Illetterati, Luca (2007) L'oggettivitĂ del pensiero. La filosofia di Hegel tra idealismo, anti-idealismo e realismo: un'introduzione. [Book chapters] In: L'oggettivitĂ del pensiero. La filosofia di Hegel tra idealismo, anti-idealismo e realismo. Verifiche, 36 (1-4). Associazione trentina di scienze umane, Trento, pp. 13-31.
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Thought, according to Hegel, is not only the product of a faculty of a subject, or a means by which a thinking subject tries to grasp a world that is alien to him. It is also the very structure of the world, that is disclosed to a subject through the thinking activity of a subject. The fundamental question that crosses the whole post-Kantian philosophy is that of the relation between thought and reality, i.e. the question of whether reality depends on the categorial requirements imposed by the thinking subject, or whether reality maintains some form of independence from the thinking subject. Seen from this standpoint, Hegel can be read both as an author who radicalizes Kantâ€™s transcendental perspective, and also as a critic of that perspective. In other words, he can be seen as an idealist: according to Hegel, any philosophy is idealist if it claims that something finite, qua finite, is essentially connected with something other. He can also be seen as an anti-idealist: insofar as his philosophy aims to overcome a hyper-transcendentalist perspective, i.e. it is so since it rejects idealism as subjective idealism. Moreover, Hegelâ€™s anti-idealism can be characterized as realism.
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