Vai ai contenuti. | Spostati sulla navigazione | Spostati sulla ricerca | Vai al menu | Contatti | Accessibilità

| Crea un account

Barion, Giuseppe (2008) Isoflavoni e proteina in soia. Valutazione di varietà  in differenti condizioni di gestione agronomica. [Tesi di dottorato]

Full text disponibile come:

Documento PDF

Abstract (inglese)

The soybean can to be a top crop for the health environment. It's a crop which fixes the atmospheric nitrogen in his tissues. The nitrogen is fixed by nitrogenase-reductase to produce high biological value Organic compound. A part of these substances remains in the soil and can to enrich the soil fertility. (organic-N availability).In the Padua University Experimental Farm, a research work has been realized for to evaluate the nutraceutical compounds production of the most important soybean varieties diffused in Italy. The nutraceutical compounds examined are isoflavones and proteins.
The isoflavones and the soybean proteins are the positive effects on the human health if they are firmly integrated in the diet. (Cancer prevention, menopause symptom alleviation, reduction of the cholesterol accumulation) (Lacombe S et al 2000).
This work has concerned the study of the 35 and 28 soybeans varieties during the 2005. 2006 and 2007. The varieties are cultivated in two different ways:
a) biological way
b) traditional way
The production of the isoflavones are been evaluated in the different plant parts (germ and cotyledon) with a simple HPLC analysis method. A variability coefficient >27% has been found. A different varieties vocation for the soyfood productions has been underlined.
Some varieties are good for the nutraceutical production (high contents in isoflavone compound), some varieties are good for the low content isoflavone production (baby meal).
The agronomic variables have influenced the isoflavone concentration in the soybean seeds In the 2006 and 2007 a second experiment has been realized for to study the irrigation effect, the nitrogen input effect, the soil type effect, on the isoflavone and proteins production. For this study two different varieties has been chosen: Ales (high isoflavone concentration low protein concentration) and Nikir (high protein concentration and low isoflavone concentration). These varieties are grown in the water optimal availability condition and they have compared with a control non irrigated.
By the results is it possible to see witch the ETM condition determine a major isoflavone concentration,(+11%) in the seeds in comparison with the control non irrigated and fertilized.
This effect is more evident in the seeds produced on the stem ramification.

Statistiche Download - Aggiungi a RefWorks
Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Mosca, Giuliano
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 20 > Scuole per il 20simo ciclo > SCIENZE DELLE PRODUZIONI VEGETALI > AGRONOMIA AMBIENTALE
Data di deposito della tesi:22 Gennaio 2008
Anno di Pubblicazione:22 Gennaio 2008
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):Soia Isoflavoni Proteine Biologico Convenzionale
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/02 Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali
Codice ID:889
Depositato il:04 Nov 2008
Simple Metadata
Full Metadata
EndNote Format


I riferimenti della bibliografia possono essere cercati con Cerca la citazione di AIRE, copiando il titolo dell'articolo (o del libro) e la rivista (se presente) nei campi appositi di "Cerca la Citazione di AIRE".
Le url contenute in alcuni riferimenti sono raggiungibili cliccando sul link alla fine della citazione (Vai!) e tramite Google (Ricerca con Google). Il risultato dipende dalla formattazione della citazione.

1. GRIFFITHS LA, BARROWS A (1972). Metaboiism of flavonoid compounds in germ-free rats. Biochem /, 130 :1161 - 2117. Agric Food Chem, 41 : 1961-1967. Cerca con Google

2. ALDERCRUTZ H, HON]A H, HIGASHI A, et al. 1991. Urinary excretion of lignans and isoflaronoid phytoestrogens in |apanese men and women consuming a traditional Japanese diet. Am j Clin Nutr, 54 : 1093 -1100. Cerca con Google

3. ANDERSON B, GARNER SC 1997. The effects of phytoestrogens on bone. Nutr Rei, 17:1617-1632. Cerca con Google

4. ARJMANDI BH, GETLINGER M, GOYAL NV 1998. Role of soy protein with normal or reduced isoflavone content in reversing bone loss induced by ovarian hormone deficiency in rats. Am j Clin Nutr, 68 : SI 358-363. Cerca con Google

5. AUSSENAC T, LACOMBE S, DAYDE J (1998). Quantìfication of isoflavone by capìllary zone electrophoresis in soybean seeds : effects of variety an environment. AmjClin Nutr, 68 : S1480-5. Cerca con Google

6. BEAGLEHOLE R. (1990). International trends in coronary heart disease mortality, morbidity, and riskfactors. Epidemiology Rev, 12 :1-15. Cerca con Google

7. BERGER, M. ; ARTAL, J. ; THEODOROU, V. ; NEPVEU, F. ; DAYDÉ, J. 2002. Facteurs de variation de la teneur en isoflavones du soja. Symposium Aliment Sante. Toulouse, 25 Avril 2002. Cerca con Google

8. BODWELL, C.E., AND HOPKINS, D.T. 1985. Nutritional Characteristics of Oilseed Proteins, in New Protein Foods: Seed Storage Proteins, Vol. 5, p311-312 Altschul, A.A., and Wilcke, H.L., Academic Press, Orlando. Cerca con Google

9. BOULET M, ODDENS B, LEHERT P, VEMER HM, VISSER A 1994. Climacteric and menopause in seven south-east Asian countries. Maturitas 19:157-76. Cerca con Google

10. BOUNIOLS A, DAYDE J, MONDIES M, TALLEUX L, DALBIN N 1994. Correlations between genotypic and cultural factors on protein and oil content and fatty acids composition of soybean seeds. World Soybean Research Conference V, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Feb. 20-26. Cerca con Google

11. BOWEN R, BARNES S, WANC Y (1995). Antioxidant and anti-promotional effects of the soybean isoflavone genistein. PSEBM, 208 :124-30. Cerca con Google

12. BRECKWOLDT M, KECK C, KARCK U 1995. Benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). / Steroid Biochem Motec Biol, 53 : 205-8. Cerca con Google

13. BROUGHTON, W. J. ; HANG, F. ; FERREI, X. ; STAEHELIN, C. 2003. Signals exchanged between legumes and Rhizobium: agricultural uses and perspectives. Plant andSoit252(1): 129-137. Cerca con Google

14. BROUGHTON, W. J. ; JABBOURI, S. ; FERREI, X. 2000. Keys to symbiotic harmony. American Ssociety For Mcrobiology. 182: 5641-5652 Cerca con Google

15. BROWN P. (1988). Hydrolysis of glycosides and esters. In : ROWLANG IR, ed. Role of the gut flora in toxicity and cancer. San Diego : Academic press : 109-44. Cerca con Google

16. CALDWELL, M. M. ; ROBBERECHT, R. ; FLINT, S. 1983. Internal filters: prospects for UV-acclimation in higher plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 58: 445-450. Cerca con Google

17. CARROLL KK, KUROWSKA EM 1995. Soy consumption and cholesterol reduction : review of animal and human studies. Nutr, 125 : 5594-7. Cerca con Google

18. CASSIDY A, BINGHAM S, SETCHELL K (1994). Biological effects of a diet of soy protein rich in isoflavone on the menstrual cycle of premenopausal women. Am I Clin. Nutr., 60:333-40. Cerca con Google

19. CETIOM (1999). Le soja en 99 : le contexte économique, les techniques culturale*. Cetiom ; 16 p. Cerca con Google

20. CHEFTEL JC, LORIENT D (1985). Protéines du soja. In : Protéines alimentaires, Tech & Doc. Lavoisìer : 223-239. Cerca con Google

21. CHEN, L. J. ; ZHAO, X. ; PLUMMER, S. ; TANG, J. ; GAMES, D. E. 2005. Quantitative determination and structural characterization of isoflavones in nutrition supplements by liquid chromatography-Gas spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography, 1082 1: 60-70. Cerca con Google

22. COOPER C, CAMPION G, MELTON JL 1992. III. Hip fractures in the elderly : a world wide projection. Osteoporosis I., 2 : 285-9 Cerca con Google

23. CULLIMORE, J. V. ; RANJEVA, R. ; BONO, J. 2001. Perception of lipochitooligosaccharidic Nod factors in legumes. Trends in Plani Sciences, 6: 24-30. Cerca con Google

24. DANG, Z. C. and LOWIK, C. 2005. Dose-dependent effects of phytoestrogens on bone. Trends in Endocrinology andMetabolism 5: 207-213. Cerca con Google

25. DAVID F. HERRIDGE, MARK B. Peoples (1990). Ureide Assay for Measuring Nitrogen Fixation By Nodulated Soybean Calibrated by 15N Methods. New South Wales Agricolture e Fischeries, Plant Phisiol. 93, 495-503. Cerca con Google

26. DAYDE J (1994). Transferts de l'azote et qualité protéique des graines de soja interaction géno-type-conduite culturale. Les rencontres annuelles du Cetiorn ; Paris, 29 nov. 1994 ; 4 p. Cerca con Google

27. DAYDE J, LACOMBE S (1995). Optìmisation de la qualité protéique des graines de soja en réponse aux besoins de l'aval industrial Purpan, 176 :134-139. Cerca con Google

28. ELDRIDGE AC, KWOLEK F (1983). Soybean isoflavones : effect of environ ment and variety on composition. I Agric Food Chem, 31 : 394-396. Cerca con Google

29. F1SHER, R. F. LONG, S. R. 1993. Interactions of NodD at the nodbox: NodD binds to two distinct sites on the same face of the helix and induces a bend in the DNA. Journal of Molecular Biohgy, 233: 336-348. Cerca con Google


31. HABIB R. A Biophysical Analysis of Stem and Root Diameter Variations in Woody Plants. 2001. Plant Physiol. 126: 188-202. Cerca con Google

32. GILLIGAM DM, QUYYUMI AA, CANNON RO 1994. Effects of physiological levels of estrogen on coronary vasomotor function in postmenopausal women. Circutation, 89 : 2545-51. Cerca con Google

33. Glycine max. Proceedings ofthe National Academy of Sciences ofthe USA, 84: 7428-7432. Cerca con Google

34. GRAHAM, M. Y. ; GRAHAM, PARK, D.S. ; LANDOMI, S T. L. 2002. Induced defence potentiation against Phytophtora sojae in soybean. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology,60:293-3W. Cerca con Google

35. HARRIS KS, WANG H|, MURPHY PA, HENDRICH S 1995. Bioavailability of soybean isoflavones depends upon gut microflora in women. J. Nutr., 125 : 2307-15. Cerca con Google

36. HERRIDGE D.F. 1982. Relative Abundance of Ureides and Nitrate in Plant Tissue of Soybean as a quantitative assay of Nitrogen Fixation. Plant Phisiol 70: 1-6. Cerca con Google

37. HOMORÉ EK, WILLIAMS JK, ANTONY MS, CLARKSON TB 1997. Soy isoflavones enhance coronary vascular reactivity in atherosclerotic female macaques. Fertil Sterlityi!, 67:148-54. Cerca con Google

38. HUBERT, J.; BERGER, M.; DAYDE, J. 2005. Use of a simplified HPLC-UV Analysis for soyasaponin B determination: Study of saponin and isoflavone variability in soybean cultivars and soy-based health food products. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemisiry, 53 10: 3923-3930. Cerca con Google

39. IRVING, H. R. ; BOUKLI, N. M. ; KELLY, M. N. ; BROUGHTON, W. J. 2000. Nod-factors in symbiotic development of root hairs. In Root Hairs: Celi and Molecular Biology. Eds. R. W. Ridge and A. M. Emons. Spinger, Tokyo, Japan. Pp 241-265. Cerca con Google

40. JOSEPH G.ENDRES (2001) Soy Protein Products Characteristics, nutritional aspects, and utilization AOCS press, Soy Protein Council: p 1-51. Cerca con Google

41. KELLY GÈ, JOANNOU GÈ, NELSON C, REEDER AY, WARING MA (1993). Metabolites of dietary (soya) isoflavones in human urine. Clin Chim Acta, 223 :9-22. Cerca con Google

42. KIM H, PETERSON GT, BARNES S. (1998). Mechanism of action of the soy isoflavone genistein : emerging role for its effects via transforming growth factor b signaling. Am j Clin Nutr, 68 : SI418-30. Cerca con Google

43. KING RA (1998). Daidzein conjugates are more bioavailable than genistein conjugates in rats. AmjClin Nutr, 68 : S1496-1499. Cerca con Google

44. KITAMURA K, AGATE K, KICHUCHI A, KUDOU S, OKUBO K (1991). Low isoflavone content in early maturing cultivars, so called summer-type soybeans (Clycine max (i) MerrilJ. Ipn j Breeding, 41 :651-654. Cerca con Google

45. KNIGHT DC, EDEN A 1996. A review of the clinical effects of phytoestrogens. Obstet Gynecology, 87 : 897-904. Cerca con Google

46. KOSSLAK, R. M. ; BOOKLAND, R. ; BARKEI, J. ; PAARENN, H. ; APPELBAUM, E. R. 1987.Induction of Bradirhyzobium Japonicum common nod genes by isoflavone isolated from Cerca con Google

47. LACOMBE S, AUSSENAC T, LA DROITTE P, DAYDE 1 (1999). Effects of environmental factors on isoflavone content and composition in soybean seeds. In Proceedings ofthe World soybean research conference VI, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Cerca con Google

48. LEE HP, GOURLEY L, DUFFY SW, ESTEVE ), LEE, DAY NE 1991. Dietary effects on breast cancer risk in Singapóre. Lancet, 337 : 1197-200. Cerca con Google

49. LOVATI MR, MANZONI C, AGOSTENELLI P, CIAPELLANO S. Manicci L., Sirtori CR (1991). Studing of the mechanism of the cholesterol lowering activity of soy protein. Nutr Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 1: 18-24. Cerca con Google

50. LU LjW, ANDERSON KE (1998). Sex and long term soy diets affect the metabolism and excretion of soy isoflavones in humans. Am J din. Nut.r, 68 : SI 500-501. Cerca con Google

51. MAFFEI M., 1999. Biochimica Vegetale. Piccin Editore (Padova): 273-276. Cerca con Google

52. MESSINA M, BARNES S (1991). The role of soy products in reducing risk of cancer. I Nati Cancer Inst, 83 : 541 -6. Cerca con Google

53. MIKLASHEVICHS, E.; ROHRIG, H.; SCHELL J., J. 2001. Perception and signal Cerca con Google

54. MOLTENI A, BRIZIO-MOLDENI L, PERSKY V 1995. In vìtro hormonal effects of soybean isoflavones. Nutrition, 125 :S751-6. Cerca con Google

55. MOSCA G., 1984 (A). La soia e le sue prospettive. Giornale di Agricoltura: 48-49. Cerca con Google

56. MOSCA G., 1984 (B). La coltivazione della soia: aspetti di tecnica agronomica. In La soia-prospettive colturali ed economiche per l’agricoltura padana. Atti del convegno-Verona, 9 Febbraio198469-89: Cerca con Google

57. potentiation against Phytophtora sojae in soybean. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology,60:293-3W. Cerca con Google

58. POTTER SM 1995. Overview of proposed mechanism for the hypocholesterolemic effect of soy. / Nutr, 125 : S606-11. Cerca con Google

59. POTTER SM 1996. Soy protein and serum lipids. Curr.Opin Lipidol, 7 : 260-4. Cerca con Google

60. PRICE KR, FENWIRK GR (1985). Naturally occurring estrogens in foods : a review. FoodAddit Contarli, 2 : 73-106.10O.LU L)W, ANDERSON KE (1998). Sex and long term soy diets affect the meta-bolism and excretion of soy isoflavones in humans. Am / Clin Nutr., 68 : S1500-1503. Cerca con Google

61. RICKARD SE, THOMPSON LU (1997). Phytoestrogens and lignans : effects on reproduction and chronic disease. In antinutrients and phytochemicals in food. Am Chemical Society, 662 ; 273-93. Cerca con Google

62. SCHARFF AM, EGSGAARD H, HANSEN P.E., ROSENDAHL L. 2003 Exploring Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation and Assimilation in Pea Root Nodules by in Vivo 15N Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Plant Phisiol. 131: 367-378. Cerca con Google

63. SCHIJLEN, E. G. W. ; DE VOS, C. H. R. ; VAN TUNEN, A. J. ; BOVY, A. G. 2004. Modificata offlavonoid biosynthesìs in crop plants. Phytochemistry, 65 (19): 2631-2648. Cerca con Google

64. SETCHELL KDR, BORRIELLO SP, NUME P, KIRK DN, AXELSON M 1984. Non steroidal estrogens of dietary origin : possible roles in hormone dependent disease. Nutr, 40 : 569-78. Cerca con Google

65. SEVERSON RK, NOMURA AMY, GROVE JS, STEMMERMAN GN 1989. A prospective study of demographics, diet and prostate cancer among men of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii. Cancer Res 49 : 1857-60.' Cerca con Google

66. SINGHAM SA, ATKINSON C, LIGGINS I, BLUCK L, COWARD A 1998. Phytoestrogens : where are we now ? 8r/ Nutt, 79 : 393-406. Cerca con Google

67. SKURRAY G, CUNICH J, CARTER O (1980). HARADA K, HOSSAIN KG (1990). effect of different varieties and calcium concentration on the quality of tofu. Food. Chem. 6: 89-95. Cerca con Google

68. SNYDER HE, KWON TW (1987). Soybean utilizations . New York ; Van Nostrand Reinhold Company; P.346. Cerca con Google

69. TAIZ L.ZEIGER L. 1991 Fisiologia Vegetale. pp: 165-179. Cerca con Google

70. TONIOLO L. E MOSCA G., 1986. La soia. Reda (Padova): 104 pp. Cerca con Google

71. transduction of rhizobial Nod factors. Criticai Reviews in Plani Science, 20: 373- 394. Cerca con Google

72. TSUKAMOTO C., SHIMADA S, IGITA K, et al. (1995). Factors affecting isoflavone content in soybean seeds : changes in isoflavones, saponins composition of fatty acids at different temperatures during the seeds deve lopment. / Agric Food Chem, 43 : 1184-1192. Cerca con Google

73. VAN BERKUM P., SLOGER C., WEBER D.F., CREGAN P.B.,KEYSER H Relationship between Ureide N and N2 Fixation, Aboveground N Accumulation, Acetylene Reduction, and Nodule Mass in Greenhouse and Field Studies with Glycine max L. (Merr). 1985 Plant Phisiol 77: 53-58. Cerca con Google

74. WANG HJ, Murphy PA (1994b). Isoflavone content in commerciai soybean foods diets. Cerca con Google

75. WANG Hj, MURPHY PA 1994. Isoflavone composition of American and japanese soybean in Iowa : effects of variety, crop year, and location. / Agric food Chem, 42 : 1674-7. Cerca con Google

76. WANG HJ, MURPHY PA, COOK L, HENDRICH SA 1994. Daidzein is more bioavailable soymilk isoflavone than is genistein in adult women. J Nutr, 126:871-7. Cerca con Google

77. WILCOX J.R, KINNEY AJ, 1999. Avances in change seed composition. Proceeding of the World Soybean, Research conference, VI, Chicago, U.S.A. August 4-7: 134- 138. Cerca con Google

78. ZHANG, F. and SMITH, D. L. 1997. Application of genistein to inoculate and soil to overcome lowspring soil temperature inhibition of soybean nodulation and nitrogen fixation. Plant and Soil, 192: 141-151. Cerca con Google

Download statistics

Solo per lo Staff dell Archivio: Modifica questo record