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Rocci, Alessio (2015) La storia della GravitĂ  Quantistica: Dalla nascita della RelativitĂ  Generale al secondo dopoguerra (1915-1945). [Tesi di dottorato]

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Abstract (inglese)

A theory that reconciles the deepest theory of gravitation available, i.e. General Relativity, with Quantum Mechanics is still not available. In spite of this fact, the search for a theoretical framework that can unify these two far apart views began a hundred years ago, in 1915, with the birth of Einstein's theory, in a historical period in which, more than today, it was not possible to submit this theoretical model to a experimental verification. The main objective of this thesis is to develop a historical reconstruction of these first attempts, from 1915 to 1945, starting with an analysis of the primary sources, published in the journals of the time. The thesis research would like to underline how the drive towards the unification of the two theoretical frameworks has always been present, and it wants to bring out the fact that the various formulations have evolved in turn stimulated by the progressive extension of the concept of quantization. Among all attempts published in the scientific journals of the period, the thesis examines in more detail the works of some authors, because they represent more complex contributions, regardless of the degree of resonance they have had in the following years. In addition to these approaches, other attempts have been also described briefly. If the main theme is the quantization of the gravitational force, it emerges the fact that there are many roads examined by scientists working in this area at this time. It is therefore difficult, if not impossible, to bring the various contributions to an orderly succession. To remedy this fragmentation, which otherwise is a matter of fact for the research in this area between 1915 and 1945, we present a detailed chronology at the end of each chapter.

Abstract (italiano)


Una teoria che concili la piĂč profonda teoria della gravitazione disponibile, cioĂš la RelativitĂ  Generale, con la Meccanica Quantistica Ăš ancora oggi non disponibile. Eppure, la ricerca di un quadro teorico che possa unificare queste due visioni molto distanti tra loro Ăš cominciata cento anni fa, nel 1915, con la nascita della teoria di Einstein, in un periodo storico nel quale, piĂč di oggi, non era possibile sottoporre tale ipotetico quadro teorico ad una qualche verifica sperimentale. Questo lavoro di tesi ha come obiettivo principale quello di sviluppare una ricostruzione storica di questi primi tentativi, dal 1915 al 1945, partendo dall'analisi delle fonti primarie reperite nelle riviste dell'epoca. La ricerca mette in luce come la spinta verso l'unificazione dei due quadri teorici sia sempre stata presente, e fa emergere il fatto che le varie formulazioni si sono evolute di volta in volta stimolate dalla progressiva estensione del concetto stesso di quantizzazione. La tesi analizza in maniera piĂč dettagliata i lavori di alcuni autori, perchĂ© rappresentano approcci piĂč articolati, indipendentemente dal grado di risonanza avuta negli anni successivi. Oltre a questi approcci, sono stati descritti brevemente anche gli altri tentativi presenti nelle riviste scientifiche prese in considerazione. Se il filo conduttore Ăš la quantizzazione della forza gravitazionale, Ăš per altro evidente che molti sono i filoni presi in esame dagli scienziati che lavorano in questo ambito in questo periodo. È quindi difficile, se non impossibile, ricondurre i vari contributi a una successione ordinata. Anche per ovviare a questa frammentarietĂ , che per altro Ăš un dato di fatto delle ricerche nel settore tra il 1915 e il 1945, alla fine di ogni capitolo viene presentata la cronologia degli autori e dei loro contributi relativamente al periodo storico preso in esame.

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Tipo di EPrint:Tesi di dottorato
Relatore:Peruzzi, Giulio
Correlatore:Lechner, Kurt
Dottorato (corsi e scuole):Ciclo 27 > scuole 27 > FISICA
Data di deposito della tesi:30 Luglio 2015
Anno di Pubblicazione:30 Luglio 2015
Informazioni aggiuntive:Titolo in inglese: History of Quantum Gravity: from the birth of General Relativity to the end of WWII (1915-1945)
Parole chiave (italiano / inglese):Storia della Fisica, GravitĂ  Quantistica, unificazione, RelativitĂ  Generale, Quantum Gravity, History of Science, History of Physics
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/08 Didattica e storia della fisica
Struttura di riferimento:Dipartimenti > Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "Galileo Galilei"
Codice ID:8916
Depositato il:29 Ago 2016 15:58
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Bibliografia divisa per capitoli Cerca con Google

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