Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

| Crea un account

Signorini, Manuela (2014) Analisi ecologica dei flebotomi vettori della leishmaniosi canina in Italia nord-orientale attraverso l'utilizzo di Sistemi Informativi Geografici (GIS) e Modelli di Distribuzione di Specie. [Tesi di dottorato]

Full text disponibile come:

[img]
Anteprima
Documento PDF (tesi di dottorato)
32Mb

Abstract (inglese)

Since the 1990s, new foci of Canine Leishmaniosis have being detected in northern Italy, previously regarded as non-endemic. The disease has increased gradually in the regions of the Alps and entomological surveys demonstrated the established presence of two vectors of the disease, P. perniciosus and P. neglectus, in several localities of the area. The changing pattern of the disease is mainly due to movement of infected dogs from endemic areas, to the increase in human and animal travels and goods trade and to climatic changes, critical to the establishment of the vectors.
The study describes the results of the 12-years entomological survey in Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Trentino Alto Adige Regions, analysed through the use of GIS tools and Species Distribution Models (SDMs), based on remote sensing environmental data. Several climatic and environmental features were explored in regard to the entomological data, in order to better understand the ecology of the vectors and the epidemiology of the disease, to create a tool in support of surveillance activities.
Sandfly trapping was conducted from 2001 to 2012 in 175 sites, using sticky traps (n=114 sites), CDC light traps (n=53) and CO2 traps (n=66). GPS coordinates were acquired for all sites and potential risk factors (altitude, number and species of domestic bait animals, structural characteristics of site and level of urbanization) were identified and registered. The presence/absence of sandflies were compared with the risk factors considered and environmental variables, such as MODIS data (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface Temperature), a land cover map (Corine Land Cover 2006), a Digital Elevation Model (GTOPO30) and a bioclimatic variable taken from the database WorldClim (BIO 18, precipitation of Warmest Quarter). The environmental features resulted more relevant, were used to built a predictive model of presence of P. perniciosus and sandflies in Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia and Trentino Alto Adige Regions, using the software MaxEnt (Maximum Entropy Modeling System).
Overall, 6.144 sandflies were collected and identified and P. perniciosus was the most abundant species (3.797, 61,8%), with density values comparable to endemic areas of southern and central Italy. The ecological analyses of risk factors identified the altitudinal range between 100 and 300 m as the optimal environment for sandflies. The analyses of eco-climatic variables showed that the species P. perniciosus and the sandflies prefer hilly areas, characterized by temperate climate, high vegetation cover and moderate rainfall.
The SDMs developed showed a high predictive power and demonstrated to be realistic, since areas highly suitable for sandflies overlap with Canine Leishmaniosis foci in the study area.
Visualisation of patterns of distribution of vector species in ecological space, using SDMs, was a useful tool for the understanding of the ecological requirements of the sandfly vectors. The used approach may be considered a new resource for the proper identification of the surveillance actions for the control of Canine Leishmaniosis.

Abstract (italiano)

A partire dagli anni '90, sono stati evidenziati nuovi focolai autoctoni di leishmaniosi canina in Italia settentrionale, area fino agli anni precedenti considerata indenne. Gradualmente, la malattia si è diffusa nelle Regioni dell’arco alpino e i monitoraggi entomologici condotti, hanno evidenziato la presenza stabile di due vettori della malattia, P. perniciosus e P. neglectus, in diverse aree del Territorio. Il cambiamento della distribuzione della malattia sembra legato principalmente al movimento dei cani infetti dalle aree endemiche, all’aumento degli spostamenti di merci, animali e persone ed ai cambiamenti climatici, determinanti per la sopravvivenza dei vettori.
Lo studio descrive i risultati di 12 anni di campionamenti entomologici, condotti in Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia e Trentino Alto Adige, analizzati attraverso l’utilizzo di strumenti GIS e modelli di distribuzione di specie (SDMs) basati su dati ambientali ottenuti tramite remote sensing. Sono state analizzate diverse caratteristiche climatiche ed ambientali, relazionandole con i dati relativi ai monitoraggi, con la finalità di comprendere meglio l’ecologia dei vettori e l’epidemiologia della malattia, per creare uno strumento di supporto alle attività di sorveglianza.
Il monitoraggio è stato condotto dal 2001 al 2012 in 175 siti, utilizzando sticky traps (n=114 siti), CDC light traps (n=53 siti) e CO2 traps (n=66 siti). I siti sono stati geo-referenziati ed alcuni possibili fattori di rischio (altitudine, numero e specie di animali esca, tipologia di sito e livello di urbanizzazione) sono stati individuati e registrati sul campo. I dati di presenza/assenza dei flebotomi sono stati analizzati in funzione dei fattori di rischio considerati, di due variabili ambientali ottenute dal sensore MODIS (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index e Land Surface Temperature), di una mappa di uso del suolo (Corine Land Cover 2006), di un modello digitale del terreno (GTOPO30) e di una variabile climatica ottenuta dal data set WorldClim (BIO 18), relativa alle precipitazioni medie registrate nei trimestri più caldi.
Le variabili risultate più rilevanti sono state utilizzate per elaborare un modello predittivo della presenza di P. perniciosus e dei flebotomi in Triveneto, utilizzando il software MaxEnt (Maximum Entropy Modeling System).
In totale sono stati raccolti e identificati 6.144 flebotomi e P. perniciosus si è dimostrato essere la specie più rappresentata nel territorio (3.797 esemplari, 61,8%), con densità paragonabili a quelle registrate nelle aree endemiche del centro-sud Italia. L’analisi ecologica dei fattori di rischio ha individuato la fascia altitudinale tra i 100 e i 300 m s.l.m. come quella più idonea ai flebotomi. L’analisi delle variabili ambientali ha evidenziato che i flebotomi e P. perniciosus prediligono ambienti collinari, caratterizzati da un clima mite, elevata copertura vegetazionale e precipitazioni non abbondanti. Il modello di distribuzione di specie elaborato, ha mostrato un buon potere predittivo e si è dimostrato realistico, in quanto l’area risultata più idonea alla presenza dei flebotomi nel territorio si sovrappone in modo chiaro con le aree interessate da focolai di leishmaniosi canina.
La visualizzazione dei pattern di distribuzione dei flebotomi vettori nello spazio ecologico, attraverso l’utilizzo di modelli di distribuzione di specie, si è dimostrata essere un valido strumento per comprendere quali fattori condizionano maggiormente la presenza degli stessi. Gli strumenti utilizzati possono essere considerati una nuova risorsa da integrare alle azioni di sorveglianza per la prevenzione della leishmaniosi canina, con il fine di destinare le risorse correttamente e di sviluppare strategie sempre più appropriate.

Statistiche Download - Aggiungi a RefWorks
Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Pietrobelli, Mario
Correlatore:Cassini, Rudi
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 26 > Scuole 26 > SCIENZE VETERINARIE
Data di deposito della tesi:29 Gennaio 2014
Anno di Pubblicazione:Gennaio 2014
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):flebotomi, Phlebotomus perniciosus, GIS, Remote sensing, Analisi ecologica, Modelli di Distribuzione di Specie, Italia sandfly, Phlebotomus perniciosus, GIS, Remote sensing, Ecological Analyses, Species Distribution Models, Italy
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/06 Parassitologia e malattie parassitarie degli animali
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Biomedicina Comparata ed Alimentazione
Codice ID:6618
Depositato il:04 Nov 2014 12:09
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format

Bibliografia

I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

- Adler S., Theodor O. (1957) Transmission of disease agents by phlebotomine sandflies. Annual Review Entomology, 2: 203-226 Cerca con Google

- Alcover M.M., Ballart C., Serra T., Castells X., Scalone A., Castillejo S., Riera C., Tebar S., Gramiccia M., Portús M., Gállego M. (2013) Temporal trends in canine leishmaniosis in the Balearic Islands (Spain): A veterinary questionnaire. Prospective canine leishmaniosis survey and entomological studies conducted on the Island of Minorca, 20 years after first data were obtained. Acta Tropica, 128 (3): 642-651 Cerca con Google

- Alexander B. (2000) Sampling methods for phlebotomine sandflies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14 (2): 109–22 Cerca con Google

- Alexander B., Maroli M. (2003) Control of phlebotomine sandflies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 17: 1-18 Cerca con Google

- Antoniou M., Gramiccia M., Molina R., Dvorak V., Volf P. (2013) The role of indigenous phlebotomine sandflies and mammals in the spreading of leishmaniasis agents in the Mediterranean region. Euro Surveill, 18 (30):pii=20540 Cerca con Google

- Araujo M.B., Rahbek C. (2006) How does climate change affect biodiversity? Science, 313: 1396-1397 Cerca con Google

- Araujo M.B. (2007) Ensemble forecasting of species distributions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22: 42-47 Cerca con Google

- Araujo M.B., Alagador D., Cabeza M., Nogues-Bravo D., Thuiller W. (2011a) Climate change threatens European conservation areas. Ecology Letters, 14: 484-492 Cerca con Google

- Araujo M.B., Peterson T. (2012) Uses and misuses of bioclimatic envelope modelling Ecology, 93(7): 1527-1539 Cerca con Google

- Aspöck H, Gerersdorfer T, Formayer H, Walochnik J (2008) Sandflies and sandfly-borne infections of humans in Central Europe in the light of climate change. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 120: 24-29. doi: 10.1007/s00508-008-1072-8. Cerca con Google

- Auchincloss A. H., Samson Y. Gebreab S.Y, Christina Mair C., Ana V. Diez Roux A.V. (2012) A Review of Spatial Methods in Epidemiology, 2000–2010. Annual Review Public Health, 33: 107-122. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031811-124655. Cerca con Google

- Azar D.; Nel A. (2003) Fossil psychodoid flies and their relation to parasitic diseases. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 98: 35-7 Cerca con Google

- Bailey T. (2001) Spatial statistical methods in health. Caderno de Saude Publica, 17(5): 1083–98 Cerca con Google

- Baldelli R., Battelli G., Maroli M., Mollicone E., Gudi A., Stegagno G., Tasini G. (2001) A new stable focus of canine leishmaniasis in northern Italy. Parassitologia, 43: 151-153 Cerca con Google

- Ballart C., Alcover MM., Portus M., Gallego M. (2011a) Is leishmaniasis widespread in Spain? First data on canine leishmaniasis in the province of Lleida, Catalonia, northeast Spain. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 106:134-136 Cerca con Google

- Ballart C., Barón S., Alcover MM., Portus M., Gallego M. (2011b) Distribution of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Andorra: First finding of P. perniciosus and wide distribution of P. ariasi. Acta Tropica, 122:155-159 Cerca con Google

- Beck L.R., Lobitz B.M., Wood B.L. (2000). Remote sensing and human health: new sensors and new opportunities. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 6: 217-227 Cerca con Google

- Belen A., Alten B. (2011) Seasonal dynamics and altitudinal distributions of sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) populations in a cutaneous leishmaniasis endemic area of the Cukurova region of Turkey. Journal of Vectors Ecology, 36 (Suppl 1): S87-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.2011.00116.x. Cerca con Google

- Bergquist R., Rinaldi L. (2010) Health research based on geospatial tools: a timely approach in a changing environment. Journal of Helminthology, 84: 1-11 Cerca con Google

- Berrahal F., Mary C., Roze M. (1996) Canine leishmaniasis: identification of asymptomatic carriers by polylerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 55: 273-277 Cerca con Google

- Bettini S., Melis P. (1988) Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. Soil analysis of a breeding site of three species of sandflies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 2: 67-71 Cerca con Google

- Bhunia G.S., Kesari S., Jeyaram A., Kumar V., Das P. (2010) Influence of topography on the endemicity of Kala-azar: a study based on remote sensing and geographical information system. Geospatial Health, 4(2): 155-165 Cerca con Google

- Biglino A., Bolla C., Concialdi E., Trisciuoglio A., Romano A., Ferroglio E. (2010) Asymptomatic Leishmania infantum infection in an area of northwestern Italy (Piedmont region) where such infections are traditionally nonendemic. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 48(1): 131-136 Cerca con Google

- Biocca E., Coluzzi A., Costantini R. (1977) Osservazioni sulla attuale distribuzione dei flebotomi italiani e su alcuni caratteri morfologici differenziali tra le specie del sottogenere Phlebotomus. Parassitologia, 19(1-2): 19-32 Cerca con Google

- Bogdan C.; Schonian G.; Banuls A. L.; Hide M.; Pratlong F.; Lorenz E.; Rollinghoff M.; Mertens R. (2001) Visceral leishmaniasis in a german child who had never entered a known endemic area: case report and review of the literature. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 32(2): 302-306 Cerca con Google

- Bongiorno G., Habluetzel A., Khoury C., Maroli M. (2003) Host preferences of phlebotomine sand flies at a hypoendemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in central Italy. Acta Tropica, 88(2): 109-116 Cerca con Google

- Bongiorno G., Habluetzel A., Traldi G., Maroli M. (2002) Notes on the sand fly fauna and their feeding habits from an inland focus of canine leishmaniasis in central Italy (Marche region). Parassitologia, 44(Suppl 1): 23 Cerca con Google

- Bongiorno G., Paparcone R., Foglia Manzillo V., Oliva G., Cuisinier A.M., Gradoni L. (2013) Vaccination with LiESP/QA-21 (CaniLeish®) reduces the intensity of infection in Phlebotomus perniciosus fed on Leishmania infantum infected dogs--a preliminary xenodiagnosis study. Veterinary Parasitology, 197(3-4): 691-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.05.008. Cerca con Google

- Bourdeau P. (2012) Elements pratiques du diagnostic de la leishmaniose canine. Point Veterinaire, 15(72): 43-50 Cerca con Google

- Branco S., Alves-Pires C., Maia C., Cortes S., Cristovão J.M., Gonçalves L., Campino L., Afonso M.O. (2013) Entomological and ecological studies in a new potential zoonotic leishmaniasis focus in Torres Novas municipality, Central Region, Portugal. Acta Tropica, 125(3): 339-348 Cerca con Google

- Broennimann O., Treier U.A., Muller-Scharer H., Thuiller W., Peterson A. T., Guisan A. (2007) Evidence of climatic niche shift during biological invasion. Ecology Letters, 10: 701-709 Cerca con Google

- Campbell-Lendrum, D., Pinto, M.C. & Davies, C. (1999) Is Lutzomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) more endophagic than Lutzomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939) because it is more attracted to light? Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 94: 21-22 Cerca con Google

- Chamaillé L., Tran A., Meunier A., Bourdoiseau G., Ready P., Dedet J. (2010) Environmental risk mapping of canine leishmaniasis in France. Parasites & Vectors, 3: 31, http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/3/1/31 Vai! Cerca con Google

- Capelli G., Baldelli R., Ferroglio E., Genchi C., Gradoni L., Gramiccia M., Maroli M., Mortarino M., Pietrobelli M., Rossi L., Ruggiero M. (2004) Monitoring of canine leishmaniasis in northern Italy: an update from a scientific network. Parassitologia, 46 (1-2): 193-197 Cerca con Google

- Cassini R., Pietrobelli M., Montarsi F., Natale A., Capelli G., Beraldo P., Sinigaglia A., Moresco G. (2007) Leishmaniosi canina in Triveneto: quali novità? Il Progresso Veterinario, 7: 295-300 Cerca con Google

- Cassini R., Natale A., Pozzato N., Lorenzetto M., Capelli G. (2010) La progressione della leishmaniosi canina verso nord: una malattia da tenere sotto controllo. Summa, Speciale Parassitologia: 1-8 Cerca con Google

- Cassini R., Signorini M., Frangipane di Regalbono A., Natale A., Montarsi F., Zanaica M., Brichese M., Simonato G., Borgato S., Babiker A., Pietrobelli M. (2013) Influenza delle misure preventive sulla prevalenza di leishmaniosi canina in un focolaio identificato in Nord Italia nel 2006. Veterinaria Italiana, 49(2), 151-156. doi: 10.12834/VetIt.2013.492.151.156 Cerca con Google

- Colacicco-Mayhugh M.G., Masuoka P.M., Grieco J.P. (2010) Ecological niche model of Phlebotomus alexandri and P. papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Middle East. International Journal of Health Geographics, 9: 2 Cerca con Google

- Colwell D.D., Dantas-Torres F., Otranto D. (2011) Vector-borne parasitic zoonoses: emerging scenarios and new perspectives. Veterinary Parasitology, 182, 14-21 Cerca con Google

- Corradetti C., Spinelli G., Khoury C., Bianchi R., Maroli M. (2002) Prima indagine entomologica sulla presenza dei vettori di leishmaniosi in focolai campione della provincia di Perugia. Atti XIX Congresso Nazionale Italiano Entomologia, Catania, 10-15 giugno, 235 Cerca con Google

- Cringoli G., Rinaldi L., Veneziano V., Musella V. (2005) Disease mapping and risk assessment in veterinary parasitology: some case studies. Parassitologia, 47: 9-25 Cerca con Google

- Cross E. R., Hyams K. C. (1996). The potential effect of global warming on the geographic and seasonal distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi in southwest Asia. Environmental Health Perspectives, 104(7): 724-7 Cerca con Google

- Cross E. R., Newcomb W. W., Tucker C. J. (1996). Use of weather data and remote sensing to predict the geographic and seasonal distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi in southwest Asia. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 54(5): 530-6 Cerca con Google

- Dalla Villa P., Ruggeri F. (1999) Situazione epidemiologica della leishmaniosi canina in provincia di Pescara. Atti Congresso di Igiene Urbana Veterinaria, Roma, 14-16 dicembre, 137 Cerca con Google

- Dash P., Gottsche F., Olesen F., Fischer H. (2001) Retrieval of Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity from Satellite Data: Physics, Theoretical Limitations and Current Methods. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 29, No. l&2 Cerca con Google

- De Oliveira E.F, Araújo e Silva E., Dos Santos Fernandes C.E., Paranhos Filho A.C., Macedo Gamarra R.M., Ribeiro A.A., Brazil R.P., De Oliveira A.G. (2012) Biotic factors and occurrence of Lutzomyia longipalpis in endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 107(3): 396-401 Cerca con Google

- Dereure J., Vanwambeke S. O., Malé P., Martinez S., Pratlong F., Balard Y., Dedet J. P. (2009) The Potential Effects of Global Warming on Changes in Canine Leishmaniasis in a Focus outside the Classical Area of the Disease in Southern France. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 9(6): 687-694 Cerca con Google

- Devi P. M.; Manickiam B.; Balasubramanian S. (2003). Use of remote sensing and gis for monitoring the environmental factors associated with vector-borne disease (malaria). In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environment and Health. A cura di Bunch M. J., Madha Suresh V., Vasantha Kumaran T., pp. 127–137, Chennai, India. Department of Geo- graphy, University of Madras and Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University. Cerca con Google

- Diekmann O., Heesterbeek J., Metz J. (1990). On the definition and the computation of the basic reproduction ratio R0 in models for infectious diseases in heterogeneous populations. The Journal of Mathematical Biology, 28(4): 365-82 Cerca con Google

- Dolmatova A. V.; Demina N. A. (1968). Les Phl ́ebotomes (Phlebotominae) et les maladies qu’ils transmettent. Relazione tecnica, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer. Cerca con Google

- Dougherty M.J., Guerin P.M., Ward R.D. (1195) Identification of oviposition attractants for the sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psycodidae) in volatiles of faeces from vertebrates. Physiological Entomology, 20: 23-32 Cerca con Google

- Dujardin J.C., Campino L., Canavate C., Dedet J.P., Gradoni L., Soteriadou K. (2008) Spread of vector-borne diseases and neglect of leishmaniasis. Europe Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14: 1013-1018 Cerca con Google

- Dye C. (1996) The logic of visceral leishmaniasis control. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 55(2): 125-30 Cerca con Google

- Elith, J., Graham C.H., Anderson R.P. Dud́ık M., Ferrier S., Guisan A., Hijmans R. J., Huettmann F., Leathwick J. R., Lehmann A., Li J. Lohmann, L. G. Loiselle, B. A. Manion G., Moritz C., NakamuraM., Nakazawa Y., Overton J. McC., Peterson A. T., Phillips S. J., Richardson K. S., Scachetti-Pereira R., Schapire R. E., Soberón J., Williams S., Wisz M. S., Zimmermann N. E. (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography, 29: 129-151 Cerca con Google

- Elith J., Leathwick J.R. (2009) Species Distribution Models: Ecological Explanation and Prediction Across Space and Time. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40: 677–97 Cerca con Google

- Elith, J., Phillips S.J., Hastie T., Dudık M., Chee Y.E., Yates C.J. (2010). A statistical explanation of MaxEnt for ecologists. Diversity and Distribution, 17: 43-57 Cerca con Google

- EMA: EMA/CVMP/296057/2010 – EPAR – Public assessment report, CaniLeish Scientific discussion (2011) http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/EPAR__Public_assessment_report/veterinary/002232/WC500104953.pdf Vai! Cerca con Google

- Farkas R., Tánczos B., Bongiorno G., Maroli M., Dereure J. (2011) First surveys to investigate the presence of canine leishmaniasis and its phlebotomine vectors in Hungary. Vector Borne Zoonotic Diseases, 11: 823-834. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0186 Cerca con Google

- Feliciangeli, M.D. (2004) Natural breeding places of phlebotomine sandflies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 18: 71-80 Cerca con Google

- Ferrarese U., Natale A., Corradi S., Maroli M. (2004) Nuovi ritrovamenti di flebotomi (Diptera, Psychodidae) nella parte meridionale del Trentino. Annali del museo civico di Rovereto, 20: 341-348 Cerca con Google

- Ferroglio E., Maroli M., Castaldo S., Trisciuoglio A., Raimondo C., Veysendaz E., Saracco M., Rossi L. (2002) Survey of phlebotomine sandflies in North-West Italy. Parassitologia, 44(Suppl 1): 68 Cerca con Google

- Ferroglio E., Maroli M., Gastaldo S., Mignone W., Rossi L. (2005) Canine leishmaniasis in Italy, Emerging. Infectious Diseases, 11: 1618-1620 Cerca con Google

- Ferroglio E., Poggi M., Trisciuoglio A. (2008) Evaluation of 65% Permethrin Spot-on and Deltamethrin- impregnated Collars for Canine Leishmania infantum Infection Prevention. Zoonoses Public Health, 55: 145-148 Cerca con Google

- Fielding A.H., Bell J.F. (1997) A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors in conservation presence/absence models. Environmental Conservation, 24: 38-49 Cerca con Google

- Fischer D., Thomas S.M., Beierkuhnlein C. (2011a) Modelling climatic suitability and dispersal for disease vectors: the example of a phlebotomine sandfly in Europe. Procedia Environmental Science, 7: 164-169 Cerca con Google

- Fischer D., Moeller P., Thomas S.M., Naucke T.J., Beierkuhnlein C. (2011b) Combining Climatic Projections and Dispersal Ability: A Method for Estimating the Responses of Sandfly Vector Species to Climate Change. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5(11): e1407. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001407. Cerca con Google

- Fischer D., Thomas S.M., Beierkuhnlein C. (2010) Temperature-derived potential for the establishment of phlebotomine sandflies and visceral leishmaniasis in Germany. Geospatial Health, 5: 59-69 Cerca con Google

- Foglia Manzillo V., Oliva G., Pagano A., Manna L., Maroli M., Gradoni L. (2006) Deltamethrin-impregnated collars for the control of canine leishmaniasis: evaluation of the protective effect and influence on the clinical outcome of Leishmania infection in kennelled stray dogs. Veterinary Parasitology, 142: 142-145 Cerca con Google

- Franklin J. (2009) Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction. Cambridge University Press. PART III, pp.: 105-205. Available at: http://assets.cambridge.org/97805218/76353/frontmatter/9780521876353_frontmatter.pdf Vai! Cerca con Google

- Freeman E., Moisen, G. (2008) A comparison of the performance of threshold criteria for binary classification in terms of predicted prevalence. Ecological Modelling, 217: 48-58 Cerca con Google

- Gebre-Michael T., Malone J. B., Balkew M., Ali A., Berhe N., Hailu A., Herzi A. A. (2004). Mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus martini and P. orientalis (diptera: Psychodidae), vectors of kala-azar in east Africa by use of geographic information systems. Acta Tropica, 90(1): 73-86 Cerca con Google

- Gillies M.T. (1980) The role of carbon dioxide in host-finding by mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): a review. Bullettin of Entomological Research, 70: 525-532 Cerca con Google

- Gkolfinopoulou K., Bitsolas N., Patrinos S., Veneti L., Marka A., Dougas G., Pervanidou D., Detsis M., Triantafillou E., Georgakopoulou T., Billinis C., Kremastinou J., Hadjichristodoulou C. (2013) Epidemiology of human leishmaniasis in Greece, 1981-2011. Euro Surveill, 18 (29): pii=20532 Cerca con Google

- Gonzalez C., Wang O., Strutz S.E., González-Salazar C., Sanchez-Cordero V., Sarkar S. (2010) Climate Change and Risk of Leishmaniasis in North America: Predictions from Ecological Niche Models of Vector and Reservoir Species. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 4(1): e585. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000585 Cerca con Google

- González C. Paz A., Ferro C. (2014) Predicted altitudinal shifts and reduced spatial distribution of Leishmania infantum vector species under climate change scenarios in Colombia. Acta Tropica, 129: 83-90 Cerca con Google

- Gradoni L., Gramiccia M., Khoury C., Maroli M. (2004) Linee guida per il controllo del serbatoio canino della leishmaniosi viscerale zoonotica in Italia. Rapporti ISTISAN 04/12, http://www.anagrafecaninarer.it/acrer/Portals/0/files/linee%20guida%20ISS.pdf Vai! Cerca con Google

- Gramiccia M., Scalone A., Di Muccio T., Orsini S., Fiorentino E., Gradoni L. (2013) The burden of visceral leishmaniasis in Italy from 1982 to 2012: a retrospective analysis of the multi-annual epidemic that occurred from 1989 to 2009. Euro Surveill, 18(29): pii=20535 Cerca con Google

- Guisan A., Zimmermann N. (2000) Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology. Ecological Modelling, 135: 147-186 Cerca con Google

- Guisan A., Edwards Jr. T.C., Hastie T. (2002) Generalized linear and generalized additive models in studies of species distributions: Setting the scene. Ecological Modelling, 157: 89-100 Cerca con Google

- Guisan A., Graham C.H., Elith J., Huettmann F. (2007) Sensitivity of predictive species distribution models to change in grain size. Diversity and Distributions, 13: 332-340 Cerca con Google

- Handman E., Bullen D.V. (2002) Interaction of Leishmania with the host macrophage. Trends in Parasitology, 18(8): 332-4 Cerca con Google

- Haeberlein S., Fischer D., Thomas S.M., Schleicher U., Beierkuhnlein C., Bogdan C. (2013) First Assessment for the Presence of Phlebotomine Vectors in Bavaria, Southern Germany, by Combined Distribution Modeling and Field Surveys. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081088 Cerca con Google

- Hassan A.N., Beck L.R., Dister S. (1998) Prediction of villages at risk for filariasis transmission in the Nile Delta using remote sensing and geographic information system technologies. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 28: 75-87 Cerca con Google

- Hasibeder G., Dye C., Carpenter J. (1992) Mathematical modelling and theory for estimating the basic reproduction number of canine leishmaniasis. Parasitology, 105: 43-53 Cerca con Google

- Hernandez P.A., Graham C.H., Master M.M., Albert D. (2006). The effect of sample size and species characteristics on performance of different species distribution modelling methods. Ecography, 29: 773-785 Cerca con Google

- Hijmans R.J., Cameron S.E., Parra J.L., Jones P.G., Jarvis A., (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology, 25: 1965-1978 Cerca con Google

- Hernandez PA, Graham CH, Master LL, Albert DL (2006). The effect of sample size and species characteristics on performance of different species distribution modeling methods. Ecography, 29: 773-785 Cerca con Google

- Hutchinson, G.E. (1957) Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology. 22: 415-457 Cerca con Google

- Jaynes E.T., 1957. Information theory and statistical mechanics. Physical Review, 106: 620-630 Cerca con Google

- Jerrett M., Gale S., Kontgis C. (2010) Spatial Modeling in Environmental and Public Health Research. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7: 1302-1329; doi:10.3390/ijerph7041302 Cerca con Google

- Kasap, O. E., A. Belen, S. Kaynas, F.M. Simsek, L. Biler, N. Ata, B. Alten (2009) Activity patterns of sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) species and comparative performance of different traps in an endemic cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in Cukurova Plain, Southern Anatolia, Turkey. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 78: 327-335 Cerca con Google

- Killick-Kendrick R. (1979) The biology of Leishmania in phlebotomine sandflies In Biology of the Kinetoplastida. A cura di Killick-Kendrick R., Lumsden W. H. R., Evans D. A., Academic Press, London. 395-460 Cerca con Google

- Killick-Kendrick R., Rioux J. A., Bailly M. (1984) Ecology of leishmaniasis in the south of France. 20. Dispersal of Phlebotomus ariasi Tonnoir, 1921 as a factor in the spread of visceral leishmaniasis in the Cévennes. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 59: 555-572 Cerca con Google

- Killick-Kendrick, R., Wilkes, T.J., Alexander, J., Bray, R.S., Rioux, J. A., Bailly M. (1985) The distance of attraction of CDC light traps to phlebotomine sandflies. Annales de Parasitologie et Humaine Comparee, 60: 763-767 Cerca con Google

- Killick-Kendrick, R. (1999) The biology and control of phlebotomine sand flies. Clinics in Dermatology, 17: 279-289 Cerca con Google

- Kumar, K., Singh, K., Das, R.K., Rahman, S.J., Sharma, S.K. (1995) Laboratory and Field Observations on the Effectiveness of DDT for the Control of the Vector Sandfly Phlebotomus Argentipes in the kala azar endemic state of Bihar. Document WHO/LEISH/95.36, World Health Organization, Geneva. Cerca con Google

- Lawler J. J., Shafer S. L., White D., Kareiva P., Maurer E. P., Blaustein A. R., Bartlein P. J. (2009) Projected climate- induced faunal change in the Western Hemisphere. Ecology, 90: 588-597 Cerca con Google

- Lewis D.J. (1982) A taxonomic review of the genus Phlebotomus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Entomology), 45: 121-209 Cerca con Google

- Liu C., Berry P.M., Dawson T.P., Pearson R.G. (2005) Selecting thresholds of occurrence in the prediction of species distributions. Ecography, 28: 385-393 Cerca con Google

- Loiselle B.A., Jørgensen P.M., Consiglio T., Jiménez I., Blake J.G., Lohmann L.G., Montiel O.M. (2008) Predicting species distributions from herbarium collections: does climate bias in collection sampling influence model outcomes? Journal of Biogeography, 35: 105-116 Cerca con Google

- Macdonald G. (1952) The analysis of the sporozoite rate. Tropical Diseases Bulletin, 49: 569-86 Cerca con Google

- Mancianti F., Ariti G. (2010) Diagnosi eziologica della leishmaniosi canina, in: Leishmaniosi canina: recenti acquisizioni su epidemiologia, implicazioni cliniche, diagnosi, terapia e prevenzione, Edizioni Veterinarie, 65-73 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M.; Bettini S. (1977) Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): An investigation on phlebotomine sandflies in Grosseto Province. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(4): 315-21 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M. (1983) Laboratory colonization of Phlebotomus perfiliewi (Parrot). Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(6): 876-7 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Fiorentino S., Guandalini E. (1987a) Biology of a laboratory colony of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 24(5): 547-51 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M.; Gramiccia M.; Gradoni L. (1987) Natural infection of Phlebotomus perfiliewi with Leishmania infantum in a cutaneous leishmaniasis focus of the Abruzzi region, Italy. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 81(4): 596-8 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M. (1988) La specie Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: psycodidae) è attualmente rara in Italia? alcuni aspetti sanitari legati alla sua endofilia. Parassitologia, 30 (1): 119-120 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Bigliocchi F., Khoury C. (1994) Sandflies in Italy: observations on their distribution and methods for control. Parassitologia, 36(3): 251-64 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Sansoni L., Bigliocchi F., Khoury C., Valsecchi M. (1995) Reperimento di Phlebotomus neglectus Tonnoir, 1921 (= P. major s.l.) in un focolaio di leishmaniosi nel nord Italia (Provincia di Verona). Parassitologia, 37: 241-244 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M.; Pontuale G.; Khoury C.; Frusteri L.; Raineri V. (1997a) About the eastern limit of distribution of Phlebotomus ariasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). Parasite, 4, 377-381 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Feliciangeli M.D., Arias J. (1997b) Metodos de captura, conservacion y montaje de los flebotomos (Diptera: Psychodidae). Documento OPS/HCP/ HCT/95/97, Organizacion Panamericana de la Salud, Washington DC, USA Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Khoury C. (1998) Leishmaniasis vectors in Italy. Giornale Italiano di Medicina Tropicale, 3(3-4): 69-75 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Mizzoni V., Siragusa C., D’Orazi A., Gradoni L. (2001) Evidence for an impact on the incidence of canine leishmaniasis by the mass use of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars in southern Italy. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 15: 358-363 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M. (2003) I vettori di leishmaniosi e prospettive di controllo. Il controllo degli infestanti di interesse urbano e sanitario: integrazione tra pubblico e privato. Atti del convegno presso il Centro Ricerche Marine , Cesenatico, 15-16 maggio 2003, 36-46 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Rossi L., Baldelli R., Capelli G., Ferroglio E., Genchi C., Gramiccia M., Mortarino M., Pietrobelli M., Gradoni L. (2008) The northward spread of leishmaniasis in Italy: evidence from retrospective and ongoing studies on the canine reservoir and phlebotomine vectors. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13: 256-264 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Gradoni L., Oliva G., Castagnaro M., Crotti A., Lubas G., Paltrinieri S., Roura X., Zatelli A., Zini E. (2009) Leishmaniosi canina: linee guida su diagnosi, stadiazione, terapia, monitoraggio e prevenzione. Parte III: Prevenzione. Veterinaria, Anno 23, 4: 19-26 Cerca con Google

- Maroli M., Feliciangeli M.D., Bichaud L., Charrel R.N., Gradoni L. (2012) Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01034.x Cerca con Google

- Martin-Sanchez J., Morales-Yuste M., Acedo-Sanchez C., Baròn S., Diaz V., Morillas-Marquez F. (2009) Canine Leishmaniasis in Southeastern Spain. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(5): 795-798 Cerca con Google

- Merow C., Matthew J., Smith and John A. Silander, Jr. (2013) A practical guide to MaxEnt for modeling species’ distributions: what it does, and why inputs and settings matter. Ecography, 36: 1058-1069 Cerca con Google

- Miller J.R., Turner M.G., Smithwick E.A.H., Dent C.L., Stanley E.H. (2004) Spatial extrapolation: the science of predicting ecological patterns and processes. BioScience, 54: 310-20 Cerca con Google

- Miller J. (2010) Species Distribution Modeling. Geography Compass 4/6: 490–509 Cerca con Google

- Miró G., Checa R., Montoya A., Hernández L., Dado D., Gálvez R. (2012) Current situation of Leishmania infantum infection in shelter dogs in northern Spain. Parasites and Vectors, 5: 60 Cerca con Google

- Moffett A., Shackelford N., Sarkar S. (2007) Malaria in Africa: vector species’ niche models and relative risk maps. PLoS ONE, 2: e824. doi:810.1371/ journal.pone.0000824.0000822. Cerca con Google

- Molyneux D. H.; Killick-Kendrick R. (1987). Morphology, ultra- structure and life cycles life cycles. Volume 1, pp. 121-76. Academic Press, London. Cerca con Google

- Mollicone E., Battelli G., Gramiccia M., Maroli M., Baldelli R. (2003) A stable focus of canine leishmaniosis in the Bologna Province (Italy). Parassitologia, 45(1-2): 85-88 Cerca con Google

- Montarsi F., Martini S., Dal Pont M., Delai N., Ferro Milone N., Mazzucato M., Soppelsa F., Cazzola L., Cazzin S., Ravagnan S., Ciocchetta S., Russo F., Capelli G. (2013) Distribution and habitat characterization of the recently introduced invasive mosquito Aedes koreicus [Hulecoeteomyia koreica], a new potential vector and pest in north-eastern Italy. Parasites & Vectors, doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-6-292. Cerca con Google

- Moo-Llanes D., Ibarra-Cerden C.N., Rebollar E.A., Ibáñez-Bernal S., Gonzalez C., Janine M. Ramsey J.M. (2013) Current and Future Niche of North and Central American Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Climate Change Scenarios. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 7(9): e2421. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002421. Cerca con Google

- Moreno J., Alvar J. (2002) Canine leishmaniasis: epidemiological risk and the experimental model. Trends in Parasitology, 18: 399-405 Cerca con Google

- Morosetti G., Bongiorno G., Beran B., Scalone A., Moser J., Gramiccia M., Gradoni L., Maroli M. (2009) Risk assessment for canine leishmaniasis spreading in the north of Italy. Geospatial Health, 4(1): 115-127 Cerca con Google

- Morse S.S. (1995) Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1(1): 7-15 Cerca con Google

- Moschin J.C., Ovallos F.G., Sei I.A., Galati E.A. (2013) Ecological aspects of phlebotomine fauna (Diptera, Psychodidae) of Serra da Cantareira, Greater São Paulo Metropolitan region, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, 16(1): 190-201 Cerca con Google

- Mughini-Gras L., Mulatti P., Severini F., Boccolini D., Romi R., Bongiorno G., Khoury C., Bianchi R., Montarsi F., Patregnani T., Bonfanti L., Rezza G., Capelli G., Busani L. (2013) Ecological Niche Modelling of Potential West Nile Virus Vector Mosquito Species and Their Geographical Association with Equine Epizootics in Italy. Ecohealth, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24121802 Vai! Cerca con Google

- Mulatti P., Bonfanti l., Capelli G., Capello K., Lorenzetto M., Terregino C., Monaco F., Ferri G., Marangon S. (2013) West Nile Virus in North-Eastern Italy, 2011: Entomological and Equine IgM-Based Surveillance to Detect Active Virus Circulation. Zoonoses and Public Health, 60: 375-382 Cerca con Google

- Natale A. (2004) Vecchi e nuovi focolai di leishmaniosi canina nelle Venezie: indagine epidemiologica. Tesi di dottorato di Ricerca in “Sanità Pubblica, Igiene Veterinaria e delle Produzioni Animali” XVI ciclo- Università degli studi di Padova. Cerca con Google

- Naucke T.J., Lorentz S. (2012) First report of venereal and vertical transmission of canine leishmaniosis from naturally infected dogs in Germany. Parasites & Vectors, 5: 67, doi: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-67. Cerca con Google

- Naucke T.J., Lorentz S., Rauchenwald F., Aspock H. (2011) Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908, in Carinthia: first record of the occurrence of sandflies in Austria (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae). Parasitology Research, 109: 1161-1164 Cerca con Google

- Naucke T.J., Pesson B. (2000) Presence of Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908 (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Germany. Parasitology Research, 86: 335-336 Cerca con Google

- Norman J., Becker F. (1995) Terminology in thermal infrared remote sensing of natural surfaces. Remote Sensing Reviews, 12: 159-173 Cerca con Google

- Neteler M., Roiz D., Rocchini D., Castellani C., Rizzoli A. (2011) Terra and Aqua satellites track tiger mosquito invasion: modelling the potential distribution of Aedes albopictus in north-eastern Italy. International Journal of Health Geographics, 3:10-49 Cerca con Google

- Oliva G., Roura X., Crotti A., Zini E., Maroli M., Castagnaro M., Gradoni L., Lubas G., Paltrinieri S., Zatelli A., (2008) Leishmaniosi canina: linee guida su diagnosi, stadi azione, terapia, monitoraggio e prevenzione. Parte II: Approccio terapeutico. Veterinaria, 6: 9-20 Cerca con Google

- Ortega-Huerta M.A., Peterson A.T. (2008) Modeling ecological niches and predicting geographic distributions: a test of six presence-only methods. Revista Mexicana De Biodiversidad, 79: 205-216 Cerca con Google

- Otranto D., Dantas-Torres F., De Caprariis D., Di Paola G., D. Tarallo V., Latrofa M.S., Riccardo Lia R.P., Annoscia G., Breitshwerdt E.B., Cantacessi C., Capelli G., Stanneck D. (2013) Prevention of Canine Leishmaniosis in a Hyper-Endemic Area Using a Combination of 10% Imidacloprid/4.5% Flumethrin. PLoS One, 8(2): e56374 Cerca con Google

- Owens S.D., Oakley D.A., Marryott K., Hatchett W., Walton R., Nolan T.J., Newton A., Steurer F., Schantz P., Giger U. (2001) Transmission of visceral leishmaniasis through blood transfusions from infected English foxhounds to anemic dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 219(8): 1076-83 Cerca con Google

- Pampiglione S, La Placa M & Schlick G (1974) Studies on Mediterranean leishmaniasis. I. An outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis in Northern Italy. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 68: 349-359 Cerca con Google

- Papes M., Gaubert P. (2007) Modelling ecological niches from low numbers of occurrences: assessment of the conservation status of poorly known viverrids (Mammalia, Carnivora) across two continents, Diversity and Distributions, 13: 890-902 Cerca con Google

- Pearson R.G., Dawson T.P. (2003) Predicting the impacts of climate change on the distribution of species: are bioclimate envelope models useful? Global Ecology & Biogeography, 12: 361-371 Cerca con Google

- Pearson R.G., Thuiller W., Araújo M.B., Martinez-Meyer E., Brotons L., McClean C., Miles L., Segurado P., Dawson T.P., Lees D. (2006) Model-based uncertainty in species' range prediction. Journal of Biogeography, 33: 1704-1711 Cerca con Google

- Pearson R.G., Raxworthy C.J., Nakamura M., Peterson A.T. (2007) Predicting species distribution from small numbers of occurrence records: a test case using cryptic geckos in Madagascar. Journal of Biogeografy, 34: 102-117 Cerca con Google

- Pearson R.G. (2007) Species’ Distribution Modeling for Conservation Educators and Practitioners. Synthesis. American Museum of Natural History. “Copyright 2006, by the authors of the material, with license for use granted to the Center for Biodiversity and Conservation of the American Museum of Natural History. All rights reserved.” Available at http://ncep.amnh.org Vai! Cerca con Google

- Pedonese F., Mancianti F., Bernardini S., Melosi M. (2000) Further records on canine leishmaniasis in the province of Pisa (Tuscany). Animal Biology, 9: 101-103 Cerca con Google

- Pérez J., Virgen A., Rojas J.C., Rebollar-Téllez E.A., Alfredo C., Infante F., Mikery O., Marina C.F., Ibáñez-Bernal S. (2013) Species composition and seasonal abundance of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in coffee agroecosystems. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0074-0276130224 Vai! Cerca con Google

- Peterson A.T., Sanchez-Cordero V., Beard C.B., Ramsey J.M. (2002) Ecologic niche modeling and potential reservoirs for Chagas disease, México. Emergence Infectious Diseases, 8: 662-667 Cerca con Google

- Peterson A.T., Shaw J. (2003) Lutzomyia vectors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Southern Brazil: ecological niche models, predicted geographic distributions, and climate change effects. International Journal for Parasitology, 33: 919-931 Cerca con Google

- Peterson A.T., Scachetti Pereira R., Fonseca de Camargo Neves V. (2004) Using epidemiological survey data to infer geographic distributions of leishmaniasis vector species. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 37: 10-14 Cerca con Google

- Peterson A. T., Benz B. W, Papexs M. (2007) Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza: entry pathways into North America via bird migration. PLoS ONE, 2:e261. Cerca con Google

- Peterson A.T., Lash R.R, Carrol D.S., Johnson K.M. (2006) Geographic potential for outbreaks of Marburg hemorrhagic fever. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 75: 9-15 Cerca con Google

- Peterson A. T., Stewart A., Mohamed K. I., Araujo M. B. (2008) Shifting global invasive potential of European plants with climate change. PLoS ONE, 3:e2441 Cerca con Google

- Peterson A.T., Soberòn J., Pearson R.G., Anderson R.P., Martinez-Meyer E., Nakamura M., Araùjo M.B. (2011) Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions. Monographs in population biology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Cerca con Google

- Phillips S.J., Dudı́k, M. (2008) Modeling of species distributions with Maxent: new extensions and a comprehensive evaluation. Ecography, 31: 161-175 Cerca con Google

- Phillips S.J., Anderson R.P., Schapire R.E. (2006) Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions. Ecological Modelling, 190: 231-259 Cerca con Google

- Piccoli L., Ceretti G., Capelli G., Manca G., Poglayen G (1999) Leishmaniosi Canina: la situazione in Veneto. Il Progresso Veterinario, 19: 991-996 Cerca con Google

- Pietrobelli M., Frangipane di Regalbono A., Natale A., Butteri E., Lerco C., Furnari C., Capelli G. (2004) Sorveglianza sierologica della leishmaniosi canina in Italia nord-orientale. Atti SISVet, LVIII: 124 Cerca con Google

- Poglayen G., Marangon S., Manca M.G., Capelli G., Dalla Pozza M., Casati D., Vantini E., Bressan G., Passarini G. (1997) A new outbreak of canine leishmaniosis in the North-East of Italy. Acta Parasitologica Turcica, 21(1): 143 Cerca con Google

- Pope K.O., Rejmánková E., Savage H.M., Arredondo- Jimenez J.I., Rodríguez M.H., Roberts D.R. (1993) Remote sensing of tropical wetlands for malaria control in Chiapas, Mexico. Ecological Applications, 4: 81-90 Cerca con Google

- Pozio E., Gradoni L., Gramiccia M. (1985) La leshmaniose canine en Italie de 1910 a 1983. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee, 60: 543-553 Cerca con Google

- Rabinovich J., Feliciangeli M. (2004) Parameters of Leishmania braziliensis transmission by indoor Lutzomyia ovallesi in Venezuela. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 70(4): 373-82 Cerca con Google

- Ready P.D. (2008) Leishmaniasis emergence and climate change. Scientific and Technical Review of the Office International des Epizooties, 27: 399–412 Cerca con Google

- Ready P.D. (2010) Leishmaniasis emergence in Europe. Euro Surveill, 15(10): pii=19505 Cerca con Google

- Rejmánková E., Roberts D.R., Pawley A., Manguin S., Polanco J. (1995) Predictions of adult Anopheles albimanus densities in villages based on distance to remotely sensed larval habitats. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 53 (5): 482-488 Cerca con Google

- Rinaldi L., Musella V., Biggeri A., Cringoli G. (2006) New insights into the application of geographical information systems and remote sensing in veterinary parasitology. Geospatial Health, 1(1): 33-47 Cerca con Google

- Rezza G., Nicoletti L., Angelini R., Finarelli A., Panning M., Cordioli P., Fortuna C., Boros S., Maturano F. (2007) Infection with chikungunya virus in Italy: an outbreak in a temperate region. The Lancet, 370(9602): 1840- 1846 Cerca con Google

- Rioux J.A., Aboulker J.P., Lanotte G., Killick-Kendrick R., Martini-Dumas A. (1985) Ecologie des leishmanioses dans le sud de la france. 21. Influence de la temperature sur le d´eveloppement de Leishmania infantum nicolle, 1908 chez Phlebotomus ariasi tonnoir, 1921. Etude expèrimentale. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee, 60(3): 221-9 Cerca con Google

- Robert L.L., Perich M.J. (1995) Phlebotomine sandfly (Diptera: Psychodidae) control using a residual pyrethroid insecticide. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 11: 195-199 Cerca con Google

- Romi R., Khoury C., Bigliocchi F., Maroli M. (1994) Schede guida su acari e insetti di interesse sanitario. Rapporti ISTISAN, 94/8: 33-42 Cerca con Google

- Rossi E., Rinaldi L., Musella V., Veneziano V., Carbone S., Gradoni L., Cringoli G. (2007) Mapping the main Leishmania phlebotomine vector in the endemic focus of the Mt. Vesuvius in southern Italy. Geospatial Health, 2: 191-198 Cerca con Google

- Rossi E., Bongiorno G., Ciolli E., Di Muccio T., Scalone A., Gramiccia M., Gradoni L., Maroli M. (2008) Seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and natural Leishmania infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in Rome province, Italy. Acta Tropica, 105: 158-165 Cerca con Google

- Rossi L., Ferroglio E., Guiso P., Ferrasi P., Pancaldi P. (1999) Segnalazione di un focolaio di leishmaniosi canina sulla collina torinese. Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva, 20: 20 Cerca con Google

- Roze M. (2005) Canine leishmaniasis: A spreading disease. Diagnosis and treatment. EJCAP, 15: 39-52 Cerca con Google

- Salvemini M., Berardi L., Di Donato P., Mattiozzi G. (2013) La rappresentazione cartografica. La Certificazione ECDL-GIS, modulo I. APOGEO srl, ISBN: 9788850313648. Idee Editoriali Feltrinelli, Milano, Italia. Cerca con Google

- Schröder B. (2008) Challenges of species distribution modelling belowground. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 171: 325-37 Cerca con Google

- Short N.M. (2009) The Remote Sensing Tutorial: The Concept of Remote Sensing. Available online: http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Intro/Part2_1.html Vai! Cerca con Google

- Segurado P., Araújo M.B. (2004) An evaluation of methods for modelling species distributions. Journal of Biogeography, 31(10): 1555-1568, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01076.x Cerca con Google

- Signorini M., Montarsi F., Drigo M., Agugiaro G., Frangipane di Regalbono A., Cassini R. (2010) Increment of sandflies density detected through a 5-years entomological monitoring of a recently described leishmaniosis focus in north-eastern Italy. Atti del XXVI Congresso nazionale della Società Italiana di Parassitologia, Perugia, 22-25 giugno, Parassitologia, 52 (1-2): 185 Cerca con Google

- Signorini M., Drigo M., Marcer F., Frangipane di Regalbono A., Gasparini G., Montarsi F., Pietrobelli M., Cassini R. (2013) Comparative field study to evaluate the performance of three different traps for collecting sand flies, in north-eastern Italy. Journal of Vector Ecology, 38(2): 374-378 Cerca con Google

- Solano-Gallego L., Morell P., Arboix M., Alberola J., Ferrer L. (2001) Prevalence of L. infantum infection in dogs living in an area of canine Leishmaniasis endemicity using PCR on several tissues and serology. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 39: 560-563 Cerca con Google

- Stevens K.B., Pfeiffer D.U. (2011) Spatial modelling of disease using data- and knowledge-driven approaches. Spatial and Spatiotemporal Epidemiology, 2(3): 125-33. doi: 10.1016/j.sste.2011.07.007. Cerca con Google

- Stensgaard, A. Jørgensen, N.B. Kabatereine, J.B. Malone, T.K. Kristensen (2005) Modeling the distribution of Schistosoma mansoni and host snails in Uganda using satellite sensor data and Geographical Information Systems. Parassitologia, 47: 115-125 Cerca con Google

- Stensgaard A.S., Utzinger J., Vounatsou P., Hurlimann E., Schur N., Saarnak C.F.L., Simoonga C., Mubita P, Kabatereine N. B., Tchuenté T. L., Rahbek C., Kristensen T.K. (2013) Large-scale determinants of intestinal schistosomiasis and intermediate host snail distribution across Africa: Does climate matter? Acta Tropica, 128(2): 378-90. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.11.010. Cerca con Google

- Tarallo V.D., Dantas-Torres F., Lia R.P., Otranto D. (2010) Phlebotomine sand fly population dynamics in a leishmaniasis endemic peri-urban area in southern Italy. Acta tropica, 116: 227-234 Cerca con Google

- Theodor O. (1936) On the relation of Phlebotomus papatasi to the temperature and humidity of the environment. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 36: 653- 671 Cerca con Google

- Thompson D.F., Malone J.B., Harb M., Faris R., Huh O.K., Buck A.A. (1996) Bancroftian filariasis distribution and diurnal temperature differences in the southern Nile Delta. Emergence Infectious Diseases, 2: 234-5 Cerca con Google

- Thomson M.C., Connor S.J., Milligan P.J.M., Flasse S.P. (1997) Mapping malaria risk in Africa: what can satellite data contribute? Parasitology Today, 13: 313-8 Cerca con Google

- Thuiller W. (2003) Biomod - optimizing predictions of species distributions and projecting potential future shifts under global change. Global Change Biology, 9: 1353-1362 Cerca con Google

- Valenta, D.T., Tang, Y., Anez, N. (1995) A new method to determine the distance at which phlebotomine sandflies are attracted to light under field conditions. Proceedings of the II International Symposium on Phlebotomine Sand Flies (ISOPS II) Merida, Venezuela. Boletõn de la Direccion de Malariologõa y Saneamiento Ambiental, 35(Suppl. 1): 353-358 Cerca con Google

- Varani S., Cagarelli R., Melchionda F., Attard L., Salvadori C., Finarelli A.C., Gentilomi G.A., Tigani R., Rangoni R., Todeschini R., Scalone A., Di Muccio T., Gramiccia M., Gradoni L., Viale P., Landini M.P. (2013) Ongoing outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis in Bologna Province, Italy, November 2012 to May 2013. Euro Surveill. 18(29): pii=20530 Cerca con Google

- Vascellari M., Natale A., Schievenin E., Miatto A., Brino A., Frangipane di Regalbono A., Pietrobelli M. (2005) Descrizione di un nuovo focolaio di leishmaniosi canina nella Regione Veneto. Veterinaria, 3: 25-29 Cerca con Google

- Vesco U. (2005) Elaborazione di un modello previsionale sulla presenza dei vettori di leishmaniosi canina in Piemonte e Valle d’Aosta. Tesi di Laurea in Medicina Veterinaria, anno accademico 2004-2005, Università degli Studi di Torino. Cerca con Google

- Veronesi E., Pilani R., Carrieri M., Bellini R. (2007). Trapping sand flies in the Emilia Romagna region of northern Italy. Journal of Vector Ecology, 32: 313-318 Cerca con Google

- World Health Organization (1990) Control of leishmaniasis. Relazione tecnica, WHO, Geneva. Cerca con Google

- World Health Organization (2010) Control of the leishmaniasis. Report of a Meeting of the WHO Expert Committee on the Control of Leishmaniases, 22–26 March 2010, WHO Technical Report Series. WHO, Geneva. Cerca con Google

- Young N., Carter L., Evangelista P. (2011) A MaxEnt Model v3.3.3e Tutorial (ArcGIS v10) http://ibis.colostate.edu/WebContent/WS/ColoradoView/TutorialsDownloads/A_Maxent_Model_v7.pdf Vai! Cerca con Google

- European Environment Agency (EEA). http://www.eea.europa.eu/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- Global Change Master Directory, NASA. http://gcmd.nasa.gov/records/GCMD_NCAR_DS758.0.html Vai! Cerca con Google

- Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC), located at USGS/EROS, Sioux Falls, SD. http://lpdaac.usgs.gov Vai! Cerca con Google

- MaxEnt. http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~schapire/maxent/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- Quantum Gis Project. http://www.qgis.org/it/site/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- R project. http://www.R-project.org/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- Spatial Ecology. http://www.spatialecology.com/gme/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/ Vai! Cerca con Google

- WorldClim - Global Climate Data - Free climate data for ecological modeling and GIS. http://www.worldclim.org/ Vai! Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record