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Vanzo, Alberto (2012) Kant on Experiment. In: Rationis Defensor: Essays in Honour of Colin Cheyne. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 28 . Springer, Dordrecht, 1[75]-36[96]. ISBN 978-94-007-3982-6

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Abstract (inglese)

This paper discusses Immanuel Kant's views on the role of experiments in natural science, focusing on their relationship with hypotheses, laws of nature, and the heuristic principles of scientific enquiry. Kant's views are contrasted with the philosophy of experiment that was first sketched by Francis Bacon and later developed by Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. Kant holds that experiments are always designed and carried out in the light of hypotheses. Hypotheses are derived from experience on the basis of a set of heuristic principles. The function of experiments is testing hypotheses in order to either reject them as false, or else to transform them into empirical laws of nature. To this end, we must integrate the hypotheses that are confirmed by experiments with the a priori principles which are the foundations of natural science. Compared with Bacon, Boyle, and Hooke, Kant has elaborate views on the one hand, on how our theoretical and pre-theoretical assumptions bear on experimental practice, and on the other hand, on how the results of experimental activity can be integrated with theories to advance our knowledge of nature. However, Kant overstates the dependence of experiments on theories.


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Tipo di EPrint:Contributo in Libro
Anno di Pubblicazione:2012
Informazioni aggiuntive:DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-3983-3_7. Nella versione editoriale: cap. 7: 75-96.
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):experiment, experimental philosophy, Francis Bacon, hypotheses, Immanuel Kant, laws of nature, Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-STO/05 Storia della scienza e delle tecniche
Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-FIL/06 Storia della filosofia
Area 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, pedagogiche e psicologiche > M-FIL/01 Filosofia teoretica
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Filosofia, Sociologia, Pedagogia e Psicologia Applicata
Codice ID:7346
Depositato il:06 Nov 2014 16:31
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