Cerato, Ivana (2008) La tenuta di Ca' Tron: un lembo di territorio alla periferia di Altino dalla Protostoria all'etĂ imperiale romana. [Ph.D. thesis]
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This project aims to reconstruct the history of a portion of the Venetian Plain, sited at the northern border of the lagoon of Venice, anciently included in the oriental ager of the Venetian-Roman town of Altinum (distant about 3 Km) and affected by the via Annia. This estate, covering 1137 ha, placed between Sile and the northern lagoon of Venice, set in the municipalities of Roncade (TV) and, a small portion, of Meolo (VE), is part of the farm of Ca'Tron, named after a Venice noble family, owner of it since the beginning of the seventeenth century.
This portion of the Venetian lowland is interesting both from the geographical aspect and the historical one: the former is characterized by its function of connection between the large alluvial fans of Brenta and of Piave rivers, and by its collocation at the inner margin of the lagoon; the latter is marked by its proximity the Venetian-Roman town of Altino and by the infrastructure of ancient roads built by the Romans, in particular by the via Annia, consular road reaching Aquileia in the mid second century A.D. and crossing the southern sector of the estate.
The study of the Ca'Tron territory is to be inserted in a multidisciplinary context to understand this sector of the lowland sited in a complex environment whose genesis and whose continuous transformations, due both to natural and to anthropical processes, have made it protagonist of singular morphological evolutions and of human exploitation and occupation.
The research work dealt, initially, with the reconstruction of the geomorphology of the plain through the data provided by remote sensing, by laser scanning and by geophysical logs; then the literary and archive sources have been gathered and analyzed. Finally archaeological surveys, excavations and investigations have been carried out.
These investigations established the macro-phases of human presences from the pre-roman period to the renaissance age, attesting a stable occupation of the territory, even if the settlement choices have been heavily conditioned by environmental factors.
By means of these investigations, it has been possible pointing out a reliable picture of the peopling of a site, which, in the past, revealed only sporadic evidences of settlement (some funerary evidences) and which was considered characterized by a wild and uncultivated environment, centre of a lagoon and forest economy based on the supply of wood and on the breeding, probably for community use.
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