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Cascini, Alessandro (2015) Innovative approaches and models for Green Supply Chain Management: from Design for Environment to Reverse Logistics. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Abstract (inglese)

Emerging environmental, social and economic issues have attracted increasing global concern over the course of the last decade. Many entities, such as governments and companies have taken on the label of “sustainable” to attempt to conciliate the public or try to gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace, but still struggle in effectively integrating sustainability principles into their project or development.
Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is a comprehensive philosophy developed in the last years to support companies and governments to improve their environmental sustainability. Green Supply Chain Management implies the pursuit of eco-efficiency for supply chains in their entirety, as a global purpose shared by all stakeholders. Topics like Green Purchasing, Design for Environment (DfE), Closed-Loop Supply Chain (CLSC), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Green Manufacturing, Waste Management, Reuse, Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, and Reverse Logistics (RL) fall under the main umbrella of GSCM.
The objective of this research is the study, adaptation, integration, development and application of innovative approaches and models for decision-making support in the context of GSCM. Such methodologies are expected to lead decision-makers, in particular companies, in the management of product and service design. In particular, this thesis focuses on the integration of LCA methodology in the DfE of prototypal devices and mechanical plants, on application and integration of LCA and Life Cycle Costing (LCC) in the analysis of economic and environmental performances of supply chains, on the modelling by single- and multi-objective optimisation problems in the design and planning of CLSCs.
In this research, the role of LCA as methodological central thread clearly emerges. As a start, LCA has been adopted as supporting tool in DfE of products. Then, combined with LCC, as part of a comprehensive economic-environmental evaluation of multiple options in the logistics of the distribution of products. Finally, through the implementation in a Multi-objective optimisation model, LCA has been included in a decision support tool for the optimal design and planning of a CLSC. In summary, this research can be also understood as a path, in which LCA has evolved from ex post assessment method, to ex ante optimisation tool.

Abstract (italiano)

L’ultimo decennio è stato caratterizzato dalle emergenti questioni ambientali, sociali ed economiche che hanno attirato una crescente preoccupazione globale. Molte organizzazioni, come governi ed imprese, hanno assunto l'etichetta di "sostenibile" per tentare di conciliare l’opinione pubblica o cercare di ottenere un vantaggio competitivo sul mercato, ma non sono riusciti a integrare efficacemente i principi della sostenibilità nel loro progetto di sviluppo.
Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) è una filosofia globale sviluppata negli ultimi anni per sostenere imprese ed organizzazioni governative nel miglioramento della loro sostenibilità ambientale. GSCM implica il perseguimento dell’ eco-efficienza delle Supply Chain nella loro interezza, come obiettivo globale, condiviso da tutte gli stakeholder coinvolti. GSCM contiene temi cruciali quali Green Purchasing, Design for Environment (DfE), Closed-Loop Supply Chain (CLSC), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Green Manufacturing, Waste Management, Reuse, Remanufacturing, Refurbishment, e Reverse Logistics.
L'obiettivo di questa ricerca è lo studio, l'adattamento, l'integrazione, lo sviluppo e l'applicazione di approcci e modelli innovativi per il supporto decisionale nel contesto di GSCM. Tali metodologie sono orientate a guidare i decision-makers, in particolare le imprese, nella progettazione e gestione di prodotti e servizi. In particolare, questa tesi si concentra sulla integrazione della metodologia LCA nel processo di DfE di dispositivi prototipali e impianti meccanici, sull'applicazione e l'integrazione di LCA e Life Cycle Costing (LCC) nell'analisi delle prestazioni economiche e ambientali di supply chain, sulla modellazione di problemi di ottimizzazione singolo e multi-obiettivo per la progettazione e pianificazione di filiere ad anello chiuso.
In questa ricerca, il ruolo di LCA come filo conduttore metodologico emerge chiaramente. Dapprima, LCA è stato adottato come strumento di supporto nel DfE di prodotti. A seguire, in combinazione con LCC, come parte di una valutazione economica-ambientale globale delle diverse opzioni nella logistica della distribuzione di prodotti. Infine, attraverso la realizzazione di un modello di ottimizzazione multi-obiettivo, la metodologia LCA è stato inclusa in uno strumento di supporto alle decisioni per la progettazione e la pianificazione ottimale di una filiera a ciclo chiuso. In sintesi, questa ricerca può essere inteso come un percorso che guida l’evoluzione della metodologia LCA da metodo di valutazione ex post, a strumento di ottimizzazione ex ante.

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Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Mora, Cristina
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 27 > scuole 27 > INGEGNERIA MECCATRONICA E DELL'INNOVAZIONE DEL PRODOTTO
Data di deposito della tesi:22 Gennaio 2015
Anno di Pubblicazione:22 Gennaio 2015
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):Life Cycle Assessment, Green Supply Chain Management, Multi-objective Optimisation, Mixed Integer Linear Programming, Design for Environment
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/17 Impianti industriali meccanici
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Tecnica e Gestione dei Sistemi Industriali
Codice ID:7522
Depositato il:12 Nov 2015 14:41
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