.L., Barss, A., Forster, K.I., & Garrett, M.F. (1991). Syntactically based Cerca con Google

sentence processing classes: evidence from event-related brain potentials. Journal of Cerca con Google

Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 151–165. Cerca con Google

Newman, R.L., Connolly, J.F., Service, E., & McIvor, K. (2003). Influence of phonological Cerca con Google

expectations during a phoneme deletion task: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 40, 640–647. Cerca con Google

Newman, R.L., & Connolly, J.F. (2009). Electrophysiological markers of pre-lexical speech Cerca con Google

processing: Evidence for bottom–up and top–down effects on spoken word processing. Cerca con Google

Biological Psychology, 80(1), 114-121. Cerca con Google

Nousak, J.M.K., Deacon, D., Ritter, W., & Vaughan Jr., H.G. (1996). Storage of information in Cerca con Google

transient auditory memory. Cognitive Brain Research, 4, 305–317. Cerca con Google

Novak, G., Ritter, W., & Vaughan, H.G. (1992). The chronometry of attention-modulated processing Cerca con Google

and automatic mismatch detection. Psychophysiology, 29, 412–430. Cerca con Google

Novitski, N., Tervaniemi, M., Huotilainen, M., & Näätänen, R. (2004). Frequency discrimination at Cerca con Google

different frequency levels as indexed by electrophysiological and behavioral measures. Cerca con Google

Cognitive Brain Research, 20, 26–36. Cerca con Google

Obleser, J., Elbert, T., Lahiri, A., & Eulitz, C. (2003). Cortical representation of vowels reflects Cerca con Google

acoustic dissimilarity determined by formant frequencies. Cognitive Brain Research, 15, Cerca con Google

207–213. Cerca con Google

Obleser J., Lahiri, A., & Eulitz, C. (2004). Magnetic Brain Response Mirrors Extraction of Cerca con Google

Phonological Features from Spoken Vowels. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(1), 31–39. Cerca con Google

Okamoto, H., Stracke, H., Wolters, C.H., Schmael, F., & Pantev ,C. (2007).Attention improves Cerca con Google

population-level frequency tuning in human auditory cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(39), Cerca con Google

10383–90. Cerca con Google

Okita, T., Konishi, K., & Inamori, R. (1983). Attention-related negative brain potential for speech Cerca con Google

words and pure tones. Biological Psychology, 16, 29–47. Cerca con Google

Osterhout, L., McLaughlin, J., & Bersick, M. (1997). Event-related brain potentials and human Cerca con Google

language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1, 203–209. Cerca con Google

Osterhout, L., & Hagoort, P. (1999). A superficial resemblance does not necessarily mean you are Cerca con Google

121 Cerca con Google

part of the family: Counterarguments to Coulson, King, and Kutas (1998) in the P600/SPSP300 Cerca con Google

debate. Language and Cognitive Processes, 14, 1–14. Cerca con Google

Ostroff, J.M., Martin, B.A., & Boothroyd, A. (1998). Cortical responses to acoustic change within a Cerca con Google

syllable. Ear & Hearing, 19, 290–297. Cerca con Google

Paavilainen, P., Alho, K., Reinikainen, K., Sams, M., & Näätänen, R. (1991). Right hemisphere Cerca con Google

dominance of different mismatch negativities. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 78, 466–79. Cerca con Google

Paavilainen, P., Saarinen, J., Tervaniemi, M., & Näätänen, R. (1995). Mismatch negativity to Cerca con Google

changes in abstract sound features during dichotic listening. Journal of Psychophysiology, Cerca con Google

9:243–9. Cerca con Google

Paavilainen, P., Jaramillo, M., Näätänen, R, & Winkler I. (1999). Neuronal populations in the Cerca con Google

human brain extracting invariant relationships from acoustic variance. Neuroscience Letters, Cerca con Google

265, 179–82. Cerca con Google

Paavilainen, P., Simola, J., Jaramillo, M., Näätänen, R., & Winkler, I. (2001). Preattentive extraction Cerca con Google

of abstract feature conjunctions from auditory stimulation as reflected by the mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity (MMN). Psychophysiology, 38, 359–65. Cerca con Google

Paavilainen, P., Arajärvi, P., & Takegata, R. (2007). Preattentive detection of nonsalient Cerca con Google

contingencies between auditory features. NeuroReport, 18, 159–163. Cerca con Google

Pakarinen, S., Takegata, R., Huotilainen, M., & Näätänen, R. (2007). Measurement of extensive Cerca con Google

auditory discrimination profiles using the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the auditory Cerca con Google

event-related potential (ERP). Clinical Neurophysiology, 118, 177–185. Cerca con Google

Pakarinen, S., Huotilainen, M., & Näätänen, R. (2010). The mismatch negativity (MMN) with no Cerca con Google

standard stimulus. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121, 1043–1050. Cerca con Google

Pallier, C., Bosch, L., & Sebastian-Gallés, N. (1997). A limit on behavioral plasticity in vowel Cerca con Google

acquisition. Cognition, 64, B9–B17. Cerca con Google

Pallier, C., Colomé, A., & Sebastian-Gallés, N. (2001). The influence of native-language phonology Cerca con Google

on lexical access: exemplar-based versus abstract lexical entries. Psychological Science, Cerca con Google

12(6), 445–449. Cerca con Google

Pannekamp, A., Toepel, U., Alter, K., Hahne, A., & Friederici, A.D. (2005). Prosody-driven Cerca con Google

sentence processing: An event-related brain potential study. Journal of Cognitive Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 17(3), 407–421. Cerca con Google

Picton, T.W., Hillyard, S.A., Krausz, H.I., & Galambos, R. (1974). Human auditory evoked Cerca con Google

potentials: I. Evaluation of components. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 36, 179–190. Cerca con Google

122 Cerca con Google

Picton, T.W., Stapells, D.R., & Campbell, K.N. (1981). Auditory evoked potentials from the human Cerca con Google

cochlea and brainstem. Journal of Otolaryngology, 9 (Supplement), 1–41. Cerca con Google

Picton, T.W., Alain, C., Woods, D.L., John, M.S., Scherg, M., Valdes-Sosa, P., Bosch-Bayard, J., & Cerca con Google

Trujillo, N.J. (1999) Intracerebral sources of human auditory-evoked potentials. Audiology Cerca con Google

& Neuro-Otology, 4, 64–79. Cerca con Google

Plante, E., Creusere, M., & Sabin, C. (2002). Dissociating sentential prosody from entence Cerca con Google

processing: Activation interacts with taks demands. NeuroImage, 17, 401–410. Cerca con Google

Poeppel, D., Yellin, E., Phillips, C., Roberts, T.P., Rowley, H.A., Wexler, K. & Marantz, A. (1996). Cerca con Google

Task-induced asymmetry of the auditory evoked M100 neuromagnetic field elicited by Cerca con Google

speech sounds. Brain Research: Cognitive Brain Research, 4, 231–242. Cerca con Google

Poeppel, D. (2001). Pure word deafness and the bilateral processing of the speech code, Cognitive Cerca con Google

Science, 25, 679–693. Cerca con Google

Polich, J. (2007). Updating P300: An Integrative Theory of P3a and P3b. Clinical Neurophysiology, Cerca con Google

118(10), 2128–2148. Cerca con Google

Polka,L., & Werker, J.F. (1994). Developmentalchangesinperception of nonnative vowel contrasts. Cerca con Google

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 20, 421–435. Cerca con Google

Pollack, I. (1952). The information in elementary auditory displays. Journal of the Acoustical Cerca con Google

Society of America, 24, 745–749. Cerca con Google

Pollack, I. (1953). The information in elementary auditory displays II. Journal of the Acoustical Cerca con Google

Society of America, 25, 765–769. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., Kujala, T., Shtyrov, Y., Simola, J., Tiitinen, H., Alku, P., Alho, K., Martinkauppi, S., Cerca con Google

Ilmoniemi, R.J., & Näätänen, R. (2001). Memory traces for words as revealed by the Cerca con Google

mismatch negativity (MMN). NeuroImage, 14, 607–616. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., & Shtyrov, Y. (2003). Automatic processing of grammar in the human brain as Cerca con Google

revealed by the mismatch negativity. NeuroImage, 20, 159–172. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., Shtyrov, Y., Kujala, T., & Näätänen, R. (2004). Word-specific cortical activity as Cerca con Google

revealed by the mismatch negativity. Psychophysiology, 41, 106–112. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., Shtyrov, Y., & Ilmoniemi, R.J., (2005). Brain signatures of meaning access in Cerca con Google

action word recognition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 884–892. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., & Shtyrov, Y., (2006). Language outside the focus of attention: the mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity as a tool for studying higher cognitive processes. Progress in Neurobiology, 79, Cerca con Google

49–71. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., & Assadollahi, R. (2007). Grammar or serial order?: Discrete combinatorial brain Cerca con Google

mechanisms reflected by the syntactic mismatch negativity. Journal of Cognitive Cerca con Google

123 Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 19, 971–980. Cerca con Google

Pulvermüller, F., Shtyrov, Y., & Hauk, O. (2009). Understanding in an instant: Neurophysiological Cerca con Google

evidence for mechanistic language circuits in the brain. Brain and Language, 110, 81–94. Cerca con Google

Pylkkanen, L., Stringfellow, A., & Marantz, A. (2002). Neuromagnetic evidence for the timing of Cerca con Google

lexical activation: An MEG component sensitive to phonotactic probability but not to Cerca con Google

neighborhood density. Brain and Language, 81, 666–678. Cerca con Google

Rinne, T., Alho, K., Alku, P., Holi, M., Sinkkonen, J., Virtanen, J., Bertrand, O., & Näätänen, R. Cerca con Google

(1999). Analysis of speech sounds is left-hemisphere predominant at 100–150 ms after Cerca con Google

sound onset. NeuroReport, 10, 1113–7. Cerca con Google

Rinne, T., Alho, K., Ilmoniemi, R.J., Virtanen, J., & Näätänen, R. (2000). Separate time behaviors Cerca con Google

of the temporal and frontal mismatch negativity sources. NeuroImage, 12, 14–9. Cerca con Google

Rinne, T., Sarkka, A., Degerman, A., Schröger, E., & Alho, K. (2006).. Two separate mechanisms Cerca con Google

underlie auditory change detection and involuntary control of attention. Brain Research, Cerca con Google

1077, 135–143. Cerca con Google

Rinne, T., Balk, M. H., Koistinen, S., Autti, T., Alho, K., & Sams, M. (2008). Auditory selective Cerca con Google

attention modulates activation of human inferior collicus. Journal of Neurophysiology, 100, Cerca con Google

3323–3327. Cerca con Google

Ritter, W., Simson, R., Vaughan, H.G., & Friedman, D. (1979). A brain event related to the making Cerca con Google

of sensory discrimination. Science, 203, 1358–1361. Cerca con Google

Ritter, W., Simson, R., & Vaughan, H.G. (1983). Event-related potential correlates of two stages of Cerca con Google

information processing in physical and semantic discrimination task. Psychophysiology, 20, Cerca con Google

168–179. Cerca con Google

Ritter, W., Sussman, E., Deacon, D., Cowan, N., & Vaughan Jr., H.G. (1999). Two cognitive Cerca con Google

systems simultaneously prepared for opposite events. Psychophysiology, 36, 835–838. Cerca con Google

Rosburg, T. (2003). Left hemispheric dipole locations of the neuromagnetic mismatch negativity to Cerca con Google

frequency, intensity and duration deviants. Cognitive Brain Research, 16, 83–90. Cerca con Google

Rosburg, T., Haueisen, J., & Kreitschman-Andermahr, I. (2004). The dipole location shift within the Cerca con Google

auditory evoked neuromagnetic field components N100m and mismatch negativity Cerca con Google

(MMNm). Clinical Neurophysiology, 115:906–13. Cerca con Google

Rossi, M. (1998). Intonation in Italian. In Hirst and Di Cristo A. (Eds), Intonation Systems: A Cerca con Google

Survey of Twenty Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 219–238. Cerca con Google

Roye, A., Jacobsen, T., & Schröger, E. (2007). Personal significance is encoded automatically by Cerca con Google

the human brain: an event-related potential study with ringtones, European Journal of Cerca con Google

Neuroscience, 26 (3), 784–790. Cerca con Google

124 Cerca con Google

Saarinen, J., Paavilainen, P., Schröger, E., Tervaniemi, M., & Näätänen, R. (1992). Representation Cerca con Google

of abstract stimulus attributes in human brain. NeuroReport, 3, 1149–51. Cerca con Google

Sable, J. J., Low, K. A., Maclin, E. L., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2004). Latent inhibition mediates Cerca con Google

N1 attenuation to repeating sounds. Psychophysiology, 41, 636–642. Cerca con Google

Saffran, J., Aslin, N. & Newport, E.L. (1996) Statistical learning by 8-month-old infants. Science, Cerca con Google

274, 1926–1928. Cerca con Google

Sams, M., Hämäläinen, M., Antervo, A., Kaukoranta, E., Reinikainen, K., & Hari, R. (1985). Cerca con Google

Cerebral neuromagnetic responses evoked by short auditory stimuli. Electroencephalography Cerca con Google

and Clinical Neurophysiology, 61, 254–266. Cerca con Google

Sams, M., Kaukoranta, E., Hämäläinen, M,. & Näätänen, R. (1991). Cortical activity elicited by Cerca con Google

changes in auditory stimuli: different sources for the magnetic N100m and mismatch responses. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 28, 21–9. Cerca con Google

Sanders, L.D., & Neville, H.J. (2002 ). Segmenting nonsense: An event-related potential index of Cerca con Google

perceived onsets in continuous speech. Nature Neuroscience, 5(7), 700–703. Cerca con Google

Sanders, L.D., Neville, H.J., & Woldorff, M. (2002). Speech segmentation of native and non-native Cerca con Google

speakers: The use of lexical, syntactic, and stress-pattern cues. Journal of Speech, Language, Cerca con Google

and Hearing Research, 45(3), 519–530. Cerca con Google

Sanders, L.D., & Neville, H.J. (2003). An ERP study of continuous speech processing. I. Cerca con Google

segmentation, semantics, and syntax in native speakers. Cognitive Brain Research, 15(3), 228– Cerca con Google

240. Cerca con Google

Sanders, L.D., Ameral, V., & Sayles, K. (2009). Event-related potentials index segmentation of Cerca con Google

nonsense sounds. Neuropsychologia, 47(4), 1183–1186. Cerca con Google

Schafer, A.J., Speer, S.R., Warren, P., & White, S.D. (2000). Intonational disambiguation in Cerca con Google

sentence production and comprehension. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 29(2), 169–182. Cerca con Google

Shafer, L.V., Schwartz, R.G., Kurtzberg, D. (2004). Language-specific memory traces of consonants Cerca con Google

in the brain. Cognitive Brain Research, 18, 242–254. Cerca con Google

Scherg, M., & Von Cramon, D. (1986). Evoked dipole source potentials of the human auditory Cerca con Google

cortex. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 65, 344–360. Cerca con Google

Scherg, M., Vajsar, J., Picton, T.W. (1989). A source analysis of the late human auditory evoked Cerca con Google

potentials. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 336–55. Cerca con Google

Schlosser, M.J., Aoyagi, N., Fulbright, R.K., Gore, J.C., & McCarthy, G. (1998). Functional MRI Cerca con Google

studies of auditory comprehension. Human Brain Mapping, 6, 1–13. Cerca con Google

Schön, D., Magne, C., & Besson, M. (2004). The music of speech: Music training facilitates pitch Cerca con Google

processing in both music and language. Psychophysiology, 41(3), 341–349. Cerca con Google

125 Cerca con Google

Schröger, E. (1996a). A neural mechanism for involuntary attention shifts to changes in auditory Cerca con Google

stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 8, 527–39. Cerca con Google

Schröger, E. (1996b). The influence of stimulus intensity and inter-stimulus interval on the Cerca con Google

detection of pitch and loudness changes. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 100, 517–26. Cerca con Google

Schröger, E., (1998). Application of ERP measures in psychological research: Measurement and Cerca con Google

interpretation of the mismatch negativity. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Cerca con Google

Computers, 30, 131–145. Cerca con Google

Schröger, E., & Wolff, C. (1998). Behavioral and electrophysiological effects of task-irrelevant Cerca con Google

sound change: a new distraction paradigm. Cognitive Brain Research, 7, 71–87. Cerca con Google

Schröger, E., Bendixen, A., Trujillo-Barreto, N.J., & Roeber, U. (2007). Processing of abstract rule Cerca con Google

violations in audition. PLoS One, 11, e1131. Cerca con Google

Schulte-Körne, G., Deimel, W., Bartling, J., & Remschmidt, H. (1998). Auditory processing and Cerca con Google

dyslexia: evidence for a specific speech processing deficit. NeuroReport, 9, 337–40. Cerca con Google

Schulte-Körne, G., Deimel, W., Bartling, J., & Remschmidt, H. (1999). Pre-attentive processing of Cerca con Google

auditory patterns in dyslexic human subjects. Neuroscience Letters, 276, 41–4. Cerca con Google

Shestakova, A., Brattico, E., Huotilainen, M., Galunov, V., Soloviev, A., Sams, M., Ilmoniemi, R.J., Cerca con Google

& Näätänen, R. (2002). Abstract phoneme representations in the left temporal cortex: Cerca con Google

magnetic mismatch negativity study. NeuroReport, 13, 1813–1816. Cerca con Google

Shestakova, A., , Brattico, E., Soloviev, A., Klucharev, V., & Huotilainen, M. (2004). Orderly Cerca con Google

cortical representation of vowel categories presented by multiple exemplars. Cognitive Cerca con Google

Brain Research, 21, 342–350. Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., Kujala, T., Palva, S., Ilmoniemi, R.J., & Näätänen, R. (2000). Discrimination of speech Cerca con Google

and of complex nonspeech sounds of different temporal structure in the left and right Cerca con Google

cerebral hemispheres. NeuroImage, 12, 657–663. Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., & Pulvermüller, F. (2002). Memory traces for in¯ectional affixes as shown by Cerca con Google

mismatch negativity. European Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 1085–1091. Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., Pulvermüller, F., Näätänen, R., & Ilmoniemi, R.J. (2003). Grammar processing outside Cerca con Google

the focus of attention: An MEG study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15, 1195–1206. Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., Hauk, O., & Pulvermüller, F. (2004). Distributed neuronal networks for encoding Cerca con Google

category-specific semantic information: the mismatch negativity to action words. European Cerca con Google

Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 1083–92. Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., Pihko, E., & Pulvermüller, F. (2005). Determinants of dominance: Is language laterality Cerca con Google

explained by physical or linguistic features of speech? NeuroImage, 27, 37–47. Cerca con Google

126 Cerca con Google

Shtyrov, Y., & Pulvermüller, F. (2007). Language in the Mismatch Negativity Design Motivations, Cerca con Google

Benefits, and Prospects. Journal of Psychophysiology, 21(3–4), 176–187. Cerca con Google

Simson, R., Vaughan, H.G., & Ritter, W. (1977). The scalp topography of potentials in auditory and Cerca con Google

visual discrimination tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 42, Cerca con Google

528–535. Cerca con Google

Speer, S.R., Crowder, R.G., & Thomas, L.M. (1993). Prosodic Structure and Sentence Recognition. Cerca con Google

Journal of Memory and Language, 32, 336–358. Cerca con Google

Squires, N.K., Squires, K.C., & Hillyard, S.A. (1975). Two varieties of long-latency positive waves Cerca con Google

evoked by unpredictable auditory stimuli in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 38, 387–410. Cerca con Google

Starr, A., & Don, M. (1988). Brain potentials evoked by acoustic stimuli. In T. W. Picton (Ed.), Cerca con Google

Human event-related potentials (Vol. 3, pp. 97–157). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Cerca con Google

Steinhauer, K. (2003). Electrophysiological correlates of prosody and punctuation. Brain and Cerca con Google

Language, 86(1), 142–164. Cerca con Google

Steinhauer, K., Alter, K., & Friederici, A.D. (1999). Brain potentials indicate immediate use of Cerca con Google

prosodic cues in natural speech processing. Nature Neuroscience, 2(2), 191. Cerca con Google

Steinhauer, K., & Friederici, A.D. (2001). Prosodic boundaries, comma rules, and brain responses: Cerca con Google

The closure positive shift in ERPs as a universal marker for prosodic phrasing in listeners and Cerca con Google

readers. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 30(3), 267–295. Cerca con Google

Stockall, L., Stringfellow, A., & Marantz, A. (2004). The precise time course of lexical activation: Cerca con Google

MEG measurements of the effects of frequency, probability, and density in lexical decision. Cerca con Google

Brain and Language, 90, 88–94. Cerca con Google

Strange, W., Weber, A., Levy, E.S., Shafiro, V., Hisagi, M., & Nishi, K. (2007). Acoustic variability Cerca con Google

within and across German, French, and American English vowels: Phonetic context effects. Cerca con Google

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 1111–1129. Cerca con Google

Sussman, E., Winkler, I., & Wang, W. (2003). MMN and attention: Competition for deviance Cerca con Google

detection. Psychophysiology, 40, 430–435. Cerca con Google

Swoboda, P., Morse, P. A., & Leavitt, L. A. (1976). Continuous vowel discrimination in normal and Cerca con Google

at-risk infants. Child Development, 47, 459–465. Cerca con Google

Swoboda, P., Kass, J., Morse, P. A, & Leavitt, L. A. (1978). Memory factors in infant vowel Cerca con Google

discrimination of normal and at-risk infants. Child Development, 49, 332–339. Cerca con Google

Szymanski, M.D., Yund, E.W., Woods, D.L. (1999). Phonemes, intensity and attention: Differential Cerca con Google

effects on the mismatch negativity (MMN). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Cerca con Google

106, 3492–3504. Cerca con Google

127 Cerca con Google

Takegata, R., Paavilainen, P., Näätänen, R., & Winkler, I. (1999). Independent processing of Cerca con Google

changes in auditory single features and feature conjunctions in humans as indexed by the Cerca con Google

mismatch negativity (MMN). Neuroscience Letters, 266, 109–112. Cerca con Google

Takegata, R., Huotilainen, M., Rinne, T., Näätänen, R., & Winkler, I. (2001). Changes in acoustic Cerca con Google

features and their conjunctions are processed by separate neuronal populations. NeuroReport, Cerca con Google

12, 525–529. Cerca con Google

Takegata, R., Brattico, E., Tervaniemi, M., Varyagina, O., Näätänen, R., & Winkler, I. (2005). Cerca con Google

Preattentive representation of feature conjunctions for simultaneous, spatially distributed Cerca con Google

auditory objects. Cognitive Brain Research, 25, 169–179. Cerca con Google

Tervaniemi M, Saarinen J, Paavilainen P, Danilova N, & Näätänen, R. (1994a). Temporal Cerca con Google

integration of auditory information in sensory memory as reflected by the mismatch Cerca con Google

negativity. Biological Psychology, 38, 157–67. Cerca con Google

Tervaniemi, M., Maury, S., & Näätänen, R. (1994b). Neural representations of abstract stimulus Cerca con Google

features in the human brain as reflected by the mismatch negativity. NeuroReport, 5, 844– Cerca con Google

846. Cerca con Google

Tervaniemi, M., Jacobsen, T., Röttger, S., Kujala, T., Widmann, A., Vainio, M., Näätänen, R., & Cerca con Google

Schröger, E. (2006). Selective tuning of cortical sound feature processing by language Cerca con Google

experience, European Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 2538–2541. Cerca con Google

Tiitinen, H., Alho, K., Huotilainen, M., Ilmoniemi, R.J., Simola, J., & Näätänen, R. (1993). Cerca con Google

Tonotopic auditory cortex and the magnetoencephalographic (MEG) equivalent of the Cerca con Google

mismatch negativity. Psychophysiology, 30, 537–40. Cerca con Google

Tiitinen, H., May, P., Reinkainen, K., & Näätänen, R. (1994). Attentive novelty detected in humans Cerca con Google

is governed by pre-attentive sensory memory. Nature, 372, 90–92. Cerca con Google

Trehub, S.E. (1973). Infants’ sensitivity to vowel and tonal contrasts. Developmental Psychology, 9, Cerca con Google

91–96. Cerca con Google

Tremblay, K., Kraus, N., & McGee, T. (1998). The time course of auditory perceptual learning: Cerca con Google

Neurophysiologic changes during speech-sound training. NeuroReport, 9, 3557–3560. Cerca con Google

Tremblay, K., Kraus, N., McGee, T., Ponton, C., & Otis, B., (2001). Central auditory plasticity: Cerca con Google

Changes in the N1-P2 complex after speech-sound training. Ear & Hearing, 22, 79–90. Cerca con Google

van Zuijen, T.L., Simoens, V.L., Paavilainen, P., Näätänen, R., & Tervaniemi, M., (2006). Implicit, Cerca con Google

intuitive, and explicit knowledge of abstract regularities in a sound sequence: an eventrelated Cerca con Google

brain potential study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1292–1303. Cerca con Google

Vaughan, H.G., Jr., & Ritter, W. (1970). The sources of auditory evoked responses recorded from Cerca con Google

the human scalp. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 28, 360–367. Cerca con Google

128 Cerca con Google

Vaughan, H.G. Jr., & Arezzo, J.C. (1988). The neural basis of eventrelated potentials. In T. W. Cerca con Google

Picton (Ed.), Human event-related potentials (Vol. 3, pp. 45–96). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Cerca con Google

Velasco, M., & Velasco, F. (1986). Subcortical correlates of the somatic, auditory and visual vertex Cerca con Google

activities. II. Referential EEG responses. Electroencephalographpy and Clinical Cerca con Google

Neurophysiology, 48, 377–386. Cerca con Google

Velasco, M., Velasco, F., & Olvera, A. (1985). Subcortical correlates of the somatic, auditory and Cerca con Google

visual vertex activites in man. I. Bipolar EEG responses and electrical stimulation. Cerca con Google

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 61, 519–529. Cerca con Google

Wang, Y., Spence, M. M., Jongman, A., & Sereno, J. A. (1999). Training American listeners to Cerca con Google

perceive Mandarin tones. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 106, 3649 –3658. Cerca con Google

Wang, J., Friedman, D., Ritter, W., & Bersick, M. (2005). ERP correlates of involuntary attention Cerca con Google

capture by prosodic salience in speech. Psychophysiology, 42, 43–55. Cerca con Google

Warren, P., Grabe, E., & Nolan, F. (1995). Prosody, phonology and parsing in closure ambiguities. Cerca con Google

Language and Cognitive Processes, 10(5), 457–486. Cerca con Google

Werker, J.F., & Lalonde, C.E. (1988). Cross-language speech perception: Initial capabilities and Cerca con Google

developmental change. Developmental Psychology, 24, 672–683. Cerca con Google

Werker, J. F., & Tees, R.C. (1984). Cross-language speech perception: Evidence for perceptual Cerca con Google

reorganization during the first year of life. Infant Behavior and Development, 7, 49–63. Cerca con Google

Werker, J.F., & Tees, R.C. (2005). Speech perception as a window for understanding plasticity and Cerca con Google

commitment in language systems of the brain. Devopmental Psychobiology, 46(3), 233–51. Cerca con Google

Whiting, K.A., Martin, B.A., & Stapells, D.R. (1998). The effects of broadband noise masking on Cerca con Google

cortical event-related potentials to speech sounds /ba/ and /da/. Ear & Hearing, 19, 218–231. Cerca con Google

Winkler, I. (2007). Interpreting the mismatch negativity. Journal of Psychophysiology, 21, 147–163. Cerca con Google

Winkler, I., Lehtokoski, A., Alku, P., Vainio, M., Czigler, I., Csépe, V., Aaltonen, O., Raimo, I., Alho, Cerca con Google

K., Lang, H., Livonen, A., & Näätänen, R. (1999a). Pre-attentive detection of vowel Cerca con Google

contrasts utilizes both phonetic and auditory memory representations. Cognitive Brain Cerca con Google

Research, 7, 357–369. Cerca con Google

Winkler, I., Kujala, T., Tiitinen, H., Sivonen, P., Alku, P., Lehtokoski, A., Czigler, I., Csépe, V., Cerca con Google

Ilmoniemi, R.J., & Näätänen, R. (1999b). Brain responses reveal the learning of foreign Cerca con Google

language phonemes. Psychophysiology, 36, 638–642. Cerca con Google

Winkler, I., Czigler, I., Sussman, E., Horváth, J., & Balázs, L. (2005). Preattentive binding of Cerca con Google

auditory and visual stimulus features. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 320–339. Cerca con Google

Wolach, I., & Pratt, H. (2001). The mode of short-term memory encoding as indicated by eventrelated Cerca con Google

potentials in a memory scanning task with distractions. Clinical Neurophysiology, Cerca con Google

129 Cerca con Google

112, 186–197. Cerca con Google

Woldorff, M., & Hillyard, S.A. (1991). Modulation of early auditory processing during selective Cerca con Google

listening to rapidly presented tones. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Cerca con Google

79, 170–191. Cerca con Google

Woldorff,M. G., Hackley, S. A., & Hillyard, S. A. (1991). The effects of channel-selective attention Cerca con Google

on the mismatch negativity wave elicited by deviant tones. Psychophysiology, 28, 30–42. Cerca con Google

Woldorff, M., Hillyard, S., Gallen, C.C., Hampson, S.R., & Bloom, F.E. (1998). Cerca con Google

Magnetoencephalographic recordings demonstrate attentional modulation of mismatchrelated Cerca con Google

neural activity in human auditory cortex. Psychophysiology, 35, 283–292. Cerca con Google

Wolpaw, J.R., & Penry, J.K. (1977). Hemispheric differences in the auditory evoked response. Cerca con Google

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 43, 99–102. Cerca con Google

Woods, D.L. (1995). The component structure of the N1 wave of the human auditory evoked Cerca con Google

potential. In G. Karmos, M. Molnár, V. Csépe, & J.E. Desmedt (Eds.), Perspective of Event- Cerca con Google

Related Potentials Research (EEG Suppl. 44), Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. Cerca con Google

Yabe, H., Tervaniemi, M., Reinikainen, K., & Näätänen, R. (1997). Temporal window of integration Cerca con Google

revealed by MMN to sound omission. NeuroReport, 8, 1971–1974. Cerca con Google

Yabe, H., Tervaniemi, M., Sinkkonen, J., Huotilainen, M., Ilmoniemi, R. J., & Näätänen, R. (1998). Cerca con Google

Temporal window of integration of auditory information in the human brain. Cerca con Google

Psychophysiology, 35, 615–619. Cerca con Google

Yabe, H., Winkler, I., Czigler, I., Koyama, S., Kakigi, R., Sutoh, T., Hiruma, T., & Kaneko, S. Cerca con Google

(2001a). Organizing sound sequences in the human brain: the interplay of auditory Cerca con Google

streaming and temporal integration. Brain Research, 897, 222–227. Cerca con Google

Yabe, H., Koyoma, S., Kakigi, R., Gunji, A., Tervaniemi, M., Sato, Y., & Kaneko, S. (2001b). Cerca con Google

Automatic discriminative sensitivity inside temporal window of sensory memory as a Cerca con Google

function of time. Cognitive Brain Research, 12, 39–48. Cerca con Google

Yago, E., Escera, C., Alho, K. & Giard, M.H. (2001). Cerebral mechanisms underlying orienting of Cerca con Google

attention towards auditory frequency changes. NeuroReport, 12, 2583–2587. Cerca con Google

Ylinen, S., Shestakova, A., Huotilainen, M., Alku, P., & Näätänen, R. (2006). Mismatch negativity Cerca con Google

(MMN) eli Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record