Quercia, A. and Foxhall, L. (2012) "Tracing Networks Project: Craft Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean"Â€Âť. I pesi da telaio come indicatori di dinamiche produttive e culturali nelle attivitĂ Â tessili del sud-Italia in etĂ Â preromana. [Book chapters] In: LA LANA NELLA CISALPINA ROMANA. Economia e SocietĂ . Studi in onore di Stefania Pesavento Mattioli. Atti del Convegno (Padova-Verona, 18-20 maggio 2011). Antenor Quaderni (27). Padova University Press, Padova, pp. 367-381. ISBN 978-8897385-30-1
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In this paper we investigate what interaction existed between the traditions of making and using loom weights in both Greek and indigenous cultures located in Lucania, one of the most critical areas of Magna Graecia. This region represents a paradigmatic example of intense and deep contacts between the Greeks, who established colonies, and indigenous communities, which consisted of a series of "Â€Âśethnically"Â€Âť different groups, starting from the Iron Age. This paper explores how material objects travel through time and accumulate family histories, as well as expressing personal and (probably) familial identities. Weaving, spinning and textile manufacture were closely linked to women in the Greek and indigenous communities of southern Italy, both symbolically and in practical terms, but in significantly different ways. Loom weights, one of the everyday tools associated with weaving, often appear to have been valued personal possessions which almost certainly belonged to women. The processes of their manufacture are much more complex than has been realized, and appear to be quite varied: in some cases it would appear that the women who used these objects were also involved in their manufacture. Loom weights were regularly "personalized"Â€Âť with a wide range of marks, including jewellery and cosmetic tool impressions, fingerprints, incised or stamped letters, abbreviated names, or stamp seals from rings. Moreover, both the loom weights themselves and, in some cases the stamps used to mark them, were sometimes passed down through families, as heirlooms. By comparing contemporary and indigenous contexts in southern Italy it is also clear that ideas about the manufacture, use and meaning of these objects were moving between these different communities. In their archaeological contexts of production, use and deposition, they can reveal the history of womenĂ˘Â€Â™s connections and identities "Â€Âśbelow the radar"Â€Âť of written texts and the Ă˘Â€ÂśmainstreamĂ˘Â€Âť archaeological record.
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Il presente lavoro cercherĂ di analizzare la natura delle interazioni che si svilupparono tra comunitĂ Â greche e indigene in Italia meridionale attraverso la trasmissione di tradizioni tecnologiche e funzionali relative alla produzione e l'Â€Â™uso dei pesi da telaio. In particolare la nostra ricerca si sta attualmente concentrando sulla Lucania, una delle aree maggiormente nevralgiche della Magna Grecia, che costituisce un paradigmatico esempio di intensi e profondi contatti tra le cittĂ greche sulla costa Ionica e le differenti comunitĂ Â locali, sin a partire dall'Â€Â™etĂ Â del Ferro.
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